soci theory

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  1. french revoluation dates - who - main ideas - def
    1789 - 1799 les philosophes - diderot, voltaire - empiricism - reason with science. critics of the church, faught for freedome of speech, freedome from arbitrary power, from tyrants, nobles. would the foundation for law based societies and liberal. against supersittion and religous dogma. influenced from I Newton acquired his knowledge of knowledge, John Loch human minds are blank slates.
  2. english revolution date - main idea - who - def
    • 1642-1649
    • rationalism ; descartes and spinoza - reality does not come from God, but from reason, allows for human betterment and frees from irrontionalism and arbitrary powers. humanism. human becomes responsible for their own lives and have free will, volarism, and rights
  3. positivism - who - def - logical positivism - critical positivism - sociological positivism
    • logical positivism; practising sociology can follow scientific form
    • critical positivism; practical progressive social change, making the world a better place. emphasive individual
    • versus traditional anti-conservative.
    • sociological positivism; durkheim;we need to understand the harmony enducing power of the church and reform a government with the goal collective stability
  4. comte henri saint-simon
    sociological positivism- should be empirical. organic whole; more than individuals
  5. concept of industrial society
    no longer able to rely upon central source support, lacking central power and should be controlled on cecular church, led to the rise of social order where a new class is of becoming
  6. morral vaccum
    abscence of stabalizing forces
  7. auguste conte -
    • sociological observation can be used to intervene in this society practically. social progress and the laws of society,
    • rejection of metaphysics; we cant actually determine things through observation
    • develops the ideas of stages in society
    • regulating laws ; static
    • social change; dynamic
  8. herbert spencer ; morality
    utilitarism - theory of morality ; moral if it promotes the greater good of the greater number- moral based on science. - progress is evolutionary - organism - emphasis on the individual - against state interference
  9. hegel
    2 concepts
    • idealism ; one's conscieness can determine reality. religion was seen as an expression of tradition and authority that led the road of truth.
    • material world determines consciouness
    • dialectic; processes and relations, what changes
  10. young hegelian,
    university of berlin, saw the truth through the imancipation from religion, bse it was oppresive and a chain that creates allusion

    changing peoples ideas
  11. marx
    , why did he leave the left hegelians
    , which club did he start up
    • wanted to change peoples material conditions(reality) so that they could change their ideas, wanted to change the world practically.
    • international men's association; important in the history of the working class
  12. marx
    what was he for... (4)
    • was for the individual and their rights
    • for the working class
    • praises capitalism as being a necessary step for communism, supportive more of production
    • social progress
  13. Who associated marx with communism
    • c wright mills, 1960's in the us, associated marx's teaching as socio-political contextual. Frankfirt school of theory
    • connected his teachings to the basis of society and culture
  14. ludwig fewerbach
    religion comes from man, reflection of our material essence, human loose themselves in God,
  15. modes of production
    productive forces
    social relations of production
    • productive forces ' labour power, resources, tools and machinery
    • social relations of production, devition of labout which are class based
  16. production
    things are produced socially but used and benefits individualy, does not profit the collective equally. a contradition that changes consciousness
  17. superstructure controlled by the base
    what people think ' ideology and beliefs, culture, circumstances of consciousness are moulded by the base the state, elite

    • fundamental part of materialism; how are material relatity condidtions our beliefs
    • impact on autonomy
  18. thesis - antithesis - synthesis
    whats going on, resistence to whats going on, new model - revolutionary change

    personified in social classes.
  19. determinism - who
    durkheim ; relationship between cause and effect, funtion for every part of society
  20. interpretive theory - ideographic
    max weber; symbolic interpretation, individuals perceive their reality and shape their view, behavious and social relatity

    ideographic with uniqueness of a social group
  21. the idea of freedom
    • needs to become prominent so that they can become more powerful,
    • created industrial army reserve
    • formal equality that forces the lower class to work for their lives
  22. alienation
    • producing goods that they will not use, disconnects product and how all profit does to higher management
    • workers are detached from one another, set in a labour intensice environment and competitive
    • reduced to animal and machinery status, through commodification
  23. commodifitcation
    • reduced to commodities,
    • put a bit of themselves in product through the only resource they own., labour power
    • objectified as priced at an exchange value
    • brought and sold and exploited
  24. anti-duhring
    morality is relative to one's culture and social class, moral beliefs are relative to your material relality,
  25. equality
    where caracteristics are the same
  26. communist
    • no more class division
    • everyone will own production
    • collective land ownership
    • seperation between mental and physical labout
    • balance freedom and necessities
  27. the communist manifesto
    • to expose the view point of the communist movement
    • to persuate the proletariat that socialism is good which will lead to communism
    • collective ownership; nationalizing production and resources and socializing the economy
    • moral beliefs would change
  28. the origins of the bourgeousie
    • freeman, slave, platician and lords, surfs and bobles, workers and bourgeousie. came out of oppressed class
    • even family relations based on economic relations
    • means of constantly reforming technology which constantly changes production relations.
    • competition leads to extortion of nature and people
  29. the unification of proletariat
    groom of loomers, destroyed their machinery,
  30. labour in factories
    • disiplinary institution, comparable to army,
    • punished either by fines, salary deductions, or job loss
  31. 3 form of unemployed
    • floating able to work but cant fing employment
    • lattent; orphans or poor children
    • stagnet; disabled, demoralised.

    arrested for such
  32. 3 forms of value
    • commodities; products, price determined by social system. social labour ,
    • transfered value (other commodities used)

    money; universal value expression and measurement

    capital; money used to invest for profit
  33. cmc
    • commodity money commodity
    • production of products made for money to commodities
  34. m - m1
    money transfered into profit through production - interested - rent - profit - profit divident = m2 capital for reinvestment
  35. capitlism will strive if
    • labour power exisits
    • perputuates dehumanization and exploitation,
    • poeple can not own means of production
    • commoditu owners, those who own their prodcution means, and laboureres those who work for others
  36. primitive accumulation
    myth that man got rich by working hard. just a way of justifying inequality
Card Set:
soci theory
2011-11-17 04:54:09
carl marx

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