Psych Ch.11 and 12

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bry2011
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118244
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Psych Ch.11 and 12
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2011-11-28 20:28:40
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Chapter 11 and 12 study guide
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  1. What is Id?
    ( it represent physiological drives and is fully unconscious)
    The psychic structure, present at birth, that represents physiological drives and is fully unconscious.
  2. What is Ego?
    (The second psychic structure)
    The second psychic structure to developed, characterized by self-awareness, planning, and delay of grantification.
  3. What is Superego?
    (The third psychic structure)
    The third psychic structure which functions as a moral guardian and sets forth high standards for behavior.
  4. What is Identification?
    (Its the unconscious adaption of another person's behavior)
    In psychoanalytic theory, the unconscious adoption of another person's behavior.
  5. What is Defense Mechanism?
    (Its the unconscious fuction of the ego that protecrs itself from anxiety-evoking materail and accurate recognition material)
    In psychoanalytic theory, an unconscious function of the ego that protects it from anxiety-evoking material by preventing accurate recognition material.
  6. What is Frued's Psychosexual stages of development?
    (Its the process by which libidinal energy is expressed through different erogenous zones during different stages of development)
    In Psychoanalytic thoery, the process by which libidinal energy is expressed through different erogenous zones during different stages of development.
  7. What is Fixation?
    (Its the arrested development of Attachment to objects of an earlier stage)
    In psychoanalytic thoery, arrested development. Attachment to objects of an earlier stage.
  8. What is Oedipal conflict?
    (The boy wishes to posses his mother sexually and percieve his father as a rival in love)
    A conflict of the phallic stage in which the boy wishes to posses his mother sexually and perceives his father as a rival in love.
  9. What is Electra conflict?
    (The girl longs for her father and resents her mother as a rival of love)
    A conflict of the phallic stage in which the girl longs for her father and resents her mother.
  10. What is Jung's analytical psychology?
    (Jung emphasizes the collective unconscious and archetypes)
    Jung's thoery emphasizes the collective unconscious and archetypes.
  11. What is Archetypes?
    (Its the basic primitive images or concepts hypothesized by Adler to serve as a central motivating force)
    Basic, primitive images or concepts hypothesized by Adler to serve as a central motivating force.
  12. What is Self?
    (Its the study of congnitive and effective representation of one's identity or the subject of experience)
    Its the study of either the cognitive and affective representation of one's identity or the subject of experience.
  13. What is Persona?
    (For Jung it was the social face of the individual presented to the world)
    For Jung it was the social face the individual presented to the world.
  14. What is Shadow?
    (Its part of the unconscious mind that consist of repressed weaknesses, shortcomings, and insticts.
    Its a part of the unconscious mind consisting of repressed weaknesses, shortcomings, and instincts. It is one of the three most recognizable archetypes, the others being the anima and animus and the persona.
  15. What is Adler's individual psychology?
    (Its shows parallels with the humanistic psychology of Abraham Maslow who supported Adlers influence on his own theories)
    It shows parallels with the humanistic psychology of Abraham Maslow, who acknowledged Adler's influence on his own theories.
  16. What is Inferiority complex?
    (Its the feeling of inferiority that hypothesized Adler to serve as a central moving force)
    Feelings of inferioriry hypothesized by Adler to serve as a central motivating force.
  17. What is Drive for Superiority?
    (Its Adler term for the desire to compensate for feelings of inferiority)
    Adler's term for the desire to compensate for feelings of inferiority.
  18. What is Creative self?
    (To Alder its the self-aware aspect of personality that strives to achieve its full potential)
    According to Adler, the self-aware aspect of personality that stives to achieve its full potential.
  19. What is Trait theory of personality
    (Its one of the major theoretical areas in the study of personality which the trait suggests that the individual personalities are composed broad dispositions)
    Is one of the major theoretical areas in the study of personality. The trait theory suggests that individual personalities are composed broad dispositions.
  20. What is Social-cognitive theory of personality?
    (Its used in psychology, education, and communication)
    Is used in psychology, education, and communication.
  21. What is Self-actualization?
    (In the humanistic theory its the inmate tendency to strive to realize one's personality)
    In humanistic theory, the inmate tendency to strive to relaize one's personality.
  22. What is Roger's self theory of personality?
    (Its the "phenomenal field" personality theory of Combs and Snygg 1949)
    is based directly on the "phenomenal field" personality theory of Combs and Snygg (1949).
  23. What is Self efficacy expectation?
    (Its the balief to the effect that one can handle a task)
    Baliefs to the effect that one can handle a task.
  24. What is Unconditional positive regard?
    (A persistant expression of esteem for the value of a person, but not neccessarily an unqualified acceotance of all of the peron's behaviors)
    A persistant expression of esteem for the value of a person, but not neccessarily an unqualified acceotance of all of the person's behaviors.
  25. What is Condtional positive regard?
    (Its the judgement of another person's value on the basis of the acceptability of that person's behaviors)
    Judgement of another person's value on the basis of the acceptabilitty of that person's behaviors.
  26. What is Conditions of Worth?
    (Its the standards by which the value of a person is judged)
    Standards by which the value of a person is judged.
  27. What is Objective personality tests?
    (Its the test which items must be answered in a specefic, limited manner where items have concrete answeres that are considered correct)
    Tests whose items must be answered in a specified, limited manner. Tests whose items have concrete answeres that are considered correct.
  28. What is Projective personality tests?
    (Its a psychological test that presnts ambiguous stimuli which the test taker projects his or her own personality in making a response)
    A psychological test that presents ambiguous stimuli onto which the test taker projects his or her own personality in making a response.
  29. What is Anxiety disorder?
    (Its a blanket term covering several different forms of abnormal and pathological fear and anxiety)
    Is a blanket term covering several different forms of abnormal and pathological fear and anxiety.
  30. What is Social phobia?
    (Its irrational, excessive fear of public scrutiny)
    An irrational, excesive fear of public scrutiny.
  31. What is Panic disorder?
    (Reccurrent experienes of attacks of extreme anxiety)
    The recurrent experiencing of attacks of extreme anxiety in the absence of external stimuli that usually elicit anxiety.
  32. What is Generalized anxiety disorder?
    (The feelings of dread, foreboding and sympathetic arousal of at least 6 months)
    Feelings of dread and foreboding and sympathetic arousal of at least 6 months' duration.
  33. What is Obsessive compulsive disorder?
    (A disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thought of feelings, ideas, sensation, obsessions or behavior that male them feel driven to do something)
    an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations (obsessions), or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something.
  34. What is Posttraumatic stress disorder?
    (A disorder that fallows distressing events outside the range of normal human experiences and characterizes features such as intense fear and reliving the event)
    A disorder that fallows a distressing event outside the range of normal human experience and that is characterized by features such as intense fear, avoidence of stimuli associated with the event, and reliving the event.
  35. What is Major depressive disorder?
    (a disorder in which the person may show loss of appetite, psychomotor retardation, and imparied reality testing)
    As serious to severe depressive disorder in which the person may show loss of appetite, psychomotor retardation, and impaired reality testing.
  36. What is Dysthymia?
    (A chronic type of depression in which a person's moods are regularly low)
    Is a chronic type of depression in which a person's moods are regularly low.
  37. What is Biopolor disorder?
    (A disorder in which the mood alternated two extreme poles elatation and depression)
    A disorder in which the mood alternates between two extreme poles (elation and depression).
  38. What is Cyclothymia disorder?
    (Its a mild form of bipolar disorder in which a person has mood swings over a period of years that go from mild depression to euphoria and excitememnt)
    Is a mild form of bipolar disorder (manic depressive illness) in which a person has mood swings over a period of years that go from mild depression to euphoria and excitement.
  39. What is Schizophrenia?
    (A psychotic disorder cjaracterized by loss of control of thought process and inappropraite emotional response)
    A psychotic disorder characterized by loss of control of thought process and inappropraite emotional response.
  40. What is Parinoid schizophrenia?
    (Its charachterized primarily on delusions commonly of persecution and vivid hallucionations) A Beautiful Mind
    A type of schizophenia characterized primarily by delusions commonly of persecution and vivid hallucionations.
  41. What is Disorganized schizophrenia?
    ( Its characterized primarily on disorgenzied delusions, vivid hallucinations, and inappopraite affect)
    A type of schizophrenia characterized primarily by disorganized delusions, vivid hallucionations, and inappopraite affect.
  42. What is Catatonic schizophrenia?
    (A type of schizophrenia characterized on striking motor impairment)
    A type of schizophrenia characterized by striking motor impairment.
  43. What is Delusions?
    (False, persistant beliefs that are unsabstantiated by sensory or objective evidence)
    False, persistant beliefs that are unsubstantiated by sensory or objective evidence.
  44. What is Hallucionations?
    (The absence of sensory stimulation that is confused with reality)
    A perception in the absence of sensory stimulation that is confused with reality.
  45. What is Dissociative disorder?
    (A disorder in which there are sudden temporary changes in consciousness or self identity)
    Disorders in which there are sudden, temporay changes in consciousness or self identity.
  46. What is Dissociative identity disorder?
    (Multiple personality disorder is a person who experiences amnesia and then flees to a new location or personality)
    A disorder in which one experiences amnesia and then flees to a new location.
  47. What is Personality disorder?
    (Its the enduring patterns of maladaptive behavior that are sources of distress to the individual or others)
    Enduring patterns of maladaptive behavior that are sources of distress to the individual or others.
  48. What is Paranoid personality disorder?
    (A perosnality disorder characterized by persistant suspiciousness, but not involving paranoid schizophrenia)
    A personality disorder characterized by persistant suspiciousness, but not involving the disorganization of paranoid schizophrenia.
  49. What is Schizoid personality disorder?
    (A personality disorder characterized by people's oddities of thought and behavior but not bizarre psychotic behaviors)
    A personality disorder characterized by oddities of thought and behavior, but not involving bizarre psychotic behaviors.
  50. What is Anitsocial personality disorder?
    (A person who is in frequent conflict with society, yet who is undeterred by punishment and experiences little or no guilt and anxiety)
    The diagnosis given a person who is in frequent conflict with society, yet who is undeterred by punishment and experiences little or no guilt and anxiety.
  51. What is Borderline personality disorder?
    (A personality disorder characterized by a person's instability in relationships, self-image, mood and lack of impulse control)
    A personality disorder charactetized by instability in relationships, self-image, mood, and lack of impulse control.
  52. What is Avoidant personality disorder?
    (A personality disorder in which the male or female is unwilling to enter a relationsip because of acceptance, fear, rejection and criticism)
    A personality disorder in which the person is unwilling to enter relationships without assurience of acceptance because of fears of rejection and criticism.

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