BIOL 223 Chapter 14-3

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christophertkennedy
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118150
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BIOL 223 Chapter 14-3
Updated:
2011-11-20 17:23:54
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anatomy physiology brain
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Study Cards for Chapter 14 BIOL 223 CSN
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  1. List the three components of the diencephalon.
    • epithalamus
    • thalamus
    • hypothalamus
  2. What is the function of the habenular nuclei?
    emotional response to odors
  3. What hormone is secreted by the pineal gland and what role does that hormone play in the human body?
    • melatonin
    • regulates your daily sleeping and waking cycles
  4. The primary function of the thalamus is to act as an:
    information filter
  5. The region of the brain which determines what sensory information you are made aware of and what gets "tuned out" is called the:
    thalamus
  6. List the five groups of paired nuclei in the thalamus.
    • anterior
    • medial
    • ventral
    • lateral
    • posterior
  7. List three functions of the anterior nuclei of the thalamus discussed in class.
    • component of the limbic system
    • memory
    • emotion
  8. List the two functions of the medial nuclei of the thalamus discussed in class.
    • sends emotional output to the prefrontal cortex
    • awareness of emotion
  9. The nuclei group of the thalamus that sends information to the primary somatosensory cortex is the:
    ventral group
  10. What type of information is filtered by the ventral nuclei of the thalamus?
    tactile information
  11. The lateral group of nuclei in the thalamus is part of the limbic system and sends sensory output to the:
    association areas
  12. List the two components of the medial nuclei.
    • medial geniculates
    • lateral geniculates
  13. Which component of the posterior nuclei group of the thalamus relays auditory signals to the auditory cortex?
    the medial geniculates
  14. Which component of the posterior nuclei group of the thalamus relays visual signals to the visual cortex?
    the lateral geniculates
  15. Which two groups of paired nuclei of the thalamus play a role in the limbic system?
    • anterior group
    • lateral group
  16. What are the two functions of the mamillary nuclei in the hypothalamus?
    • relay between limbic system and thalamus
    • long-term memory
  17. Which nucleus of the hypothalamus regulates emotion and pain control?
    posterior nucleus
  18. The dorsomedial nucleus of the hypothalamus regulates:
    rage and other emotions
  19. What are the two components of the epithalamus discussed in class?
    • habenular nuclei
    • pineal gland
  20. Your satiety center is located in which hypothalamic nucleus?
    ventromedial nucleus
  21. Which nucleus of the hypothalamus regulates appetite and releases hormones that control the pituitary gland?
    arcuate nucleus
  22. The paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus produces:
    oxytosin
  23. The thirst center and internal thermostat of the human body is located in which hypothalamic nucleus?
    anterior nucleus
  24. The supraoptic nucleus produces the hormone:
    antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
  25. Which hypothalamic nucleus is involved in the hormonal regulation of reproduction?
    preoptic nucleus
  26. The suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus regulates your:
    daily circadian patterns
  27. Information that effects the pineal gland to produce melanin comes from receptors in the:
    retina
  28. List the five nuclei of the hypothalamus named by anatomical postitional terms.
    • anterior
    • paraventricular
    • ventromedial
    • dorsomedial
    • posterior
  29. List the five nuclei of the hypothalamus named for location/function.
    • mamillary
    • arcuate
    • supraoptic
    • preoptic
    • suprachiasmatic
  30. Whic structure of the brain controls the entire body through hormone and physical control?
    the hypothalamus

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