Card Set Information

2011-11-19 23:48:20

pt national study
Show Answers:

  1. analgesic:
    agent that relieves pain without causing loss of consciousness (Tylenol, Advil, Motrin)
  2. anesthetic:
    produces lack of feeling either local or general depending upon type and how administered (lidocaine, Xylocaine, Novocain)
  3. antacid:
    neutralizes acid (Amphojel, Gelusil, Mylanta, Milk of Magnesia)
  4. anthelmintics:
    used to treat worm infections
  5. anti-impotence:
    used to treat erectile dysfunction
  6. anti-infective:
    kills and inhibits growth of bacteria
  7. anti-inflammatory:
    prevents inflammation (Advil, Motrin, Naprosyn)
  8. antianemic:
    prevents or cures anemia
  9. antianginal:
    prevents or relieves angina attacks
  10. antianxiety:
    relieves anxiety and muscle tension (Librium, Valium)
  11. antiarrhythmic:
    controls cardiac arrhythmias (lidocaine HCl, Xylocaine, Inderal)
  12. antibiotic:
    destroys or inhibits growth of microorganisms (Kelfin, Rocephin, Pentids, penicillins, Augmentin)
  13. anticholinergic:
    blocks parasympathetic nerve impulses; decreases oral and respiratory secretions (atropine, Artane)
  14. anticoagulant:
    prevents or delays blood clotting (heparin, warfarin, Coumadin)
  15. anticonvulsant:
    prevents or relieves convulsions / seizures (Tegretol, Zarontin, Dilantin)
  16. antidepressant:
    prevents or relieves symptoms of depression (Tofranil, Marplan, Nardil)
  17. antidiabetic:
    used to manage diabetes
  18. antidiarrheal:
    prevents or relieves diarrhea; inhibits peristalsis and reduces fecal volume (Keopectate, Lomotil, Pepto-Bismol)
  19. antidote:
    counteracts poisons and their effects (Narcan)
  20. antidysrhythmic:
    controls and prevents cardiac dysrhythmias
  21. antiemetic:
    prevents or relieves nausea and vomiting (Dramamine, Marinol, Phenergan, Reglan, Tigan)
  22. antiflatulent:
    relieves gas and bloating in GI tract
  23. antifungal:
    destroys or inhibits the action of histamine (Diflucan, Lamisil, Lotrimin, Monistat, Nizoral, Terazol)
  24. antifungal:
    kills or inhibits growth of fungi
  25. antigout:
    inhibits production of uric acid
  26. antihistamine:
    acts to prevent the action of histamine (allergies) (Allegra, Benadryl, Dimetane)
  27. antihyperlipidemic:
    used to lower abnormally high blood levels of fatty substances (lipids). (Lipitor, Lopid, Mevacor, Nicobid, Zocor)
  28. antihypertensive:
    prevents or controls high blood pressure (Catapres, Aldomet, Lopressor)
  29. antimanic:
    used for treatment of manic episode of manic-depressive and bipolar disorder (lithium)
  30. antimigraine:
    causes vasoconstriction in large intracranial arteries
  31. antineoplastic:
    prevents the replication of neoplastic cells; used to treat tumors (Myleran, Cytoxan)
  32. antiparkinsonian:
    used for palliative relief of major symptoms of Parkinson disease (L-Dopa, Requip, Symmetrel, Tasar)
  33. antiprotozoal:
    destroys protozoa
  34. antipsychotic:
    used to treat psychotic disorders
  35. antipyretic:
    reduces fever (Tylenol, aspirin)
  36. antiretroviral:
    used to manage HIV infections
  37. antispasmodic:
    controls hypermotility in IBS
  38. antituberculosis:
    used in treatment of tuberculosis; inhibits growth of mycobacteria (INH, Myambutal, Mycobutin, Priftin, PZA, Rifadin, Streptomycin)
  39. antitumor necrosis factor: seems to slow if not halt altogether the destruction of joints by disrupting the activity of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) (Enbrel)
  40. antitussive:
    prevents or relieves cough (codeine, dextrometorphan)
  41. antiulcer:
    used in treatment of active duodenal ulcer and for pathological hypersecretory; controls stomach acid (Axid, Pepcid, Tagamet, Zantac)
  42. antiviral:
    combats a specific viral disease (e.g. herpes) (Denavir, Famivir, Relenza, Retrovir, Tamiflu, Zovirax)
  43. bone resorption inhibitor:
    treat and prevent osteoporosis
  44. bronchodilator:
    dilates the bronchi (Proventil, Isuprel)
  45. cardiac glycoside:
    exerts a positive inotropic effect on the heart; increases strength and force of contractions and slows heart rate (Digitalis preps)
  46. contraceptive:
    device, method or agent that prevents conception
  47. corticosteroid:
    supresses inflammation and modifies normal immune response
  48. COX-2 Inhibitor:
    inhibits cyclooxygenase (COX-2) enzyme found in joints and other areas affected by inflammation
  49. decongestant:
    reduces nasal congestion and/or swelling; produces vasoconstriction (Afrin, Sudafed)
  50. disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs):
    may influence the course of disease progression of rheumatoid arthritis (Arava, Cuprimine, Cytoxan, Rheumatrex, Ridaura)
  51. diuretic:
    increases the excretion of urine (Diuril, Lasix, Osmitrol)
  52. electrolyte replacement:
    treats or prevents electrolyte depletion
  53. emetic:
    used to induce vomiting (Apomorphine HCl, Ipecac syrup)
  54. expectorant:
    facilitates removal of secretion from broncho-pulmonary mucous membrane (Robitussin, Mucinex)
  55. gastric acid-pump inhibitor:
    supresses gastric acid secretions; also used for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (Aciphex, Prevacid, Prilosec, Protonix)
  56. hemostatic:
    controls or stops bleeding (Amicar, Humafac, vitamin K)
  57. hormone replacement (HRT):
    treat vasomotor symptoms of menopause
  58. hypnotic:
    produces sleep or hypnosis; depresses CNS (chloral hydrate, Placidyl, Seconal)
  59. hypoglycemic:
    lowers blood glucose level (Diabinese, insulin)
  60. immunologic:
    induces immunity and prevents infectious diseases; stimulates body to produce antibodies (DTP, MMR, Engerix-B, Varivax)
  61. immunosuppressant:
    treat and prevent rejection of transplanted organs
  62. laxative:
    loosens and promotes normal bowel elimination; relieves constipation (Dulcolax, Metamucil)
  63. leukotriene receptor antagonist blocker:
    used for treatment and management of asthma (Singulair, Zyflo, Accolate)
  64. lipid-lowering agent:
    lowers cholesterol
  65. mucolytic:
    breaks chemical bonds in mucus, lowering the viscosity (Mucomyst)
  66. muscle relaxant:
    produces relaxation of skeletal muscle (Norflex, Paraflex, Robaxin, Skelaxin, Valium)
  67. neuroleptic:
    modifies psychotic behavior (Risperdal, Zyprexa, Stelazine)
  68. ophthalmic anti-infective:
    treat eye infections
  69. otic preparations:
    treat ear conditions
  70. platelet inhibitor:
    inhibits the ability of platelets to adhere to each other; similar to coagulant
  71. sedative:
    produces calming effect without causing sleep; depresses CNS (Amytal, Buticaps, phenobarbital)
  72. selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs):
    selectively inhibits serotonin reuptake and results in potentiation of serotonergic neurotransmissions (Luvox, Paxilo, Prozac, Zoloft)
  73. serotonin nonselective reuptake inhibitor (SNRI):
    inhibits the reuptake of both serotonin and norepinephrine (Effexor)
  74. smoking deterrent:
    used to manage nicotine withdrawl
  75. thrombolytic:
    dissolves an existing thrombus (clot) when administered soon after its occurence (Abbokinase, Activase, Eminase, Kabikinase, Streptase)
  76. thyroid hormone:
    increases basic metabolic rate
  77. vasodilator:
    produces relaxation of blood vesels; lowers BP (Isordil, nitroglycerin)
  78. vasopressor:
    produces contraction of muscles of capillaries and arteries; elevates BP; used to treat allergic reactions (Aramine, Levophed)
  79. weight control agent:
    used to manage obesity