Card Set Information
524, 527-531, 568-569
Can be seen.
Reacting in a heroic way in a dangerous situation.
Can not be seen, often lived through without sense of accomplishment, or reward, or aknowledgment.
Standing by a friend when its not easy.
Calling a Dr. office to get test results.
Soldier in WWII American philosopher-never afraid to talk about his feelings
: Tales of Good and Evil, Help and Harm
: institutionalized cruelty
to him virtue was
: the compassion one shows in reaching out to save others at the risk of one's own life.
Degrees of moral behavior
: Negative Command, Positive Command, and
Psychological or physical cruelty that has become so established, it seems natural to both victimizer and victim. ex nazi's treating jews like they are worthless start to think they are.
Occurs when one group is more powerful than the other and can only be helped by shifting power balance.
Only effective antidote
: hospitality offered as an act of compassion, in a way that makes it clear to the victims that their dignity is intact.
Just refraining from doing harm. involves a prohibition such as "Don't Lie" or "Don't cause harm".
Since it does not require action it is the easiest moral behavior.
to actively do something rather than merely refraining from doing something wrong.
: Helping another being is distress
Richard Taylor 536-40
American philosopher who believeswe do the right thing when our heart is in the right place, and moral principles are useless as can always find exceptions.
: Good and Evil
Virtue of compassion is the basis of ethics
Jane English 548-53
1. children don't owe their parents anything. 2. Reciprocity 3. Mutuality
Basis of Good Parent-Child relationship
: above all love & friendship 1) need of the parents 2) ability and resources of the grown child
When in debt to someone you must do something similar to return the favor.
ex. neighbors checking mail for each other when one is out of town.
Implies mutual sense of duty toward each other. Friendship is based on mutuality.
There are no debts in a friendship.
In addition to English's views on favors Berger believes that we should look at motivation.
If favor done for one's own sake there is no obligation, if done partly for your sake then some obligation should be shown.
Believes if someone does an unsolicited favor we have to show gratitude.