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Besides the amount of alcohol ingested, time elapsed and body weight, what has the most imprtant effect on absorption into blood?
Quantity and kind of food in stomach.
What BAC reading is 6 to 7 times more likely to have a crash than if zero?
How many deaths due to vehicle accident?
How many of the total accident deaths are alcohol related?
Alcohol is removed from the blood stream through two processes?
1 - Elimination
2 - Oxidation
Three categories of elimination?
1 - Urination
2 - Respiration
3 - Perspiration
Which category of alcohol removal accounts for 90%
Supreme Court held that random vehicle stops for the purpose of checking drivers license, registration or vehicle equipment were illegal?
1979 Delaware v Prouse
Roadblocks were not merely fiching expeditions?
Commonwealth v Leninsky
Title and Section? Duty of LE to make dilligent effort to determine if semi-conscious or unconscious person is an epileptic or diabetic?
Title 35 Section 10012
Field sobriety test measure what 4 things?
1 - Balance
2 - Coordination
3 - Speech
4 - Divided Attention
4 other factors that could cause one to perform sobriety test poorly?
1 - Obesity
2 - Age(Elderly)
3 - Dentures
4 - Speech Impediments
Field Sobriety should not be given if what 3 things?
1 - Danger of person injuring self
2 - Conditions too dangerous
3 - Already enough PC
Approves breath testing devices?
Department of Health
Regulates breath testing devices?
Dept of Transportation
Type of breath testing device that requires 30 hour basic training course?
Type of breath testing device that requires 6 hr training course?
Annual breath test device calibration uses what three solution levels?
1 - .05
2 - .10
3 - .15
How long must subject be observed before breath testing?
What 6 things must a person not do before breath test?
1 - Alcohol
2 - Other fluids
3 - Regurgitate
4 - Vomit
5 - Eat
6 - Smoke
2 steps of breath test?
1 - Two consecutive actual breath tests
2 - One simulator test of .10 immediately after the second actual breath test.
Is arresting officer required to be present during breath test?
No but should be
4 substances that breath test instruments may react to?
1 - Ether
2 - Chloroform
3 - Acetone
4 - Cigarette Smoke
Consequence for refusing PBT?
6 things that should be included in a case file?
1 - Certificate for the breath testing device operator
2 - 30 day certficate of accuracy for device
3 - Annual certificate of calibration for device
4 - Copy of breathalyzer operator checklist
5 - Actual test result printout
6 - PA bulletin
When should Miranda be given?
After chemical testing
Testify to what four things about hospital?
1 - Record time of arrival
2 - Who was present at the time of blood draw
3 - Who drew blood
4 - Who obtained the blood
Average working days lost per vehicle injury?
More crashes on city streets or highways and why?
More opportunities for collision
What percentage of people killed in car crashes were not wearing seat belts?
More than 69%
5 types of crashes?
1 - Frontal
2 - Rear
3 - Lateral
4 - Rotational
Down and up movement
Up and over movement
Whiplash and hyperextension/ hyper-flexive injuries?
Can result in hip and pelvic injuries?
Crash invlovling an off center collision?
Impact causes vehicle to flip end over end?
Movement of the vehicle as it breaks and accelerates?
2 reasons children are especially susceptible to injury?
1 - Their size
2 - High center of gravity
Webbing is designed to stretch how far?
Anchor points for shoulder belt only?
Anchor points for lap/shoulder arrangement
Two types of retractors?
1 - Automatic Locking Retractor
2 - Belt sensitive emergency Locking Retractor
Which retractor allows belt to be pulled out in one motion then allows no further extension until the belt is fuklly rewound?
Automatic Locking Retractor
Which retractor is designed to lock when belt is jerked?
What activates an Air bag? And what is the equivalent?
Frontal crash sensor
Hitting brick wall at 12mph
Child safety seats could prevent how many injuries and deaths each year?
500 lives a year