Science Ch. 6

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codymcc
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117333
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Science Ch. 6
Updated:
2011-11-16 18:19:38
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Ch 6
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  1. a substance that flows and whose shape, but not volume can be changed
    liquid
  2. a substance that resists changing shape
    solid
  3. the amount of space that matter occupies
    volume
  4. a naturally occurring solid that can form by inorganic processes and that has a crystal structure and a definite chemical composition
    mineral
  5. a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that repeats again and again
    crystal
  6. not formed from living things or the remains of living things
    inorgainic
  7. the color of a mineral's powder
    streak
  8. the way a mineral reflects light from its surface
    luster
  9. a scale ranking ten minerals from softest to hardest; used in testing the hardness of minerals
    Moh's hardness scale
  10. a mineral's ability to split easily along flat surfaces
    cleavage
  11. the way a mineral looks when it breaks apart in an irregular way
    fracture
  12. a mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute that has the same properties throughout; a mixture in which one substance is dissolved in another
    solution
  13. a narrow deposit of a mineral that is shrply different from the surrounding rock
    vein
  14. the process by which atoms are arranged to form a material that has a crystal structure
    crystallization
  15. a rounded hallow rock that is often lined with mineral crystal
    geode
  16. any of the common minerals that make up most of the rocks of Earth's crust
    rock-forming mineral
  17. an usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in continental crust
    granite
  18. a dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oceanic crust
    basalt
  19. the particles of minerals or other rocks that give a rock its texture
    grains
  20. the look and feel of a rock's surface, determined by the size, shape, and pattern of a rock's grains
    texture
  21. a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at or below the surface
    Igneous rock
  22. a type of rock tht forms from an existing rock that is changed by heat, pressure, or chemical reactions
    metamorphic rock
  23. a series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another
    rock cycle
  24. a mineral is a naturally ocurring inorgainix ____ with a unique crystal structure
    solid
  25. some minerals are formed when ____ cools
    magma
  26. the term crystal refers to the patterns that ___ form in a crystal
    atoms
  27. the ____ of a rock or mineral is obtained by dividing mass by ____
    density; volume
  28. ___ alone usually is not enough to identify a mineral
    color
  29. test for hardness and streak help ____ minerals
    identify
  30. 2 types of luster are ____ & ____
    metallic & nonmetallic
  31. Titanium is useful because it is ___
    lightweight & durable
  32. 2 minerals that are ores of titanium are ____
    ilmenite & rutile
  33. qualities of a stone that make it a gemstone are ____
    beauty and rarity
  34. One quality of a fossil fuel that is not a quality of a mineral?
    Organic
  35. Classifying is the process of grouping ____ in categories
    information/data
  36. Know definition of mineral by memory
    a naturally occuring solid that can form by inorganic processes and that has a crystal structure and a definite chemical composition
  37. draw the rock cycle
  38. how are rocks formed????

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