Weather

Card Set Information

Author:
MarkBeaty
ID:
117431
Filename:
Weather
Updated:
2011-11-17 01:28:29
Tags:
Pilot Weather AIRMET SIGMET Analysis Depiction METAR TAF Winds Aloft
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Description:
Pilot Weather Knowledge
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  1. AIRMET
    • ISSUED: When Required
    • VALID: 6 Hours
  2. SIGMET
    • ISSUED: When Required
    • VALID: 4 Hours
  3. CONVECTIVE SIGMET
    • ISSUED: Hourly
    • VALID: 2 Hours
  4. METAR
    • ISSUED: Hourly
    • VALID: Time of Issuance
  5. TAF
    • ISSUED: Every 6 Hours
    • VALID: Period Specified
  6. AREA FORECAST
    • ISSUED: Every 6 Hours
    • VALID: 24 - 30 Hours
  7. WEATHER DEPICTION
    • ISSUED: Every 3 Hours
    • VALID: Time of Issuance
  8. WINDS ALOFT
    • ISSUED: Twice Daily - 0000Z/1200Z
    • VALID: 18 Hours
  9. RADAR SUMMARY
    • ISSUED: Hourly
    • VALID: N/A
  10. SURFACE ANALYSIS
    • ISSUED: Every 3 Hours
    • VALID: N/A
  11. CONVECTIVE OUTLOOK
    • ISSUED: 5 Times Daily
    • VALID: 12 Hours
  12. AIRMET S
    Mountain Obscuration/Cielings less than 1,000ft Visibility less than 3 miles
  13. AIRMET T
    Turbulence - Moderate - Surface Winds sustained 30 knots or more
  14. AIRMET Z
    Icing - Moderate Icing - Freezing Levels
  15. PIREP - UA
    Routine
  16. PIREP UUA
    Urgent
  17. ICING TYPES - 3
    • Glaze
    • Rime
    • Mixed
  18. THUNDER STORMS - 3 Ingredients
    • Moisture
    • Instability
    • Lifting Action
  19. THUNDER STORMS - 3 Stages
    • Cumulous
    • Mature
    • Dissapating
  20. FOUR PARTS AREA FORECAST (FA)
    • Header
    • Precautionary Statement
    • Synopsis
    • VFR Clouds/Weather
  21. Radiation Fog
    Surface heating - Night, air closer to the surface cools
  22. Advection Fog
    Low layer of warm, moist air over cooler surface
  23. Steam Fog
    Cold, dry air moves over warmer water
  24. Upslope Fog
    Moist, stable air cooled as moves up terrain
  25. Cold Front - Expected Conditions
    Severe Thunderstorms
  26. Warm Front - Expected Conditions
    Embedded Thunderstorms
  27. Stationary Front - Expected Conditions
    Stays for several days - mixed weather
  28. Occluded Front - Expected Conditions
    Turbulence
  29. High Clouds - ALT/Type
    • Above 20,000 AGL
    • Cirrus
    • Cirrocumulus
    • Cirrostratus
  30. Low Clouds - ALT/Type
    • Surface - 6,500 AGL
    • Fog
    • Cumulus
    • Stratocumulus
    • Stratus
  31. Middle Clouds - ALT/Type
    • 6,500 - 20,000 AGL
    • Altocumulus
    • Altostratus
    • Nimbostratus
  32. Relative Humidity
    Actual amount of moisture compared to amount possible @ temperature
  33. Dewpoint
    Temperature in which air can hold no more water
  34. Sea Breeze
    Cooled air over sea moves to land
  35. Land Breeze
    Cooled air over land moves to warmer sea
  36. Coriolis Force
    Rotation of the Earth
  37. Low Pressure System
    • Cyclonic Flow - Counterclockwise
    • Upward Motion
  38. High Pressure System
    • Anticyclonic Flow - Clockwise
    • Downward Motion
  39. Atmosphere Levels and ALT (5)
    • Thermosphere - Outer Space
    • Mesosphere - 160,000 - 280,000
    • Stratosphere - 30,000 - 160,000
    • Tropopause - Thin cap on Troposphere
    • Troposphere - Surface - 30,000
  40. Standard Lapse Rate (temp decrease)
    2 degrees C per 1,000ft
  41. ISA (International Standard Atmosphere)
    • 15C
    • 29.92

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