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deviaion from what is normal
EX: Albino animals may display too great an anomaly in their coloring to attract normal mates
to use expressions of double meaning in order to miss lead.
- EX: When faced with criticism of her policies, the politician equivocated and left all parties thing she agreed with them.
clear and easily understood
EX: The explanations were written in a simple and lucid manner so that students were immediately able to apply what they learned.
to throw violently or bring about abruptly; lacking deliberation
EX: upon learning that the couple married after knowing each other only two months, friends and family members expected such a precipitate marriage to end in divorce.
to make somethinf unpleasant less severe
EX: Serena used aspririn to assuaage her pounding headache
- learned, scholarly, bookish
EX: The annual meeting of Philosophy professors was a gathering of the most erudite
, well-published individuals in the field
impossible to see through; preventing the passage of light
EX: The heavy buildup of dirt and grime on the windows almost made them opaque.
EX: The prodigal son quickly wasted all of his inheritance on a lavish lifestyle devoted to pleasure.
a puzzle; a mystery
EX: Speaking in riddles and dressed i old robes, the artist gained a reputation as something of an enigma.
intensely emotional; feverish
Ex: The fans of Maria Callas were unusually fervid, doing anything to catch a glimpse of the great opera singer.
to soothe or pacify
EX: the burglar tried to placate the snarling dog by saying "Nice doggy," and offering it a treat.
EX: She brought her typical zeal to the project, sparking enthusiasm in the other team members.
to choose not to do something
EX: She abstained from choosing a mouthwatering dessert from the tray
fearless and daring
EX: Her audacious nature allowed her to fulfill her dream of skydiving
to dry out completly
EX: After a few weeks of lying on the dessert's baking sands, the cow's carcass became completely desiccated.
EX: The con man pretended to be a bank officer so as to fool gullible bank customers into giving him their account information.
to give praise to; to glorify
EX:Parades and fireworks were staged to laud the success of the rebels.
someone who shows off learning
- EX: the graduate instructor's tedious and excessive commentary on the subject soon gained her a reputation as a pedant.
to sway physically; to be indecisive
EX: the customer help up in the line as he vacilillated between ordering chocolate chip ot rocky road ice cream.
to make impure
EX: the chef made his ketchup last longer by adulterating it with water.
changing one's mind quickly and often
EX: Queen Elizabeth 1 was quite capracious; her courtiers could never be sure which of their number would catch her fancy.
to produce, cause, or bring about
EX: His fear and hatred of clowns was Engendered when he witnessed the death of his father by the hands of a clown.
of similar kind
EX: the class was fairly homogenous, since almost all of the students were senior journalism majors.
EX: She was naturally loquacious, which was a problem in situations in which listening was more important than talking.
pratical as opposed to idealistic
EX: While daydreaming gamblers think they can get rich by frequenting casinos, pragmatic gamblers realize that the odds are heavily stacked against them.
easily aroused or changeable; lively or explosive
EX: His volatile personality made it difficult to pridct his reaction to anything.
lack of interest
EX: The apathy of voters is so great that less than half the people who are eligible to vote actually bother to do so.
to provide supporting evidence
EX: Fingerprints corroborates the witness's testimony that he saw the defendant in the victim's apartment.
lasting a short time
EX: the ives of mayflies seem ephemeral to us, since the flies' average life spand is a matter of hours.
using few words
EX: She was a laconic poet who built her reputation on using words as sparingly as possible.
to soften; to lessen
EX: A Judge may mitigate a sentence if she decides that a person commited a crime out of need.
- correct behavior; obedience to rules and customs
EX：the aristocracy maintained a high level of propriety
, adhereing to even the most minor social rules.