The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards.
How is equine viral arteritis prevented(2)?
- avirulent live vaccine
- killed vaccine
What viruses cause vesicular diseases (4)?
- Foot-and-mouth Disease
- Swine vesicular disease
- Vesicular stomatitis
- Vesicular exanthema
What are the seven serotypes of FMDV? (7)
Which animals are considered the host for Foot and Mouth Disease (5)?
- Wild mammals
How is FMDV transmitted (3)?
- Ingesting infected food (pigs)
- Mechanical transmission
What are the clinical signs of FMDV (7)?
- Vesicles (blisters) on the skin
- Painful severe lesions
Where in the cell does FMDV replicate?
How is FMDV diagnosed (4)?
- Virus isolation
- Electron microscopy
- Virus neutralization
How is FMDV prevented (2)?
- Inactivated vaccines
What are the clinical signs of swine vesicular disease (5)?
- Transient fever
- Lesions on the snout, lips, and tongue
- Vesicles b/t the heel and the coronary band
- Encephalomyelitis - ataxia
How is swine vesicular disease diagnosed (4)?
- Virus isolation in kidney cells
- Mice inoculated intracerebrally
How is swine vesicular disease prevented (2)?
- No vaccines
- Slaughter to eradicate
What animals are the host for vesicular stomatitis (3)?
What are the two serotypes of vesicular stomatitis virus ?
How is vesicular stomatitis transmitted (2)?
- Sand fly (Lutzomyia shannoni)
- Black fly (Simulildae)
What are the clinical signs of vesicular stomatitis (5)?
- Excessive salivation
- Vesicles, erosions in the mouth and feet
How is vesicular stomatitis diagnosed?
Cell culture (embryonated eggs or suckling mouse)
Where in the cell does replication of vesicular exanthema of swine occur?
When was vesicular exanthema of swine eradicated from the US?
What viruses are in the family Retroviridae (4)?
- Ovine Pulomnary Adenomatosis
- Feline Immunodeficiency virus (FIV)
What are the clinical signs of Caprine arthritis encephalitis virus infection (6)?
- Interstitial pneumonia
- Progressive weight loss
- Posterior paresis progresses to paralysis
How is CAEV infection diagnosed?
What are the clinical signs of Ovine pulmonary adenomatosis (5)?
- Progressive respiratory distress
- Accumulation of fluid within the respiratory tract
- Moist rales
- Weight loss
How is Ovine pulmonary adenomatosis infection diagnosed (2)?
How is feline immunodeficiency virus transmitted (2)?
- Bites from infected cats
- In utero transmission
Where does feline immunodeficiency virus first multiply in the body?
Multiplies in T-lymphocytes in lymph nodes
What are the clinical signs associated with Feline immunodeficiency virus infection (5)?
- Enlargement of lymph nodes
- Neurolgoical disorders
How is Feline immunodeficiency virus infection diagnosed (2)?
How is equine infectious anemia virus transmitted (5)?
- Stable flies
- Culicoids spp.
- Contaminated needles
- In utero transmission
What are the clinical signs associated with equine infectious anemia virus infection (6)?
- Recurrent febrile episodes
- Edema of lower body parts
- Abortion in mares
How is Equine infectious anemia virus infection diagnosed (4)?
- Coggin's test
How is equine infectious anemia virus infection prevented?
How is bovine leukosis virus transmitted (6)?
- Cross placental transmission
- Contaminated surgical instruments
What are the clinical signs associated with bovine leukosis (4)?
- Protruding eyes
- Gastrointestinal obstructions
- Hind leg paralysis
How is bovine leukosis diagnosed (2)?
- Elevated lymphocyte blood count
- Specific antibodies in the serum
What animals are the host for lymphoid leukosis?
How is lymphoid leukosis in chickens transmitted (3)?
- Embryo transmission (1-10%)
- Contact exposure
- Fecal oral
What are the four classes of lymphoid leukosis in chickens (4)?
- V-A- (No viremia, no antibody)
- V-A+ (No viremia with antibody) (most chickens)
- V+A+ (Viremia with antibody)
- V+A- (Viremia, no antibody)
What are the clinical signs associated with lymphoid leukosis in chickens (6)?
- Reduced egg production
How is lymphoid leukosis diagnosed in chickens (3)?
How is lymphoid leukosis in chickens prevented (2)?
What animals are the host for Reticuloendotheliosis virus (5)?
How is reticuloendotheliosis virus transmitted?
What are the three non-defective strains of reticuloendotheliosis virus(3)?
- Non-neoplastic runting
- Acute neoplastic disease
- Chronic neoplastic disease (B and T lymphomas)
What are the clinical signs associated with the runting syndrome of reticuloendotheliosis virus (5)?
- Loss of weight
- Occasional paralysis
- Abonormal feathering
How is reticuloendotheliosis virus infection diagnosed (2)?
How is reticuloendotheliosis virus infection prevented?
No control measures