Digestion

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Author:
mm.engalla
ID:
117716
Filename:
Digestion
Updated:
2011-11-18 13:08:44
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Chapter 13
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Description:
Nutrition
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  1. The process by which nutrients are taken into the vascular and lympatic system is:
    Transport
  2. Which substance is responsible for breaking down food in the digestion process
    Bile
  3. The primary function of mucus in the digestion process is to:
    Protect the tissues in the GI tract.
  4. One of the common causes of heartburn is:
    Improper function of the gastroesophogeal sphincter
  5. Which enzyme is responsible for breaking down fats during digestion?
    Salivary amylase
  6. Bioavailability is best defined as
    The amount of nutrients that are needed by the body
  7. An absorption process in which particles move outward in all directions from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration is called
    Simple Diffusion
  8. Which of the following type of substances are broken down to form small particles in cells is called
    catabolism
  9. Which of the following type of substances are transported via the lymphatic system?
    Fat molecules
  10. If the following substances were present in the body at the same time, which would be metabolized first?
    Alcohol
  11. The health of a community depends on which of the following factors?
    The safety of available foods and the water supply
  12. The phrase "percent daily value" on a food product label can be used to determine
    The overall value of a specific nutrient
  13. Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, flu-like symptoms, or fever are symptoms of
    Food-borne illness
  14. What is the most important food sanitation factor when purchasing foods?
    The buying and storing of food
  15. Food label regulations are the responsibility of
    FDA
  16. Flavoring agents are one example of
    Food additives
  17. The acronym WIC stands for
    Women, Infants, & Children
  18. Which factor often prevents consumers from obtaining adequate food supplies?
    Poverty
  19. Which of the following is most likely to result in food-borne illness?
    The presence of various organisms
  20. Which environmental food contaminant is found mostly in older homes and rental houses?
    Lead
  21. What does the holistic model of health focus on?
    Lifestyle and personal choice
  22. Carbohydrates should provide how much of daily kilocalorie intake?
    45%-65%
  23. What is the body's main storage form of carbs?
    Glycogen
  24. What is the body's secondary source of heat and energy?
    Fats
  25. What is the primary function of proteins?
    Tissue Building
  26. What scientific system of nutritional standard is used in the United States?
    Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI's)
  27. What new component/s of the MyPyramid food guidance system was/were added in 2005?
    • Physical Activity
    • Vertically-banded food groups
    • Discretionary calories
  28. What percentage of the population does the estimated average requirement of a nutrient cover?
    50%
  29. Which mineral is necessary for the production of hemoglobin?
    Iron
  30. Which is a possible sign of malnutrition?
    Obesity

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