Medterm Ch 17

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deguzm
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118030
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Medterm Ch 17
Updated:
2011-11-20 03:31:41
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Medical Terminology Chapter 17
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Female Gynecological Symptomatic Terms
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  1. amernorrhea
    absence of menstruation
  2. anovulation
    absence of ovulation
  3. dysmenorrhea
    painful menstruation
  4. dyspareunia
    painful intercourse
  5. leukorrhea
    abnormal white or yellow vaginal discharge
  6. menorrhagia
    excessive bleeding at the time of menstruation
  7. metrorrhagia
    bleeding from the uterus at any time other than normal menstruation
  8. oligomenorrhea
    scanty menstrual period
  9. oligo-ovulation
    irregular ovulation
  10. cervicitis
    inflammation of the cervix
  11. congenital anomalies
    birth defects causing the abnormal development of a female organ or structure (eg double uterus, absent vagina)
  12. dermoid cyst
    congenital tumor composed of displaced embryonic tissue (teeth, bone, cartilage, and hair) more commonly found in an ovary; usually benign
  13. displacement of uterus
    displacement of the uterus from its normal position
  14. anteflexion
    abnormal forward bending of the uterus
  15. retroflexion
    abnormal backward bending of the uterus
  16. retroversion
    backward turn of the whole uterus - also called tipped uterus
  17. endometriosis
    condition characterized by migration of portions of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity
  18. endometritis
    inflammation of the endometrium
  19. fibroid / fibromyoma / leiomyoma
    benign tumor in the uterus composed of smooth muscle and fibrous connecitve tissue
  20. fistula
    abnormal passage such as from one hollow organ to another
  21. rectovaginal fistula
    abnormal opening between the vagina and rectum
  22. vesicovaginal fistula
    abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina
  23. cervical neoplasia
    abnormal development of cervical tissue cells
  24. (CIN) Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia / Cervical dysplasia
    potentially cancerous abnormality of epithelial tissue of the cervix, graded according to the extent of abnormal cell formation: CIN 1= mild, 2= moderate, 3= severe dysplasia
  25. carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the cervix
    malignant cell changes of the cervix that are localized without any spread to adjacent structures
  26. menopause
    cessation of menstrual periods owing to a lack of ovarian hormones
  27. oophoritis
    inflammation of one or both ovaries
  28. parovarian cyst
    cyst of the fallopian tube
  29. pelvic adhesions
    scarring of tissue within the pelvic cavity as a result of endometriosis, infection, or injury
  30. pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
    inflammation of organs in the pelvic cavity usually including the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and endometrium - most often caused by bacteria
  31. pelvic floor relaxation
    relaxation of supportive ligaments of the pelvic organs
  32. cystocele
    pouching of the bladder into the vagina
  33. rectocele
    pouching of the rectum into the vagina
  34. enterocele
    pouching sac of peritoneum between the vagina and rectum
  35. urethrocele
    pouching of the urethra into the vagina
  36. prolapse
    descent of the uterus down the vaginal canal
  37. salpingitis
    inflammation of a fallopian tube
  38. chlamydia
    most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in N. america; often occurs with no symptoms and is treated only after it has spread, eg as to cause PID
  39. gonorrhea
    contagious inflammation of the genital mucous membranes caused by invasion of the gonococcus
  40. syphillis
    infectious disease caused by a spirochete transmitted by direct intimate contact that may involve any organ or tissue over time; usually manifested first on the skin with the appearance of small, painless red papules that erode from bloodless ulcers called chancres
  41. Hepatitis B virus (HBV)
    virus causing inflammation of the liver as a result of transmission through any body fluid, including vaginal secretions, semen, and blood
  42. Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)
    virus causing ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa; after initial infection, the virus lies dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress
  43. human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    virus causing AIDS, permitting various opportunistic infections, malignancies, and neurological diseases -- contracted through exposure to contaminated blood or body fluid (eg semen, vaginal secretions)
  44. Human papilloma virus (HPV)
    / Condyloma acuminatum
    virus transmitted by direct sexual contact that causes an infeciton that can occur on skin or mucous membranes of genitals;

    on the skin, lesions appear as cauliflower-like warts and on the mucous membranes, they have a flat appearance (aka venereal or genital warts)
  45. vaginitis
    inflammation of the vagina with redness, swelling, and irritation -- often caused by a specific organism eg Candida (yeast) or Trichomonas (sexually transmitted parasite)
  46. atrophic vaginitis
    thinning of the vagina and loss of moisture owing to depletion of estrogen, which causes inflammation of tissue
  47. vaginosis
    infection of the vagina with little or no inflammation characterized by a milk-like discharge and an unpleasant odor - also known as nonspecific vaginitis

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