vitals.txt

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Author:
jpowell22
ID:
117817
Filename:
vitals.txt
Updated:
2011-11-19 15:01:37
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susan
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Description:
11-16-11
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  1. What 4 things are included in vital signs?
    • blood pressure
    • pulse
    • respiration
    • temperature
  2. How does abnormal vital signs affect pts. in physical therapy?
    less likely to tolerate activity or stress producing events
  3. What are some factors that cause change in a persons vitals?
    • level/amt of physical activity
    • environmental temperature
    • persons age
    • emotional status of person
    • physiologic status of the person
  4. What are some possible adverse/dangerous responses to activity?
    • mental confusion
    • fatigue
    • exhaustion
    • lethargy
    • slow reactions
    • decreased response
    • nausea
    • syncope/vertigo
    • diaphoresis
    • pupil changes
  5. What is syncope?
    suspension of consciousness due to cerebral anemia-fainting
  6. Whats dizziness called?
    vertigo
  7. What is diaphoresis?
    change in apperance...palor, erythema
  8. What may be the cause of adverse/dangerous pt responses?
    anoxia - not getting enough oxygen
  9. What is the normal range for oral core body temperature?
    96.8 to 99.3 (98.6 is avg)
  10. What is the normal range for rectal temperature?
    97.8 to 100.3
  11. What is another name for fever?
    pyrexic
  12. At what temperature are people with normal core temperature considered pyrexic?
    100
  13. Hyperpyrexia begins at what temperature?
    106
  14. What are 5 locations used to determine temperature?
    • oral
    • rectum
    • axilla
    • ear canal
    • inguinal fold
  15. How many serial measurements should be taken for kids under 3 years old?
    2-3
  16. What is an indirect measure of the contraction of the left ventricle of the heart and indicates the rate at which the heart is beating?
    pulse
  17. What is the normal pulse range for adults?
    60-100
  18. What is the normal pulse rate for a newborn?
    100-130
  19. What is the normal pulse rate for children ages 1-7?
    80-120
  20. What is a heart rate greater than 100?
    tachycardia
  21. What is a pulse rate below 60?
    bradycardia
  22. What diseases can change the apical and radial pulse? (no longer be equal)
    • cardiac
    • peripheral arterial
  23. What is an indirect measurement of the pressure inside the artery caused by blood flow thru the artery?
    blood pressure

    *force exerted by the blood against any unit area of the vessel wall
  24. What pressure measures BP at the time of contraction of the left ventricle?
    systolic
  25. What pressure measures the BP at the time of rest?
    diastolic
  26. What is the normal range for systolic BP?
    90-140mmHg
  27. What is the normal range for diastolic BP?
    60-80
  28. A BP of 140/90 is considered what?
    hypertensive
  29. Is systolic or diastolic hypertension worse?
    diastolic
  30. What are some factors that affect BP?
    • obesity
    • physcial inactivity
    • excessive use of nicotine
    • alcohol
    • salt
    • arteriosclerosis
    • diabetes
    • oral contraceptives
    • advanced age
    • kidney disease
    • race
    • diet
  31. People with hypertension are more suseptible to what diseases?
    • coronary artery disease
    • cerebrovascular accident
    • peripheral vascular disease
    • congestive heart failure
  32. Hypotension is systolic pressure below what?
    100
  33. What sounds are measured with a stethoscope and used to identify various phases of a persons BP?
    korotkoffs sounds
  34. What is the normal range of respirations for adults? infants?
    12-18

    30-50
  35. When are respirations considered abnormal?
    • <10
    • >20
  36. What body fat measurement is the most reliable, immerses person into tank or pool, and uses the Archimedi's principle?
    hydrostatic weighing
  37. Does low or high body fat weigh more in water?
    low body fat
  38. How do skin fold measurements work?
    • uses calipers to measure skin folds
    • 2-3 measurements at each site
    • must read calipers within 3 seconds
    • all measurements on right side while person is standing
  39. What are some site that are measured for skin fold tests?
    • chest
    • axillary
    • triceps
    • subscapular
    • abdomen
    • suprailiac
    • thigh
    • biceps
    • calf
  40. What is bioelectric impedance?
    uses electricity to measure body fat
  41. What is often used to measure edema?
    girth measurements
  42. What is volumetric displacement?
    uses a volumeter (container with spout) to imerse a foot or hand to measure edema
  43. What range of BP is considered pre-hypertensive?
    • 120-139
    • 80-89
  44. What BP range is considered HTN stage 1?
    • 140-159
    • 90-99
  45. What BP range is considered HTN stage 2?
    • 160-179
    • 100-109
  46. What BP range is considered HTN stage 3?
    • 180-209
    • 110-119
  47. What BP range is considered HTN stage 4?
    • greater than 210
    • greater than 120

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