Poetry Terms

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Poetry Terms
2010-03-23 17:11:10
Literary Devices

Poetry Terms
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  1. Accentual syllabic
    fixes both the number of stresses and syllables within a line or stanza
  2. Alliteration
    • consists in repeating the same consonant sound at the beginning of two or more words in close succession.
    • "Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers …"
  3. Ambiguity
    if it can be interpreted in more than one way
  4. Anapest
    • in accentual stress meters it consists of two unstressed syllables
    • followed by one stressed syllable. It may be seen as a reversed dactyl
    • Twas the night before Christmas and all through the house
  5. Assonance
    • efrain of vowel sounds to create internal rhyming within phrases or sentences
    • "Do you like blue?", the /uː/ ("o"/"ou"/"ue" sound) is repeated within the sentence and is assonant
  6. Blank Verse
    a regular meter, but no rhyme.
  7. Caesura
    a term to denote an audible pause that breaks up a line of verse
  8. Cinquain
    • A five line poetic form which consists of 2, 4, 6, 8 then 2 syllables;
    • A five line poetic form which consists of 1 noun, 2 adjectives, 3
    • actions
    • Dinosaurs
    • Lived once,
    • Long ago, but
    • Only dust and dreams
    • Remain
  9. Conceit
    • a poem that establishes a striking comparison between two dissimilar things.
    • Robert Frost's "Design"
  10. Consonance
    characterized by the repetition of the same consonant two or more times in short succession, as in "pitter patter" or in "all mammals named Sam are clammy"
  11. Couplet
    • is a pair of lines of poetry that
    • are usually rhymed.
  12. Dactyl
    • a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables
    • Picture yourself in a boat on a river withtangerine tree-ees and marmalade skii-ii-es.
  13. Dramatic Irony
    When the audience has information the character does not
  14. Ekphrasis
    A poem addressing a work of art
  15. End Rhyme
    a rhyme that occurs in the last syllables of verses
  16. Enjambment
    • the breaking of a syntactic unit (a phrase, clause, or sentence) by the end of a line or between two verses
    • I am not prone to weeping, as our sex
    • Commonly are; the want of which vain dew
  17. Figurative Language
    describe something by comparing it with something else
  18. Free Verse
    a form of poetry which refrains from meter patterns, rhyme, or any other musical pattern
  19. Hyperbole
    • is a rhetorical device in which statements are exaggerated
    • I could sleep for a year
  20. Iamb
    • a metrical foot used in various types of poetry
    • a short syllable followed by a long syllable (as in i-amb)
  21. Full Rhyme
    is when the later part of the word or phrase is identical sounding to another
  22. Intentional Fallacy
    • the assumption that the meaning intended by the author of a literary work is of primary importance.
    • it is the Contextual evidence that presents the greatest potential for intentional fallacies of interpretation
  23. Internal Rhyme
    • is rhyme that occurs in a single line of verse.
    • Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary
  24. Irony
    When the outcome is opposite of what is expected
  25. Metaphor
    An implicit comparison between two things
  26. Metonymy
    • Literal term for one thing is applied to another with which it is closely associated
    • Example- Death of a ball turret- the ball turret associated with government
  27. Objectivism
    individual persons are in direct contact with reality through sensory perception
  28. Octave
    is the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or double its frequency
  29. Onomatopoeia
    a word that imitates or suggests the source of the sound that it describes. "caarackle"
  30. Oxymoron
    Joining contradictory terms to each other in a line of poetry
  31. Paradox
    a statement that seems to be self-contradictory but is nonetheless true
  32. Pentameter
    • a line has five of these
    • da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM
  33. Personification
    giving human characteristics to non human things inanimate objects, or abstractions
  34. Quatrain
    a stanza consisting of four lines.
  35. Scansion
    the analysis of verse to show its meter
  36. Sensual Language
    Of, relating to, or derived from the senses
  37. septet
    a formation containing exactly seven
  38. sestet
    consist of an octave, of eight lines, succeeded by a sestet, of six lines
  39. setting
    the time, location, and everything in which a story takes place,
  40. Sibilance
    • The presence of strongly emphasized s, sh,
    • ch, z, j sounds in speech called sibilants. These
    • CONSONANTs are
    • created by air moving through the vocal tract and being
    • constricted by the position of the tongue and lips
  41. Simile
    an explicit comparison between two things
  42. situational irony
    When the events turn out the opposite of what is expected
  43. Slant Rhyme
    A partial or imperfect rhyme, often using assonance or consonance only, as in dry and died or grown and moon. Also called half rhyme, near rhyme, oblique rhyme, slant rhyme.
  44. Speaker
    the one speaking in a poem or story
  45. Spondee
    • a metrical foot consisting of two stressed syllables
    • White founts falling in the courts of the sunAnd the Soldan of Byzantium is smiling as they run;
  46. Stanza
    a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem
  47. Syllabics
    a syllabic character or sound
  48. symbol
    is something such as an object, picture, written word, sound, or particular mark that represents something else by association
  49. Synecdoche
    a term denoting a part of something is used to refer to the whole thing
  50. Synesthesia
    • Using the language of one sense to describe the experience of another
    • "loud shirt" "the red apple screamed"
  51. Tenor
    concept being explained in a similie. "LOVE is like a potato
  52. tercet
    composed of three lines of poetry, forming a stanza or a complete poem
  53. tetrameter
    has four measures, which are also called feet
  54. theme
    The idea about life is revealed in a work of literature
  55. tone
    how the author feels
  56. trimeter
    • a metre of three metrical feet per line—example:
    • When here // the spring // we see,
  57. trochee
    • a metrical foot used in formal poetry consisting of a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one
    • Should you ask me, whence these stories?
  58. understatement
    representing something as of much less importance or magnitude than it actually is
  59. vehicle
    thing to what it is being compared to in a simile- love is like a POTATO
  60. verbal irony
    stating the opposite of what you actually mean
  61. visual rhyme
    a similarity in spelling between words that are pronounced differently and hence, not an auditory rhyme. An example is the pair slaughter and laughter