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2011-11-20 02:26:15
medical terminology chapter 16

Medical Terminology Chapter 16
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  1. anorchism
    absence of one or both testes
  2. balanitis
    inflammation of glans penis
  3. cryptorchism
    undescended testicle; failure of a testis to descend into the scrotal sac during fetal development; it most often remains lodged in the abdomen or inguinal canal, requiring surgical repair (crypt = to hide)
  4. epididymitis
    inflammation of the epididymis
  5. hydrocele
    hernia of fluid in the testis or tubes leading from the testis
  6. hypospadias
    congenital opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis (spadias = to draw away)
  7. erectile dysfunction (ED)
    failure to initiate or maintain an erection until ejaculation because of physical or psychological dysfunction; formerly termed impotence.
  8. Peyronie disease
    disorder characterized by a buildup of hardened fibrous tissue in the corpus cavernosum causing pain and a defective curviature of the penis, especially during erection.
  9. phimosis
    narrowed condition of the prepuce (foreskin) resulting in its inability to be drawn over the glans penis, often leading to infection - commonly requires cicumcision (phimo means muzzle)
  10. benign prostatic hyperplasia / hypertrophy (BPH)
    enlargement of the prostate gland; frequently seen in older men, causing urinary obstruction
  11. prostate cancer
    malignancy of the prostate gland
  12. prostatitis
    inflamation of the prostate
  13. spermatocele
    painless, benign cyctic mass containing sperm lying above and posterior to the testicle, but separate from it
  14. testicular cancer
    malignant tumor in one or both testicles commonly developing from the germ cells that produce sperm - classified in two groups according to growth potential
  15. seminoma
    most common type of the testicular tumor, composed of immature germ cells - highly treatable with early detection
  16. nonseminomas
    testicular tumors arising from more mature germ cells that have a tendency to be more aggressive than seminomas; often develop earlier in life (includes choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma, and yolk sac tumors)
  17. varicocele
    enlarged, swollen, herniated veins near the testis (varico = twisted vein)
  18. chlamydia
    most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in North America; often occurs with no symbtoms and is treated only after it has spread
  19. gonorrhea
    contagious inflamation of the genital mucous membranes caused by invasion of the gonococcus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gono = seed; rrhea = discharge)
  20. syphilis
    infectious disease caused by a spirochete transmittedby direct intimate contact that may involve any organ or tissue over time; usually manifested first on the skin with appearance of small, painless red papules that erode and form bloodless ulcers called chancres
  21. hepatitis B virus (HBV)
    virus that causes inflamation of the liver as a result of transmission through any body fluid, inclusing vaginal secretions, semen, and blood
  22. herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)
    virus that causes ulcer-like lessions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa; after initial infection, the virus lies dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress
  23. human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which permits various opportunistic infections, malignancies, and neurological diseases; contracted through exposure to contaminated blood or body fluid (e.g., semen vaginal secretions)
  24. human papilloma virus (HPV)
    condyloma acuminatum
    pl. condylomata acuminata
    virus transmitted by direct sexual contact that causes an infection that can occur on the skin or mucous membranes of the genitals; on the skin, the lesions appear as cauliflower-like warts, and on the mucuous membranes, they have a flat appearance (also known as venereal or genital warts)