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What is the purpose of laws, policies, and regulations?
to protect the public by ensuring providers are competent, and taxpayer dollars are being spent properly
What is a body of rules of action or conduct that has legal binding force?
What is enacted and established by the legislative department?
*federal or state level
What is an example of a federal statue?
*federal supersedes state
If a federal law doesnt exist, states make up statues. What is an example of a state statue?
PT practice acts
What are closely associated with laws?
What is the purpose of a regulation?
issued by various govt agencies to carry out the intent of the law
created by administrative units, not by legislators
What is a rule controlling the practice of individuals or organizations under the authority of an agency?
-support, clarify, further define terms of statues
-in PT regulations become more important than laws bc they specifically identify what must or can be done
What is a common law?
created by court decision
do not involve legistlative action, but result from legal cases and decisions by juries and judges regarding the outcome
certain areas of law (negligence) are primarily thru common law
What law involves prosecution in a court of law for acts done in violation of those duties which an individual owes to the community?
What law is concerned with private wrongs and remedies, is prosecuted in courts, and the outcome is for the defendant to pay monetary damages?
What do practice acts define for physical therapy?
the practice of PT in that state
certain responsibilities such as supervision or requirements to maintain a license
What is licensure?
"scope of practice" , authorizes to practice in that state
legally protects the title
What is certification?
legally protects title, but does not have a scope of practice or monopoly to provide a particular service
What is registration?
least rigorous, only requiresthe periodical update of info (name, address, qualifications)
Can you lose your license without breaking the law (alcohol impairment, etc..)?
What is a policy?
plan or course of action designed to influence and determine decisions
do not have legal implications
What is the inability to competently perform the duties of a licensed professional?
What is negligence?
failure to act as a reasonably prudent person
involves duty, breach of duty, damage to patient or their property
What is malpractice?
failure to do, or avoid doing, something that a reasonably prudent person would have done, or not done, with subsequent injury to the pt
What is the legal duty to provide a professional standard of care, and the responsibility ultimately falls on the PT?
What identifies, assesses, and minimizes, where possible, the risk of suffering harm or loss to patients, visitors, staff, and organization?
When do PTs renew their license,and how many CEUs are needed?
every two years
31st of January each even numbered year
When do PTAs renew their license, and how many CEUs are needed?
every 2 years
31st of January every odd numbered year