Viro Final II
Card Set Information
Viro Final II
Viro Final II
Viro Final II
How is EEE, WEE, or VEE infection prevented?
Do horses make a full recover from equine encephalitis viruses?
No, permanent neurological damage
What is the vector of West Nile Virus?
Which animals are infected by West Nile Virus (3)?
What clinical signs are seen in animals infected with west nile virus (3)?
How is West Nile Virus infection diagnosed (7)?
Complement fixation test
Plaque Neutralization test
How is West Nile virus infection prevented (3)?
Recombinant (canarypox virus vectored) vaccine
West Nile-Innovator DNA vaccine
What animals are affected by Japanese encephalitis (mosquito borne disease) (4)?
Abortions in pigs
How is Japanese encephalitis diagnosed (4)?
Virus isolation (unweaned mice)
Cell culture of chicken embryo and vero cells
Serology (Virus neutralization, hemagglutination inhibition, complement fixation, IgM and IgG in CSF)
How is Japanese encephalitis infection prevented (2)?
Inactivated and attenuated vaccines
What are the four coronavirus disease patterns in swine (4)?
Porcine epidemic diarrhea
Vomiting and wasting disease
How is transmissable gastroenteritis transmitted in pigs (2)?
What are the clinical signs of transmissible gastroenteritis infection in suckling piglets (4)?
Profuse watery diarrhea
(almost 100% mortality)
What are the clinical signs of transmissible gastroenteritis infeciton in weaners and grower pigs (3)?
(Mortality is low)
How is transmissible gastroenteritis infection diagnosed (5)?
Immunofluoresence or immunoperoxidase
Virus isolation from thyroid or testicle cells
How is transmissible gastroenteritis controlled (2)?
Vaccination of naturally immune sows
Planned infection of pregnant sows 2-4 weeks before farrowing
Is there a vaccine available for Porcine Respiratory Corona virus?
How is porcine respiratory corona virus infection diagnosed (2)?
Virus isolation from primary cell culture
Demonstration of antibodies
What virus causes vomiting and wasting disease in swine?
Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis virus
What are the clinical signs of porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis virus infection in piglets under 2 weeks of age (5)?
What causes vomiting in a procine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis virus infection?
Virus replication in the ganglion distale vagi
What causes wasting in a procine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis virus infection?
Neurological disturbances of vomition center
How is a porcine hemagglutination encephalomyelitis virus infection diagnosed (2)?
Virus isolation in primary swine cell culture
How is porcine hemagglutination encephalomyelitis virus infection prevented (2)?
What virus causes Winter dysentery in cattle?
Bovine corona virus
How is winter dysentery transmitted?
What are the clinical signs of winter dysentery (5)?
Marked drop in milk production
How is winter dysentery diagnosed (2)?
Fecal samples by EM
Test serum samples taken 8 weeks apart
How is winter dysentery prevented in cattle (3)?
Isolation of newly introduced cattle for 2 weeks
Combined infection of canine coronavirus and what other virus causes a serious disease in dogs?
How is canine coronavirus transmitted?
What are the clinical signs of canine coronavirus infection (3)?
How is a canine coronavirus infection diagnosed?
Viral particles in feces by electron microscopy
How is canine coronavirus infection prevented?
Vaccine given to puppies and dogs at high risk of exposure
What is the cause of feline infectious peritonitis?
Feline enteric coronavirus (FCoV)
How is FCoV transmitted?
What percent of FCoV affected cats develop Feline infectious peritonitis?
What disease is the result of an immune-mediated reaction initiated by virus within macrophages, antiviral antibodies, and complement?
Feline infectious peritonitis
What are the three forms of feline infectious peritonitis?
Effusive, exudative wet form
Non-effusive, non-exudative, dry granulomatous form
What are the clinical signs of feline infectious peritonitis (8)?
Enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes
Nodular irregularities in the viscera
How is FIP diagnosed (4)?
Reverse transcriptase PCR
How is FIP infection prevented (2)?
Temperature sensitive mutant vaccine
What organ systems does infectious bronchitis affect in chickens (2)?
What are the clinical signs of infectious bronchitis virus infection in 1-4 week old chickens (5)?
Hypoplasia of oviduct
What organs does infectious bronchitis virus cause the most damage to (3)?
How is infectious bronchitis virus diagnosed (5)?
Virus isolation in chicken embryos
Nucleic acid analysis
How is infectious bronchitis virus infection prevented?
Attenuated live vaccines
How is turkey coronavirus transmitted?
What are the clinical signs of a turkey coronavirus infection (4)?
Loss of appetite
Atrophy of cloacal bursa
How is turkey coronavirus infection diagnosed (6)?
Virus isolation in chicken embryo
Immunoperoxidase for antigen
How can turkey coronavirus infection be prevented/eliminated (3)?
Must depopulate and clean
Keep free of birds for 3-4 weeks