infection control.txt

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Author:
jpowell22
ID:
117652
Filename:
infection control.txt
Updated:
2011-11-17 23:21:19
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susan
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Description:
11-9-11
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  1. What is a tiny living animal or plant that causes disease?
    microorganism
  2. What is asepsis?
    absence of microorganisms that produce disease; the prevention of infection by maintaining sterile conditions
  3. What asepsis keeps pathogens confined to a specific area (purpose is to reduce amount of pathogens)?
    medical asepsis
  4. What asepsis is free of all microorganisms?
    surgical asepsis
  5. What type of infection is developed while in a hospital?
    nosocomial
  6. What are 6 ways nosocomial infections are spread?
    • 1.transmittion between patients hands
    • 2.soiled linen/clothing
    • 3.air movement or circulation
    • 4.improperly cleansed eating utensils
    • 5.improperly cleansed instruments/equpiment
    • 6.moisture droplets
  7. Where are microorganisms present?
    • skin
    • air
    • pt. wounds
    • throughout the environment
  8. What happens during the vehicle of transmission?
    • organism leaves the host
    • transferred to another person
    • enters other person (nose, mouth, wound)
    • person must be susceptible to organism
  9. Where do microorganisms grow best?
    • dark
    • warm
    • moist
  10. Where do microorganisms not grow at?
    • light
    • cool
    • dry
    • extreme heat
  11. What is used to sterilize contaminated objects?
    • steam
    • gases
    • uv rays
    • dry heat
  12. What are some barriers to infection?
    • 1.handwashing
    • 2.gloves/protective clothing
    • 3.proper removal of contaminated dressings/bandages
    • 4.isolation techniques
  13. What are the 3 most common means of transmission?
    • contact
    • droplet
    • airborne
  14. What type of isolation is spread primarily by close or direct contact?
    contact
  15. Skin infections, GI infections, lice, wound infections, MRSA, scabies, impetigo are all examples of what type of isolation?
    contact
  16. What isolation is spread over short distances through the air?
    airborne
  17. measles, TB, varicella are examples of what isolation?
    airborne
  18. What isolation is spread by sneezing, coughing, or talking?
    droplet
  19. Meningitis, influenza, streptococcal pharyngitis, pneumonia are examples of what isolation?
    droplet
  20. Who is being protected in protective isolation?
    patient from caregiver
  21. Who is being protected in isolation?
    caregiver from patient
  22. With what isolation is it most important to take clothes off in the specific order?
    isolation
  23. With what isolation is it most important to put clothes on properly?
    protective

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