Criminal Justice midterm
Card Set Information
Criminal Justice midterm
Intro To CJ
what is the uniform Crime Report?
A statistical summary of crimes reported to the police, then reported to the FBI
what is mens rea?
If a person has a guilty mind or a blameworthy state of mind
what is the exclusionary rule
when illegally obtained evidence is excluded at trial
an officers demeanor and behavior are
the most important elements in determining if citizens will respect and obey officers during an encounter
Police work is reactive which means
police respond to citizens calls for service
the right to an attorney is what
part of the miranda warnings given to arrested suspects
what did the supreme court decide in Tennessee v. Gardner (1985)?
The supreme court riled that police are not to use deadly force in apprehending unarmed fleeing felons
It is legal for public police officers to work for private security firms and they retain their powers and status as police personnel? True/False?
what is the crime control model?
A model that makes greater use of incarceration, longer sentencing, mandatory sentences and strict supervision of probationers and parolees
In the case of Mapp v. Ohio (1961), the supreme court
created the exclusionary rule as it related to unreasonable search and seizures
preventing crime is a goal of what?
the american criminal justice system
criminal justice officials are limited by the constitutional rights of individuals? True/false
discretion exists, and its use limits the values of the american system true false?
very few suspects who are arrested are then prosecuted, tried and convicted? True/False
what does the routine activities theory explain?
why some people are more likely to be victimized than others
in 2005, President George W. Bush appointed which of the following two individuals to the Supreme Court?
John Roberts and Samuel Alito
Right to a Grand Jury has not been what?
nationalized upon the states
according to the supreme court police can use deadly force when?
a fleeing suspect poses a significant threat of death or serious injury to the public
"grass eaters" are police officers who?
regularly accept payoffs that the routines of police work bring their way.
tennessee v. garner struck down the " " rule
police officers who act improperly must be responsible for their actions. This is known as:
Why is the Public image of the police important?
police need citizen cooperation to investigate crime
if a citizen gives a police officer consent to search his or her property, then
the officer no longer needs a search warrant
why does the Fifth amendment contain the privilege against self-incrimination?
to discourage police officers from using violent or coercive means to get suspects to confess
how does the U.S. supreme court define a "search"?
an action by a law enforcement official that intrudes upon people's "reasonable expectations of privacy"
all arrests must be supported by
what is a written statement confirmed by oath or affirmation?
the exclusionary rule was created by the judiciary to prevent police misconduct? true or false?
In what community would you most likely find the service style of policing?
middle class suburban
the book fixing broken windows hypothesized that:
focusing on minor offenses would reduce violent crime
what are three historical periods of policing?
political, Professional and community model
these units from the core of the modern police department
patrol and investigation
Lacking a chain of command, police officers make decisions "on the street" with no input from supervisors does not help define the police bureaucratic system? True or False
what are the two elements that define a police officer's working personality?
danger and authority
what activity do officers usually spend the most time doing in the course of a shift?
In how many instances does rapid police response really make a difference?
a small fraction
which of the following is NOT a function of a well-organized police department?
-clear lines of authority
-division of labor
-each working separately to achieve goals
- unity of command
- link duties with appropriate authority
each working separately to achieve goals
what is an example of proactive strategy?
why is accreditation a valid method of increasing officer accountability?
departments must meet national standards on officer behavior
force usually involves an officer's weapon? true/false
Proponents of the Rotten Apple theory of police corruption believe that?
a few rotten apples in a police department should not taint an entire police force
why are some Americans critical of the USA patriot Act?
it increases the ability of the government to conduct warrantless searches and wiretaps