Study guide for final

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Study guide for final
2011-11-21 12:54:32
10 11 12 13

Sur 140
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  1. absence of microorganisms
  2. free of all living microorganisms including spores
  3. area of sterility maintained by the surgical team during a procedure
    sterile field
  4. methods used to prevent contamination of the sterile field and prevent the patient from acquiring a postoperaive wound infection
    sterile technique
  5. complete, with no breaks or tears
  6. amount of gross organic debris or the number of microorganisms on an object at any given time
  7. microorganisms that is capable of cusing disease.
  8. (1) Procedure to render an individual incapable of reproduction; (2) Process by which all microorganisms, inclding spores, are destroyed.
  9. The basis for the practice of strict adherence to sterile technique by all surgical team members; involves a level of honesty and moral integrity that must be upheld.
    surgical conscience
  10. Device toaccomplish steam or gas sterilization.
  11. a proess of quickly sterilizing unwrapped items (such as a surgical instrument that has been dropped on the floor and is needed right away) using prevacuum or gravity steam sterilizers
    flash sterilization
  12. a method for testing the sterilization capability of a sterilizer; contains microorganisms that are killed when exposed to sterilization process; only method of guaranteeing the sterility of an item(s).
    biological indicator
  13. specifically designated for use with a prevacuum steam sterilizer to test for air entrapment.
    bowie-dick test
  14. internal or external monitor that changes color when exposed to the sterilization process; only indicates that the sterilization process has occured, it does not guarantee the sterilit of the item.
    chemical indicator
  15. soiled wth gross debris or by the presense of microbes.
  16. an infection of the surgical wound that was acquired during the course of the surgical procedure.
    SSI (surgical site infection)
  17. hospital-acquired infection
  18. microorganism that requires oxygen to sustain life
  19. microorganism that sustains life in the absence of oxygen
  20. resistant form of certain types of bacteria species that is formed when harsh environmental conditions are present; a method of self-preservation until normal conditions return that are conductive to survival
  21. to leave a patient alone who is still in need of care or observation.
  22. a position in which the pt. lies on his or her back,face upward, with arms usually placed on arm boards with the palms facing up.
    supine position
  23. a position in which the pt. lies face downward.
    prone position
  24. toward the side, away from the middle or midline.
  25. a modification of the supine position. use of candy-cane-style stirrups is presented.
  26. a modification of the prone position. positions included the anus and the pilonidal area.
    krase (jakknife)
  27. a modification of the supine position. Provides improved access to teh surgical site and reduces blood flow to the upper body, promotes venous drainage, and facilitats respiration.
    fowlers position
  28. Organisms that reside on the surface of theskin and are easily removed by handwashing.
    Transient organisms
  29. microorganisms taht live on and within the body and that are beneficial for health; typically refers to bacteria that below the skin surface in hair folliles and glandular openings; also referred to as normal or resident flora
    resident organisms
  30. a hand and arm wash that is performed prior to donning the sterile gown and gloves; used for the purpose of removign as many microorganisms as possible and for arresting the growth of others; accomlished with the use of chemicals and mechanicl action.
    surgical scrub
  31. requires a measured number of brush strokes for each anatomical area to be scrubbed
    counted method
  32. the hands and arms are scrubbed for a prescribed length of time
    timed method
  33. used for donning the gloves following the surgical scrub and after teh sterile gown has been donned, from a separate table.
    closed glove technique
  34. nonsterile individual performing a sterile task, sterile gloves myst be applied. Not recommended when wearing a sterile gown.
    open glove techique
  35. sall portable stand with a tray on top that is covered with a sterile drape and onwhich the instruments, equipment, and supplies that are most frequently used for the surgical proedure are placed; it is most often positioned over the legs of the patient.
    mayo stand
  36. term used to describe the act of counting items used intraoerately that could poentially be left in a surgical wound.
  37. an area designated withing the sterile field in which sharps may be safely placed by one person and retrieved by another
    neutral zone