Card Set Information
Anatomy & Physiology
Red Blood Cells
Filled with hemoglobin
Oxyhemoglobin transports oxygen and carbaminohemoglobin transports carbon dioxide
RBC production is regulated by erythropoietin (senses oxygen)
White Blood Cells
Protect the body from infection by destroying disease
Classified as granulocytes and agranulocytes.
: neutrophils, basophils, & eosinophils
: lymphocytes & monocytes
Prevent blood loss
Produced in red bone marrow
: production of platelets
Involved in hemostasis
contains A antigen; can only receive A, O blood & can donate to type A, AB.
contains B antigen; can only receive B, O blood & can donate to type B, AB.
contains both A & B antigen, can receive A, B, AB, O blood; can only donate to AB (universal recipient)
contains no antigens, can receive O blood, can donate to type O, A, B, AB blood. (universal donar)
Blood plasma minus clotting proteins
Thickness of the blood
Approximate number of RBC in one microliter of blood
Basophils are granulocytes and lymphocytes are angranulocytes.
What type of blood
all types of blood? (Universal Recipient)
Type AB blood
What type of blood can be
to all types of blood?
Type O blood
Produced in red bone marrow
Produced in lymphatic tissue
Inadequate absorption of Vitamin B
another type of antigen on the red blood cell
must be considered when blood is transfused
Rh (-) person cannot receive Rh (+) blood
has the Rh antigen on the RBC membrane
does not have anti-Rh antibodies in the plasma
If a baby is born with HDN (hemolytic disease of the newborn), it means
The baby is Rh-positive & the mother is Rh-negative
Which blood type receives neither A or B blood?
Non-synthetic plasma protein
- assists in fighting infection; antibiotic that is thick & painful
The study of blood
Three general functions of blood:
delivers oxygen from the lungs to every cell in the body; nutrients, ions, hormones, etc use blood as a vehicle.
regulation of fluid and electrolyte balance, acid-base balance and body temperature.
: Protects the body from infection; contains clotting factors that help protect from blood loss.
Sickle Cell Anemia
Decreased oxygenated cells & cell death
C shape or sickle shaped
blocked blood flow through tiny blood vessels
What needs to be present when
The destruction of red blood cells which leads to the release of hemoglobin from within the red blood cells into the blood plasma.
Bile pigments that are tightly bound to albumin (various clotting factors, antibodies, & complement proteins)
Removed from the liver into bile which reach the intestines & excreted from the body in the feces.
What makes stool brown.
formation in the red bone marrow
- ends of long bones such as the femur and in flat & irregular bones such as the sternum, craniam bones, vertebrae, & pelvis
formation in the lymphatic organs
Deficiency in WBC
What is it called when you cannot produce enough blood cells & what can it lead to?
It leads to anemia/aplastic anemia
Dead neutrophils (WBC) :
antigen-antibody reaction that occurs when blood is mismatched.
Process that stops bleeding
Involves three events:
Blood vessel spasm
: contraction of smooth muscle in blood vessel that causes decrease in blood flow to the vessel
Formation of the platelet plug:
diminishes bleeding at the injured site when blood vessel is torn.
seals off the opening in the injured blood vessel and stops the bleeding.
Small layers of cells between the plasma and the RBC
consists of WBC and platelets