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What 4 things are included in vital signs?
- blood pressure
How does abnormal vital signs affect pts. in physical therapy?
less likely to tolerate activity or stress producing events
What are some factors that cause change in a persons vitals?
- level/amt of physical activity
- environmental temperature
- persons age
- emotional status of person
- physiologic status of the person
What are some possible adverse/dangerous responses to activity?
- mental confusion
- slow reactions
- decreased response
- pupil changes
What is syncope?
suspension of consciousness due to cerebral anemia-fainting
Whats dizziness called?
What is diaphoresis?
change in apperance...palor, erythema
What may be the cause of adverse/dangerous pt responses?
anoxia - not getting enough oxygen
What is the normal range for oral core body temperature?
96.8 to 99.3 (98.6 is avg)
What is the normal range for rectal temperature?
97.8 to 100.3
What is another name for fever?
At what temperature are people with normal core temperature considered pyrexic?
Hyperpyrexia begins at what temperature?
What are 5 locations used to determine temperature?
- ear canal
- inguinal fold
How many serial measurements should be taken for kids under 3 years old?
What is an indirect measure of the contraction of the left ventricle of the heart and indicates the rate at which the heart is beating?
What is the normal pulse range for adults?
What is the normal pulse rate for a newborn?
What is the normal pulse rate for children ages 1-7?
What is a heart rate greater than 100?
What is a pulse rate below 60?
What diseases can change the apical and radial pulse? (no longer be equal)
- peripheral arterial
What is an indirect measurement of the pressure inside the artery caused by blood flow thru the artery?
*force exerted by the blood against any unit area of the vessel wall
What pressure measures BP at the time of contraction of the left ventricle?
What pressure measures the BP at the time of rest?
What is the normal range for systolic BP?
What is the normal range for diastolic BP?
A BP of 140/90 is considered what?
Is systolic or diastolic hypertension worse?
What are some factors that affect BP?
- physcial inactivity
- excessive use of nicotine
- oral contraceptives
- advanced age
- kidney disease
People with hypertension are more suseptible to what diseases?
- coronary artery disease
- cerebrovascular accident
- peripheral vascular disease
- congestive heart failure
Hypotension is systolic pressure below what?
What sounds are measured with a stethoscope and used to identify various phases of a persons BP?
What is the normal range of respirations for adults? infants?
When are respirations considered abnormal?
What body fat measurement is the most reliable, immerses person into tank or pool, and uses the Archimedi's principle?
Does low or high body fat weigh more in water?
low body fat
How do skin fold measurements work?
- uses calipers to measure skin folds
- 2-3 measurements at each site
- must read calipers within 3 seconds
- all measurements on right side while person is standing
What are some site that are measured for skin fold tests?
What is bioelectric impedance?
uses electricity to measure body fat
What is often used to measure edema?
What is volumetric displacement?
uses a volumeter (container with spout) to imerse a foot or hand to measure edema
What range of BP is considered pre-hypertensive?
What BP range is considered HTN stage 1?
What BP range is considered HTN stage 2?
What BP range is considered HTN stage 3?
What BP range is considered HTN stage 4?
- greater than 210
- greater than 120