pharmacology key terms & meds./Ch.5

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Author:
str8crzy
ID:
117584
Filename:
pharmacology key terms & meds./Ch.5
Updated:
2011-11-28 03:17:56
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pharmacology medications antibiotics
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Description:
Antibiotics and their categories
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  1. gentamicin
    • Garamycin, Jenamicin
    • (aminoglycoside)
  2. What are the five major groups of antibiotics?
    • 1. aminoglycosides
    • 2. cephalosporins
    • 3. macrolides
    • 4. penicillins
    • 5. tetracyclines
  3. tobramycin
    (Nebcin)
    Aminoglycoside
  4. neomycin
    (Neobiotic)
    Aminoglycoside
  5. kanamycin
    (Kantrex)
    Aminoglycoside
  6. cefazolin
    (Ancef, Kefzol, Zolicef)
    1st generation cephalosporin
  7. cephalexin
    (Keflex, Keflet)
    1st. generation cephalosporin
  8. cephalothin
    (Keflin)
    1st. generation cephalosporin
  9. erythromycin
    (E-mycin, ERYC)
    ????
  10. ampicillin
    (Omnipen)
    aminopenicillin
  11. amoxicillin
    (Amoxil, Polymox)
    aminopenicilllin
  12. silver sulfadiazine
    (Silvadene)
    sulfonamide(anti-microbial)
  13. metronidazole
    (Flagyl)
    antibiotic
  14. endogenous
    • the infectious microbe comes from the patient's own bacteria.
    • (i.e., Staphylococcus aureus)
  15. exogenous
    • from outside the patient.
    • (i.e., improperly cleaned or sterilized instruments.)
  16. How many liters equal a kilo?
    1000L
  17. 1 kilogram=
    2.2 pounds
  18. 1 gram=
    15 grains
  19. 1 ounce =
    30 grams
  20. 1 grain =
    60 milligrams
  21. 1 liter=
    1 quart
  22. 1 teaspoon=
    60 drops
  23. 1 minum=
    1 drop
  24. 1 meter=
    39.37 inches
  25. 1 inch =
    2.54 centimeters
  26. What is PRN drug order and give an example of what would be used in surgery.
    • given as needed
    • i.e., during septoplasty,Demerol may be administered PRN to reduce patient discomfort.
  27. List three main sources of drugs.
    • natural sources
    • chemical synthesis
    • biotechnology

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