SYSTEMS

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Author:
MarkBeaty
ID:
117453
Filename:
SYSTEMS
Updated:
2011-11-17 01:29:20
Tags:
AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS C172 Systems UND Aerospace Mark Beaty Basic Aircraft
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Description:
Basic Aircraft Systems
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  1. Can you use lower or higher octane?
    Higher - NEVER LOWER
  2. Hydraulic system components
    • Reservoir
    • Pump
    • Actuator
    • Valves
    • Lines
    • Ex: Breaks, flaps, ailerons
  3. Avionics
    • Comm
    • NAV
    • GPS
    • Transponder
    • ADF
    • DME
    • Audio Panel
  4. System Def:
    Assembly/Combination of parts forming complex whole
  5. Types of Systems
    • Hydraulic
    • Electrical
    • Pneumatic
    • Mechanical
  6. Types of Power Plants
    • Turbine
    • Reciprocating
  7. Reciprocating Process (Four Stroke)
    • Intake
    • Compression
    • Power
    • Exhaust
  8. Cylinder Arrangement Types
    • Radial
    • Inline
    • V
    • Horizontally Opposed
  9. Engine Controls (Fixed Pitch)
    Throttle/Mixture
  10. Ignition System
    • Magnetos
    • Spark Plugs
    • Wires
    • Ignition Switch
  11. Magnetos
    • Engine Driven
    • Magnets
    • Independend of electrical system
  12. Carb Heat Side Effects
    • Enriches mixture
    • Makes engine run worse before it gets better
    • Water in cylinders
  13. Leaning - When/Why
    Above 3000msl/to keep air to fuel ratio 15:1
  14. Four situations in which to enrich the mixture
    • Using full throttle
    • Descending
    • Proximity to the ground
    • Engine cooling
  15. Types of leaning C172
    • Best Economy
    • Best Power
  16. Induction System Malfunction
    Loss of Fuel/Loss of Air
    Remedy?
    • Mixture
    • Pump
    • Carb Heat
    • Alt Air
    • Fuel Selector
  17. Oil System Purpose
    • Lubrication
    • Cooling
    • Cleaning
    • Sealing
    • Activating
  18. Oil Sysem Components
    • Pump
    • Sump
    • Filter
    • Pressure Gauge
    • Temp Gauge
    • Cooler
  19. Oil System Check - Preflight
    • Quantity
    • Type
  20. High Oil Temperature + Low Pressure
    Clogged Oil Line - Engine not recieving oil
  21. Engine cooling system components
    • Cowls
    • Fins
    • Baffles
  22. Cooling System Failure (remedy)
    • Increase airspeed
    • Enrich mixture
    • Decrease power
  23. Prop Types
    • Fixed Pitch - climb/cruise props
    • Adjustable - changable on ground
    • Controllable - changable in flight
    • Constant Speed - automatically changes
  24. Propeller Governor
    • Constant Speed Prop
    • System changes blade pitch
    • Uses oil
  25. Prop Blade Twist
    Compensates for outer part of blade traveling greator distance than inner part
  26. Fuel System Types
    • Gravity
    • Pump
  27. Fuel System Components
    • Tanks
    • Drains
    • Pumps
    • Valves
    • Gauges
    • Sumps
    • Primer
    • Quantity Guage
  28. C172 Fuel Specs
    • 56 gal capacity
    • 3 unusable
  29. Fuels/Colors
    • Avgas 80 - Red
    • Avgas 100 - Green
    • Avgas 110LL - Blue
    • Jet A - Colorless/Straw
  30. MUST DO BEFORE FUELING
    GROUND
  31. Pre-Ignition Causes/Symptoms
    • Hot Spots in Cylinder
    • Backfiring
    • Rough Running
    • High Engine Temp
  32. Detonation Definition/Symptoms
    • Air Fuel Mixture Explosion
    • High Temp
    • High Cylinder Head Temp
    • Lots of power
  33. Detonation Results from:
    • Use of lower octane
    • High power with lean mixture
    • Steep climbs
  34. Alternator C172
    • Primary source of electrical power in flight
    • 28V 60amp
  35. Ammeter
    Shows battery rate of charge/discharge
  36. Buses
    Power Distribution Points
  37. Vacuum System
    • Air for Gyroscopic Instruments
    • Attitude Indicator
    • Heading Indicator
  38. Anti-Ice vs. De-Ice
    • Anti-Ice Prevents Ice
    • De-Ice Removes Ice
  39. Flight Instruments Provide Information on?
    • Attitude
    • Altitude
    • Direction
    • Speed
  40. Types of Flight Instruments
    • Pitot Static
    • Gyroscopic
    • Magnetic Compass
    • Glass
  41. Pitot Static Instruments
    • Altimeter
    • ASI
    • VSI
  42. Gyroscopic Instruments
    • Attitude Indicator
    • Turn Coordinator
    • Heading Indicator
  43. Airspeed Malfunctions
    • Airspeed indicates zero if pitot blocked
    • Pitot blocked, static clear, airspeed increase with climb
  44. Flying into Lower Pressure = (altitude indication)
    Increased INDICATION
  45. Flying into colder air
    Increased INDICATION
  46. Calibrated Airspeed
    Airspeed Corrected for Installation/Instrument Errors
  47. True Airspeed
    Calibrated Airspeed corrected for altitude/non-standard temperature
  48. For a given Indicated Airspeed, True Airspeed ______ with increase in altitude
    Increases
  49. Turn Coordinator Displays
    Rate of turn - not bank angle
  50. Acceleration Error (compass)
    • ANDS
    • - Accelerate - points North - Decelerate - points South
  51. Turning Error
    North Lags, South Leads
  52. Indicated Airspeed
    Airspeed Indicated - No corrections

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