CH5_observational

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Author:
nmdeasy
ID:
11825
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CH5_observational
Updated:
2010-03-24 07:47:21
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PSY101 memory learning observational
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Observational and misc from Chapter 5
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  1. The learning that takes place when a person observes and imitates another's behavior is called
    observational learning.
  2. Observational learning is different from the associative learning described by behaviorism because it relies on_____________: The learner has to pay attention. remember, and reproduce what the model did
    mental processes
  3. Learning that occurs when a person observes and imitates behavior.
    Bandura's observational learning, also called imitation or modeling.
  4. Often_______ takes less time than operant conditioning.
    observational learning
  5. In observational learning, the first process that must occur is __________
    Attention
  6. In observational learning, you must encode the information and keep it in memory so that you can retrieve it.
    Retention
  7. Element of observational learning, is the process of imitating the model's actions.
    Motor reproduction
  8. In observational learning, the question is whether the model's behavior is followed by a consequence
    Reinforcement
  9. Seeing a model attain reward for an activity increases the chances that an observer will repeat the behavior
    vicarious reinforcement.
  10. Seeing the model punished makes the observer less likely to repeat the behavior
    vicarious punishment.
  11. E. C. Tolman (1932) emphasized the idea that much of behavior is goal-directed
    purposiveness of behavior
  12. Unreinforced learning that is not immediately reflected in behavior
    Latent learning (or implicit learning)
  13. A form of problem solving in which the organism: it develops a sudden insight into or understanding of a problem's solution.
    Insight learning
  14. The tendency of animals to revert to instinctive behavior that interferes with learning.
    Instinctive drift
  15. Species-specific biological predisposition to learn in certain ways but not others.
    Preparedness
  16. Preparedness suggests that this association is related to the __________ and is difficult to modify
    amygdala
  17. ____________ can determine the content of learning
    Culture
  18. Mindset in which people believe that their qualities are carved in stone and cannot change
    Fixed
  19. Mindset in which people believe their qualities can change and improve through their effort
    Growth

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