Chem Chp 8-11

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haitianwifey
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117915
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Chem Chp 8-11
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2011-12-03 11:54:25
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Chem Chp 11
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Chem Chp 8-11
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  1. Acids produce what kind of ions
    H+
  2. What are some charactersitics of acids
    • Sour
    • Donate H+
    • Electrolyte
    • Red Litmus
  3. What are some characteristics of bases
    • Produce OH-
    • Accept H+
    • Electrolyte
    • Bitter, chalky taste
    • Soapy feeling
    • Blue Litmus
    • Red Phenolphthalein
  4. How do you name acids with a H and a non metal
    With the prfix hydro and ends in ic acid
  5. How do you name the acids with a H and a polyatomic ion
    • Changing the name of the polyatomic ion from ate to ic acid
    • or from ite to ous cid
  6. What is the name of this acid CH3COOH
    Acetic acid
  7. What is the name of this acid HClO2
    Chlorous acid
  8. What is the chemical formula for Nitric acid
    HNO3
  9. What is the chemical formula for Nitrous acid
    HNO2
  10. What is the chemical formula for sulfuric acid
    H2SO4
  11. What is the chemical name for H2SO3
    Sulfurous acid
  12. What is the chemical name for H2CO3
    Carbonic acid
  13. What is the chemical formula for Phosphoric acid
    H3PO4
  14. What is the chemical name for HClO3
    Chloric acid
  15. What is the chemical formula for Chlorous acid
    HClO2
  16. Bases are formed from metals in what group
    Group 1A and 2A
  17. A strong acid dissociates
    Completely
  18. Strong acids give large concentrations of
    H3O+
  19. Strong acids have weak
    conjugate bases
  20. What are the names and chemical formula of the six strong aids
    • Perchloric acid HClO4
    • Sulfuric acid H2SO4
    • Hydroiodic acid HI
    • Hydrobromic acid Hbr
    • Hydrochloric acid HCl
    • Nitric acid HNO3
  21. What are the six main weak acids
    • Hydronium ion H3O +
    • Hydrogen sulfate HSO4-
    • Nitrous acid HNO2
    • Phosphoric acid H3PO4
    • Acetic acid CH3COOH
    • Hydrofluoric acid HF
  22. Weak acids have strong
    conjugate bases
  23. What are the 4 strong bases
    • LiOH
    • NaOH
    • KOH
    • Ca(OH)2
  24. Adding an acid to pure water increases the
    [H3O]
  25. Adding a base to pure water increases the
    [OH-]
  26. Kw is equal to
    1.0 x 10-14
  27. [H3O+] is equal to
    • 1 x 10-14
    • [OH-]
  28. What is titration
    A laboratory procedure used to determine the molarity of an acid
  29. What does buffer do
    Resist changes in pH from the addition of acid or base
  30. Organic chemistry
    Is the study of carbon compounds
  31. An organic compound is
    • compound made from carbon atoms
    • has many H atoms
  32. What are some properties of organic compounds
    • Have covalent bonds
    • Low melting points
    • Low boiling points
    • Flammable
    • Not soluble in water
    • Soluble is nonpolar solvents
  33. What are some properties of inorganic compounds
    • Many ionic bonds
    • High melting point
    • High boiling point
    • Low flammability
    • Most are soluble in water
  34. In organic compounds how many valence electrons do carbon and hydrogen have
    • 4
    • 1
  35. Class or family that contains only carbon and hydrogen single bonds
    Alkanes
  36. What is an example of a condensed formula
    CH3- CH3
  37. 1 carbon chain
    Meth
  38. 2 carbon chain
    Eth
  39. 3 carbon chain
    Prop
  40. 4 carbon chain
    But
  41. The structural formula of cycloalkanes are usually represented by
    geometric figures
  42. What is the name of this alkyl group CH3-
    Methyl
  43. What is the name of this alkyl group
    CH3- CH2
  44. What is the chemical formula for the Substituent Propyl
    CH3- CH2-CH2
  45. What are some properties of alkanes
    • Nonpolar
    • Insoluble in water
    • Flammable in air
  46. What are some properties of alkanes with 1-4 carbon atoms
    • Gases at room temperature
    • Used as heating fuels
  47. What are some properties of alkanes with 5-8 carbon atoms
    • Liquid at room temperature
    • Very volatile
    • Used to make gasoline
  48. What are some properties of alkanes with 9-17 carbon atoms
    • Liquid at room temperature
    • Higher boiling points
    • Found in kerosene , diesel and jet fuels
  49. What are some properties of alkanes with 18 or more carbon atoms
    • High molar masses
    • Waxy solids at room temperature
    • Used in waxy coatings of fruits and vegetables
  50. Alkenes contain
    A double bond between carbon atoms
  51. Alkynes contain
    a triple bond
  52. An alcohol contains what functional group
    OH
  53. What four Halogens are considered haloalkanes
    • F2
    • Cl2
    • Br2
    • I
  54. What functional group does an ester have
    -O-
  55. What functional group does an aldehyde have
    Carbonyl Carbon double bond to Oxygen
  56. What is a ketone group
    The carbon of carbonyl group is attached to two other carbon atoms
  57. What is a carboxylic acid
    A carboxyl group attached to a hydroxyl group
  58. What is a ester
    A carboxyl group between two carbon atoms
  59. Amine
    The functional group is a nitrogen atom
  60. Saturated hydrocarbons have
    the maximum number of hydrogen atoms attached to each carbon atom
  61. In a cis isomer groups are attached
    on the same side of the double bond
  62. In a trans isomer the groups
    are attached on opposite sides
  63. During hydration the H atom will bond to the C with
    the more H
  64. During hydration the OH will bond to the C in the double bond with the
    fewer H
  65. What are some common uses for ethene (ethylene)
    • Plastic bottles
    • Film
    • Insulation materials
  66. What are some common uses for chloroethene (vinyl chloride)
    • Plastic pipes and tubing
    • garden hoes
    • garbage bags
  67. What are some common uses for propene (propylene)
    • Ski and hiking clothes
    • carpets
    • Artificial joints
  68. What is the starting monomer for polyethylene?
    Ethene
  69. Name the monomer used to make Teflon
    tetrafluoroethene
  70. A benzene attached to a CH3 is called
    Toluene
  71. Bezene attached to NH2 is called
    Aniline
  72. Bezene attached to an OH is called
    phenol

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