NRSG 100 Ch.6 Values, Ethics, Advocacy

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NRSG 100 Ch.6 Values, Ethics, Advocacy
2011-11-20 20:36:50
key terms

Key term defintions
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  1. belief about the worth of something, about what matters, that acts as a standard to guide one's behavior
  2. organization of values in which each is ranked along a continuum of importance, often leading to a personal code of conduct
    Value System
  3. process by which people come to understand their own values and value system
    Values Clarification
  4. systematic inquiry into principles of right and wrong conduct, of virtue and vice, and of good and evil as they relate to conduct and human flourishing
  5. refers to personal of communal standards of right and wrong
  6. encompassing a number of fields and disciplines grouped under the rubric "the life sciences"
  7. branch of bioethics literally concerned with ehtical problems "at the bedside," that is, ethical concersn that arise within the context of caring for actual patients, wherever they are found
    Clinical Ethics
  8. the formal study of ethical issues that arise in the practice of nursing and of the analysis used by nurses to make ethical judgments
    Nursing Ethics
  9. the rightness or wrongness of an action depends on the consequences of the action
  10. an action is right or wrong independent of its consequences
  11. combines elements of both utilitarian and deontologic theories and offers specific action guides for practice
    Principle-Based Approach
  12. self-determination; respect the rights of patients or their surrogates to make healthcare decisions
  13. avoid causing harm
  14. benefit the patient, and balance benefits against risks and harms
  15. give each his or her due; act fairly
  16. keep promises
  17. these arise when attempted adherence to basic ethical prinicples results in two conflicting courses of action
    Ethical Dilemmas
  18. attention is directed to the specific situatinos of individual patients viewed within the context oftheir life narrative
    Care-Based Approach
  19. particular type of ethical approach popular among nurses; aims to critique existing patterns of oppression and domination in society, especially as these affect women and the poor
    Feminist Ethics
  20. unrealistic assumption that the simple desire to be a nurse is accompanied by the natural ability to behave in an ethical way and to do the ethically right thing because it is teh right thing to do
    Ethnical Agency
  21. set of principles that reflect the primary goals, values, and obligations of the profession
    Code of Ethics
  22. occurs when the nurse knows the right thing to do but either personal or institutional factors make it difficult to follow the correct course of action
    Ethical Distress
  23. acting for patients without their consent to secure good or prevent harm
  24. the protection and support of another's rights