Chapter 10 Psych

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Chapter 10 Psych
2011-11-16 20:13:18
psych psychology fikes chapter 10

chapter ten westmont psych test
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  1. Health Psychology
    The field of psychological science concerned with the events that affect physical well being
  2. Well-Being
    a positive state that includes striving for optimal health
  3. biopsychsocial factor
    a model of health that integrates the effects of biological, behavior, and social factors on health and illness
  4. Placebo Effect
    a drug or treatment, unrelated to the particular problem of the person who receives it, may make the recipient feel better because the person believes the drug or treatment is effective
  5. Stress
    a pattern of behavioral and physiological responses to events that match or exceed an organism's abilities to respond
  6. Stressor
    an environmental event or stimulus that threatens an organism
  7. Coping Response
    any response an organism makes to avoid, escape from, or minimize an aversive stimulus
  8. hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis
    the biological response system responsible for the stress response
  9. fight or flight response
    • physiological response to deal with danger:
    • 1. heart rate increase/breathing heavy/sweat
    • 2. blood from the skin goes towards the brain and other organs
    • 3. autonomic processes such as food disgestion are stopped temporarily
  10. tend and befriend response
    females' tendency to protect and care for their offspring and form social alliances rather than flee or fight in response to threat
  11. oxytocin
    a hormone that is important for mothers in bonding to newborns
  12. lymphocytes
    specialized white blood cells known as B and T cells and natural killer cells that make up the immune system
  13. immune system
    the body's mechanism for dealing with invading microorganisms, such as allergens, bacteria, and viruses
  14. General Adaptation Syndrome
    • (Seyle) Three stages of physiological response to stress
    • 1. Alarm:fight or flight
    • 2. Resistance:body maximizes defenses, increase in immune system
    • 3. Exhaust: systems fail
  15. Type A Behavior
    competitive, achievement, agression, impatience, etc
  16. Type B
    relaxed, noncompetitive, easygoing, accomodating
  17. allostatic load theory of illness
    When people are continually stressed, they are unable to return to bodily states that characterize normal stress levels
  18. Primary Appraisal
    part of the coping process that involves making decisions about whether a stimulus is stressful, benign, or irrelevant
  19. Secondary Appraisal
    Part of the coping process during which people evaluate their options and choose coping behaviors
  20. Emotion-Focused coping
    people try to prevent having an emotional repsonse to a stressor
  21. Problem-Focused Coping
    peple take direct steps to confront or minimize a stressor
  22. BMI
    ratio of body weight to height, used to measure obesity
  23. Anorexia
    eating disorder characterized by an excessive fear of becoming fat and thus refusal to eat
  24. Bulimia
    eating disorder characterized by dieting, binge eating, and purging
  25. Social Integration
    the qualitiy of a person's social relationships
  26. Buffering Hypothesis
    the idea that other people can provide direct support in helping individuals cope with stressful events