Viro Final IV

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HLW
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117932
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Viro Final IV
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2011-11-19 17:04:21
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Viro Final IV
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Viro Final IV
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  1. How is equine viral arteritis prevented(2)?
    • avirulent live vaccine
    • killed vaccine
  2. What viruses cause vesicular diseases (4)?
    • Foot-and-mouth Disease
    • Swine vesicular disease
    • Vesicular stomatitis
    • Vesicular exanthema
  3. What are the seven serotypes of FMDV? (7)
    • O
    • A
    • C
    • SAT 1
    • SAT 2
    • SAT 3
    • Asia 1
  4. Which animals are considered the host for Foot and Mouth Disease (5)?
    • Cattle
    • Sheep
    • Goats
    • Swine
    • Wild mammals
  5. How is FMDV transmitted (3)?
    • Ingesting infected food (pigs)
    • Airborne
    • Mechanical transmission
  6. What are the clinical signs of FMDV (7)?
    • Salivation
    • Fever
    • Depression
    • Anorexia
    • Lameness
    • Vesicles (blisters) on the skin
    • Painful severe lesions
  7. Where in the cell does FMDV replicate?
    Cytoplasm
  8. How is FMDV diagnosed (4)?
    • Virus isolation
    • Electron microscopy
    • ELISA
    • Virus neutralization
  9. How is FMDV prevented (2)?
    • Inactivated vaccines
    • Eradication
  10. What are the clinical signs of swine vesicular disease (5)?
    • Lameness
    • Transient fever
    • Lesions on the snout, lips, and tongue
    • Vesicles b/t the heel and the coronary band
    • Encephalomyelitis - ataxia
  11. How is swine vesicular disease diagnosed (4)?
    • ELISA
    • PCR
    • Virus isolation in kidney cells
    • Mice inoculated intracerebrally
  12. How is swine vesicular disease prevented (2)?
    • No vaccines
    • Slaughter to eradicate
  13. What animals are the host for vesicular stomatitis (3)?
    • Horses
    • Cattle
    • Pigs
  14. What are the two serotypes of vesicular stomatitis virus ?
    • New Jersey
    • Indiana 1
  15. How is vesicular stomatitis transmitted (2)?
    • Sand fly (Lutzomyia shannoni)
    • Black fly (Simulildae)
  16. What are the clinical signs of vesicular stomatitis (5)?
    • Fever
    • Anorexia
    • Excessive salivation
    • Vesicles, erosions in the mouth and feet
    • Lamness
  17. How is vesicular stomatitis diagnosed?
    Cell culture (embryonated eggs or suckling mouse)
  18. Where in the cell does replication of vesicular exanthema of swine occur?
    Cytoplasm
  19. When was vesicular exanthema of swine eradicated from the US?
    1956
  20. What viruses are in the family Retroviridae (4)?
    • CAEV
    • Maedi-visna
    • Ovine Pulomnary Adenomatosis
    • Feline Immunodeficiency virus (FIV)
  21. What are the clinical signs of Caprine arthritis encephalitis virus infection (6)?
    • Arthritis
    • Encephalitis
    • Mastitis
    • Interstitial pneumonia
    • Progressive weight loss
    • Posterior paresis progresses to paralysis
  22. How is CAEV infection diagnosed?
    ELISA
  23. What are the clinical signs of Ovine pulmonary adenomatosis (5)?
    • Progressive respiratory distress
    • Accumulation of fluid within the respiratory tract
    • Moist rales
    • Weight loss
    • death
  24. How is Ovine pulmonary adenomatosis infection diagnosed (2)?
    • Clinical signs
    • PCR
  25. How is feline immunodeficiency virus transmitted (2)?
    • Bites from infected cats
    • In utero transmission
  26. Where does feline immunodeficiency virus first multiply in the body?
    Multiplies in T-lymphocytes in lymph nodes
  27. What are the clinical signs associated with Feline immunodeficiency virus infection (5)?
    • Fever
    • Enlargement of lymph nodes
    • Gingivitis
    • Stomatitis
    • Neurolgoical disorders
  28. How is Feline immunodeficiency virus infection diagnosed (2)?
    • ELISA
    • PCR
  29. How is equine infectious anemia virus transmitted (5)?
    • Stable flies
    • Mosquitoes
    • Culicoids spp.
    • Contaminated needles
    • In utero transmission
  30. What are the clinical signs associated with equine infectious anemia virus infection (6)?
    • Recurrent febrile episodes
    • Thrombocytopenia
    • Anemia
    • Edema of lower body parts
    • Abortion in mares
    • Death
  31. How is Equine infectious anemia virus infection diagnosed (4)?
    • Coggin's test
    • Immunodiffusion
    • ELISA
    • PCR
  32. How is equine infectious anemia virus infection prevented?
    • No vaccine
    • No treatment
  33. How is bovine leukosis virus transmitted (6)?
    • Saliva
    • Semen
    • Milk/Colostrum
    • Cross placental transmission
    • Flies
    • Contaminated surgical instruments
  34. What are the clinical signs associated with bovine leukosis (4)?
    • Protruding eyes
    • Gastrointestinal obstructions
    • Hind leg paralysis
    • Infertility
  35. How is bovine leukosis diagnosed (2)?
    • Elevated lymphocyte blood count
    • Specific antibodies in the serum
  36. What animals are the host for lymphoid leukosis?
    Chickens
  37. How is lymphoid leukosis in chickens transmitted (3)?
    • Embryo transmission (1-10%)
    • Contact exposure
    • Fecal oral
  38. What are the four classes of lymphoid leukosis in chickens (4)?
    • V-A- (No viremia, no antibody)
    • V-A+ (No viremia with antibody) (most chickens)
    • V+A+ (Viremia with antibody)
    • V+A- (Viremia, no antibody)
  39. What are the clinical signs associated with lymphoid leukosis in chickens (6)?
    • depression
    • Diarrhea
    • Reduced egg production
    • Emaciation
    • Tumors
    • Death
  40. How is lymphoid leukosis diagnosed in chickens (3)?
    • Tumors
    • PCR
    • ELISA
  41. How is lymphoid leukosis in chickens prevented (2)?
    • Eradication
    • No vaccine
  42. What animals are the host for Reticuloendotheliosis virus (5)?
    • Chickens
    • Turkeys
    • Ducks
    • Geese
    • Quail
  43. How is reticuloendotheliosis virus transmitted?
    Horizontal transmission
  44. What are the three non-defective strains of reticuloendotheliosis virus(3)?
    • Non-neoplastic runting
    • Acute neoplastic disease
    • Chronic neoplastic disease (B and T lymphomas)
  45. What are the clinical signs associated with the runting syndrome of reticuloendotheliosis virus (5)?
    • Loss of weight
    • Occasional paralysis
    • Abonormal feathering
    • Depression
    • Death
  46. How is reticuloendotheliosis virus infection diagnosed (2)?
    • Tumors
    • PCR
  47. How is reticuloendotheliosis virus infection prevented?
    No control measures

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