Chapter 5: Civil Rights and Public Policy
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policies designed to protect people against arbitrary discriminatory treatment by government officials or individuals.
Scott v. Sanford
(1857) a slave who had escaped to a free state enjoyed no rights as a citizen and that had no authority to ban slavery in the territories.
banned poll taxes
Korematsu v. United States
(1944) upheld the internment of +100,00 Japanese-Americans in encampmaent during WWII
Reed v. Reed
(1971) upheld a claim of gender discrimination.
Craig v. Boren
(1976) established the "medium scrutiny" standard for determining gender discrimination.
The issue raised when who hold traditionally female jobs are paid less than men working for jobs requiring comparable skill.
A policy designed to give special attention to or compensatory treatment for members of some previously disadvantaged group.
University of California v. Bakke
(1978) a university cannot admit underqualified individuals solely because of race.
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