History chpt 10 vocab

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kelly
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118164
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History chpt 10 vocab
Updated:
2011-12-08 03:29:39
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History
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Muslim Civilizations
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  1. Nomadic herders who traveled through the Arabian Desert to reach seasonal pasturelands
    Bedouins
  2. Born in Mecca in 570 AD, he would marry Khadija and meet the angel Gabriel
    Muhammad
  3. Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Yathrib (Medina) in 622 AD
    hijra
  4. Muhammad destroyed the idols in this temple which Abraham built to worship Allah
    Kaaba
  5. The sacred text of Islam
    Quran
  6. Houses of Islamic worship
    mosque
  7. Every Muslim must make this traditional pilgrimage to Mecca at least once
    hajj
  8. In Arabic it means "to struggle in God's service"
    jihad
  9. This body of Islamic law regulates moral conduct, family life, businessm, and government
    Sharia
  10. Muhammad's father-in-law and the first caliph in Islam
    Abu Bakr
  11. Title given to the successors of Muhammad
    caliph
  12. They believe that the true successors to the
    prophet are descendants of Fatima and Ali
    Shiites
  13. They believe Muhammad's successor can be any pious
    male from the prophet's tribe
    Sunnis
  14. This tradition sought communion with God through
    meditation, fasting, and rituals
    Sufis
  15. After the death of Ali, this powerful Meccan
    dynasty of Sunni caliphs ruled till 750 AD
    Umayyad
  16. Abu-al-Abbas founded this dynasty which lasted
    until 1258 AD
    Abbasid
  17. The second Abbasid caliph chose this site in present-day Iraq, to be his new capital
    Baghdad
  18. Muezzins climb to the tops of these slender towers to call the faithful to prayer five times a day
    minaret
  19. In the Seljuk Turkish language, it means "ruler."
    The Perisan word for "Muslim ruler"
    sultan
  20. Known as Avicenna in Europe, this famous Persian physician became a doctor at 16 and wrote the CANON ON MEDICINE
    Ibn Sina
  21. The ability to move up in social class
    social mobility
  22. The poet who wrote a history of Persia called BOOK OF KINGS
    Firdawsi
  23. This Muslim astronomer and scholar wrote THE RUBAIYAT
    Omar Khayyam
  24. The art of beautiful handwriting
    calligraphy
  25. Known as Averoes in Europe, this Muslim philosopher and scholar put all knowledge to the test except for the Quran
    Ibn Rushd
  26. This Arab thinker set standards for the scientific study of history, and stressed economics and social structure as causes of important events
    Ibn Khaldun
  27. This great Muslim mathematician pioneered the study of algebra
    Al-Khwarizmi
  28. This head physician at Baghdad's chief hospital conducted a pioneering study of measles and small pox
    Al-Razi
  29. The Sultan of Ghur defeated Hindu armies across the north and made this city his capital
    Delhi
  30. In 1398 after he plundered and devastated the northern plain, it was said "not even a bird on the wing moved."
    Tamerlane
  31. The Indian holy man Nanak created this new religion which gracefully blended Islam with Hinduism
    Sikhism
  32. In 1526 he swept away the remnants of the Delhi Sultanate and set up the Mughal dynasty
    Babur
  33. The successors of the Sultan of Ghur would build this empire which lasted from 1206 to 1526 and marked the start of Muslim rule in northern India
    Delhi Sultanate
  34. Known for his tolerant policies, he was the chief builder of the Mughal Empire
    Akbar
  35. Shah Jahan built this breathtaking Persian memorial for his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal
    Taj Mahal
  36. A Turkish speaking nomadic people who migrated from Central Asia into Asia Minor
    Ottomans
  37. The new name for Constantinople
    Istanbul
  38. Under this sultan, the Ottoman Empire enjoyed a golden age
    Suleiman
  39. The elite force of the Ottoman army
    janizary
  40. This Persian dynasty was sandwiched between Mughal India and the Ottoman Empire
    Safavid
  41. The shah who revived the glory of ancient Persia from 1588-1629
    Shah Abbas
  42. This new Safavid capital became a center of the international silk trade
    Isfahan
  43. This new dynasty would defeat the Safavids and gain control of Iran
    Qajars
  44. Another word for "local Hindu rulers"
    rajah

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