Chem 1211 CH.8

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pineopple
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117507
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Chem 1211 CH.8
Updated:
2011-11-17 11:48:19
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CHEM 1211
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CHEM.1211 CH.8 VOCAB WORDS
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  1. Chemical Reaction
    a chemical change produces one or more new substances

    there is a change in the composition of one or more substances
  2. Types of visable evidence of a chemical reaction
    change in color

    formation of a gas (bubbles)

    formation of a solid (ppt)

    heat (flame) produced or heat absorbed
  3. A Chemical Equation indicates
    • the materials (reactants) that are used in a chemical reaction
    • the substance that are produced (products)
  4. Combination Reaction
    • two or more elements form one product
    • simple compunds combine to form one product
  5. Decomposition reaction
    one reactant splits into two or more simpler substances
  6. Single-replacement reaction
    one element takes place of a different element in a reacting compound
  7. Double-replacement reaction
    two elements in the reactants exchange places
  8. Functional Groups
    • a characteristic feature of organic molecules that behave in a predictable way composed of an atom or group of atoms
    • replace H on a carbon chain
    • A WAY TO CLASSIFY FAMILIES OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
  9. Alkanes
    contain a double bond between adjacent carbon atoms
  10. Alkynes
    contain a triple bond between adjacent carbon atoms
  11. Aromatic compunds
    contain a benzene ring of six carbon atoms
  12. An ALCOHOL contains
    hydroxyl (-OH) functional group
  13. In an ether
    an oxygen atom is bonded to two carbon atoms
  14. In aldehyde contains
    a carbonyl group, a carbon atom with a double bond to an oxygen atom, which is attached to atleast one hydrogen
  15. In a Ketone
    the carbon of the carbonyl group is attached to two other carbon atoms
  16. Amine
    the functional group is a nitrogen atom
  17. amide
    the hydroxyl group of a carboxylic acid is replaced by a nitrogen group
  18. in a Combustion Reaction
    • an organic compound reacts with oxygen,O2
    • the products are CO2, H2O, and energy
  19. Hydrogenation
    a hydrogen atom adds to each carbon atom of a double or triple bond
  20. Methane
    CH4
  21. Ethane
    C2H6
  22. Propane
    C3H6
  23. Butane
    C4H10
  24. Pentane
    C5H12

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