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What is arson in the first degree?
Element of endangerment of human life and applies itself to encumbered properties?
What is arson in the second degree?
Applies to properties not covered in the first degree
What is arson in the thrid degree?
Property with a value over 25 dollar
What are the common motives for arson?
- Arson for profit
- Concealment of a crime
Complusive fire setting can be classified in what three categories?
- Mass arsonist- three or more fires at one location
- Spree arsonist- three or more fires with no cool down time
- Serial arsonist- three or more sperate fires with a cool down time
What are the four classifications of fire causes?
What are some arson indcators?
- Multiple fires
- Flamable accelerate
- Color of flames and smoke
What are some things to look for at an arson to determine it was criminal?
- Tools to force entery
- Trace evidence
- Intel about the site
- Heat related injuries
- Souvenirs from the scene
Bombs are classified into two categories:
What are the pricipal targets of attack with bombs?
- Private residences
- Commercial opperations and vehicles
What is the most commonly used incendiary device?
Bombs and explosives can best be described as either_____ or ______ detonated devices.
What happens to dynamite when it gets old?
It starts to sweat nitroglycern
What should the officer do when he comes into contact with an IED?
- Don't touch
- Get bomb team
- Block radius of 300 ft
- Open doors and windows
- Sandbag if time permits
- Have EMS standing by
- Notify FBI and ATF
What are the steps to a bomb threat?
- Search techniques
What are the classifications of auto thefts?
- Juvenile thefts
- Transportation thefts
- Professional thefts
- Accessory thefts
- Salvage racket
- Junker racket
- Counterfeit registration
- Insurance fraud
How can you tell if a vehilce is stolen?
- Actions of occupants
- Vehicle condition
What are some consideration that the vehicle may be missing for other reasons?
- Joint ownership
- Misplaced vehicle
- To conceal another crime
What are some methods of entry in a car theft?
- Coat hanger
- Forcing the window
- Removing the lock
- Using a key
What are some tools used by a thief in a car theft?
- Rivet tool
- Slam hammer
What is the easiest time of death to figure out?
The ones where it occured 30 minutes prior to investigation?
What are the methods used to determine the time of death?
- Changes in the eyes
- Body temperature
- Post-mortem lividty
- Rigor mortis
- Cadaveric spasms
What are the three types of gunshot wounds?
- Near Contact
What is the study of poisons?
What are some types of asphyxiation?
What is ligature stragualtion?
It involves the use of a cord, belt, or wire tightly twisted around the neck.
Where did motorcycle gangs originate?
From leftover motorcycles during WWII
What are the big four motorcycle gangs?
- Hells angels
What is the major crime of motocycle gangs?
Methamphetamine and trafficing in other drugs
Where was the first youth gang?
What are the four main reasons gangs are appealing to youth?
- Making money
What is the profile of a gang member?
- Male or female
- Does not recieve adequate family attention
- Economically challenged
How are gangs organized?
What are the four levels of gang involvement?
- Hard-core members
Which gang members are the most violent?
What are the two most common identifiers of gangs?
Clothing and tattoos
Removing graffiti accomplishes two goals:
- See if it returns
- the gang can't establish turf
What is the camorra?
Gang originated in spain
What is the mafia?
Originated in Italy to remove the Arabs
What are some occult crimes?
What is the RICO Act?
It helps to prevent the practice of money laundering.
What are the elements of robbery?
- Taking of property
- Taken from immediate presence
- Use of physical force, intimidation, or coercion
What is the difference between armed robbery and robbery?
Armed robbery uses something as a weapon
What are the four classifications of robbers?
- The professional
- The amateur
- The drug addict
- The alcoholic
Why are stolen vehicles often used in the commission of a robbery?
Because the suspect does not want to use his or her car
What are the types of robberies?
- Robbery after association
What should the officer do when responding to a robbery call?
- Protect the scene
- Be cautious
What is surveillance?
observation of people and places
What are the general objectives of surveillance?
- Gather criminal intelligence
- Identify suspects
- Locate stolen property
- Apprehend a criminal in the act
What is fixed surveillance?
the surveillants remain in a fixed location
What are the types of mobile surveillance?
- Loose tail-general impressions of the suspects habits
- Tight tail- constant surveillance
- Progressive tail- several stages
- Rough shadowing- suspect is aware he is being watched
What is the most important thing about note taking?
Keeping a log
Is electronic surveillance admissible?
Yes, as long as it does not violate a fourth amendment rights.
What is an investigation?
A careful search or exam or a systematic inquiry.
What are the four main reasons investigations are conducted?
- Establish whether or not a crime was committed
- Identfy perp
- Recover stolen property
- Assist the state in prosectuion
What is the primary objective of an investigation?
To prove an offense actually occured
What are twelve solvability factors?
- Suspects name
- Suspects location
- Description of suspect
- ID of suspect
- Traceable property
- Physical evidence
- Suspects automobile
- Belief of crime solved
- Opportunity for only one person to commit crime
What are some prevention techniques of robberies for commercial businesses?
- Keep window clear
- Small amounts of money
- Well lighted
Once information that was required has been obtained from a wiretap transmission the listening must _______.
What are the two major objectives of a MO.
- Link this crime with others
- Identify a suspect
Formed on the hands and feet before birth and remain unchanged throughout life and are not destroyed until the decomposition of the body defines what?
What are the three types of fingerprint patterns?
- Whirls- two or more deltas
What are the two color fingerprint cards?
How long before fingerprints must be sent to GCIC?
How many sets of fingerprints must be sent to GCIC?