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Feline calicivirus is associated with what complex?
Feline Respiratory Disease Complex
How is feline calicivirus transmitted (2)?
What are the clinical signs associated with feline calicivirus (4)?
- Ulceration of tongue, hard palate, or nostrils
- Pulmonary edema
- Interstitial pneumonia
- Limping syndrome
How is Rabbit Calicivirus (Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus) transmitted (4)?
- Direct contact
- Insect vectors
What are some clinical signs associated with Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus infection (3)?
How is RHDV infection diagnosed (2)?
- Virus detection in lung, spleen and liver
How is RHDV infection prevented (2)?
- Chemical disinfection (detergent and oxidizing disinfectants)
What are the clinical signs associated with Equine rhinitis A virus infection(2)?
- Watery nasal discharge
- Respiratory signs
How is equine rhinitis A virus infection diagnosed(3)?
- Electron microscopy
- Immunofluoresence or histochemistry
What are the clinical signs associated with Bovine Rhinovirus(3)?
- Serous nasal discharge
How is Bovine Rhinovirus transmitted(3)?
- Direct contact
How is bovine rhinovirus infection diagnosed?
Neutralizing antibody titer
How is duck hepatitis virus transmitted?
What are the clinical signs associated with duck hepatitis virus (4)?
- Loss of balance
- paddle spasmodically
How is duck hepatitis virus infection diagnosed (4)?
- Liver lesions
- Virus isolation (duck or chicken embryos)
- Neutralized by antiserum
How is duck hepatitis virus infection prevented (3)?
- Pest control (rats)
- Strict isolation
- Live and inactivated vaccines
What animals are the host of avian encephalomyelitis (4)?
- Japanese quail
How is avian encephalomyelitis transmitted(2)?
- Vertical transmission
Where does avian encephalomyelitis virus replicate in the body?
Intestines then spreads to nervous system
How is avian encephalomyelitis diagnosed(2)?
- Virus isolation in chicken embryos
- Cell cultures (chicken neurological cells, fibroblasts, pancreatic cells)
How is avian encephalomyelitis prevented?
Attenuated and inactivated vaccines
What viruses belong to the family Rhabdoviridae(3)?
- Vesicular Stomatitis
- Bovine Ephemeral Fever
Where does lyssavirus (rabies) replicate in the cell?
What are the different reservoirs for Rabies (7)?
- Red/Grey/Arctic fox fox
Which animals act as host for Rabies?
How is Rabies transmitted (3)?
- Introduced into bite wounds, cuts in skin
- Aerosol infection (bats)
- Tissue transplants (corneal)
Where does Rabies virus first multiply in the body?
Muscles, then moves to nervous system
What are the two clinical forms of Rabies(2)?
- Furious (mad dog syndrome)
- Dumb or paralytic
What clinical signs are associated with the furious form of rabies (5)?
- Seizures/Coma/Respiratory arrest
- Death in 2-14 days
What clinical signs are associated with the paralytic form of rabies (4)?
- Ataxia and paralysis
- Profuse salivation
- Coma/Death in a few hours
How is Rabies diagnosed (3)?
- Direct immunofluorescence on brain tissue
- Negri bodies in the brain
How is Rabies prevented- Pre/Postexposure(8)?
- Inactivated vaccines
- Purified duck embryo vaccine
- Canarypox vaccine for cats
- Human Diploid cell rabies vaccine
- Live attenuated virus vaccine
- Recombinant vaccine
- Human Rabies Immune globulin (HRIG)
- Post exposure Prophylaxis
How is Bovine Ephemeral Fever transmitted?
What is a naturally occurring neurodegenerative disease of sheep and goats?
How long is the incubation period for Scrapie?
1 year or more
What disease is characterized by deposition of an abnormal isoform of a cellular Sialoglycoprotein in neural tissue?
How is Scrapie diagnosed (3)?
- PrP-Sc detected in lymphoid tissues
- Immunohistochemistry assay
- Capillary Electrophoresis test
What are the two major codons that determine scrapie susceptibility (2)?
At what age does a bird contract the clinical disease of Infectious Bursal Disease?
3-6 weeks of age
How is Rift Valley Fever transmitted?
Which animals are the host for Rift Valley Fever (4)?
What is the main clinical sign seen in animals infected with Rift Valley Fever?
In what animals is Rota viral enteritis seen in?
Nursing and postweaning pigs
What clinical signs does Rotavirus cause in foals?