NRSG 100 Ch.7 Legal Implications of Nursing

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llinderl
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118205
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NRSG 100 Ch.7 Legal Implications of Nursing
Updated:
2011-11-20 21:09:30
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  1. enacting by legislative body; must be in keeping with both the federal constitution and the state constitution
    Statutory Law
  2. a body of law evolved dfrom court-made law
    Common Law
  3. process of bringing and trying a lawsuit
    Litigation
  4. the person or government bringing suit against another
    Plaintiff
  5. the one being accused of a crime or tort
    Defendant
  6. ways in which professional competence is ensured and maintained
    Credentialing
  7. process by which a state determines that a candidate meets certain minimum requirements to practice in the profession and grants a license to do so
    Licensure
  8. process by which a person who has met certain criteria established by a nongovernment association is granted recognition in a specified practice area
    Certification
  9. a violation punishable by the state
    Crime
  10. subject to action in a civil court with damages usually being settled with money
    Tort
  11. a less serious crime than a felony; commonly punishable with fines, imprisonment for less than 1 year, or both, or with parole
    Misdemeanor
  12. crime punishable by imprisonment in a state or federal penitentiary for more than 1 year
    Felony
  13. a threat or attempt to make bodily contact with another person without that person's consent
    Assault
  14. an assault that is carried out and includes willful, angry, and violent or negligent touching of another person's body or clothes or anything attached to or held by that other person
    Battery
  15. an intentional tort in which one party makes derogatory remarks about another that diminish the other party's reputation
    Defamation of Character
  16. willful and purposeful misrepresentation that could cause, or has caused, loss or harm to a person or property
    Fraud
  17. defined as performing an act that a reasonbly prudent person under similar circumstances would not do or, conversely, failing to perform an act that a reasonably prudent person under similar circumstances would do
    Negligence
  18. term genearlly used to describe negligence by professional personnel
    Malpractice
  19. when placed under oath, must base their testimony on only firsthand knowledge of the incident and not on assumptions
    Fact Witness
  20. a nurse called to explain to the judge and jury what happened based on the patient's record and to offer an opinion about whether the nursing care met acceptable standards; need solid educational background and strong clinical experience comparable with those of the nurse defendant
    Expert Witness
  21. effort made by a member or past member of an organization to deliver a warning to the public concerning a serious wrongdoing or danger created or masked by the organization
    Whistle-Blowing
  22. an unexpected occurrence involving death or serious physical or psychological injury, or the risk thereof
    Sentinel Event
  23. process by which an educational program is evaluated and recognized as having met certain standards
    Accreditation

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