Microbiology Chapter 16

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Author:
aji
ID:
118204
Filename:
Microbiology Chapter 16
Updated:
2011-11-20 23:25:34
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itsaji PHCC
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Description:
Nonspecific Defenses of the Host
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  1. Lack of resistance to a disease
    Susceptibility
  2. Ability to ward off disease
    Immunity
  3. Defenses against any pathogen
    Innate immunity (Non-specific)
  4. Immunity, resistance to a specific pathogen
    Adaptive immunity (Specific)
  5. The ___ & ___ are the bodies first line of defense against pathogens involving both mechanical and chemical factors.
    skin and mucus membranes
  6. ___ is a connective tisue
    Dermis
  7. ___ is epithelial tissue containing keratin
    Epidermis
  8. Keratin, a protective ___
    protein
  9. ___ has antimicrobial properties against Gram positive bacteria.
    Lysozyme
  10. ___ is present in in perspiration, tears, saliva, and urine, nasal secretions
    Lysozyme
  11. Low pH 1.2–3.0 is of ___
    gastric juice
  12. Low pH 3–5 is of ___
    vaginal secretions
  13. Blood has ___
    transferrins
  14. During infection Leukocyte number can go up causing ___
    Leukocytosis
  15. Some infections can cause leukocytes to go down called ___
    Leukopenia
  16. All phagocytes are leukocytes but ___
    not all leukocytes are Phagocytes.
  17. Granulocytes are
    • Neutrophil
    • Eosinophil
    • Basophil
  18. Non Granulocyte are
    monocytes
  19. Types of macrophage
    • Wandering macrophages
    • Fixed macrophages
  20. Gram-negative endotoxin cause phagocytes to release ___
    interleukin–1 (IL–1)
  21. Hypothalamus releases prostaglandins that reset the hypothalamus to ___
    a high temperature
  22. ___ intensifies the effect of Anti Viral Protein
    fever
  23. ___ is a antiviral proteins
    Interferons
  24. __ are sbustance that scavange available iron in blood stream
    Transferons
  25. Fever 44-46'C is __
    fatal
  26. ___Increases bodies metabolism
    fever

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