Maternity Jeopardy

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Maternity Jeopardy
2011-11-21 21:45:26
Maternity Jeopardy

Qustions from class
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  1. Moro reflex
    • The infants head and trunk are allowed to drop back 30 degrees when the infant isin a slightly raised position. Infant;s arms and legs extend and abduct, with fingers fanning open and thumbs and forefingers forming a C postion. Legs may also extend and then
    • Stops at 5-6 months
  2. Palmar Grasp reflex
    • Infant's palm is touched near the base of the fingers. Hand closes into a tight fist. Weak or absent if the infant has damage to the nerves of the arms
    • Stops at 2-3 months
  3. Plantar grasp reflex
    • Similar to palmar grasp reflex. area below the toes is touch the infant's toes curl over the nure's finger.
    • Stops at 8-9 months
  4. Babinski reflex
    • Elicited by stroking the lateral sole of infant's foot from the heel foward and across the ball of the foot. Causes toes to flare outward and the big toe to dorsiflex
    • Stops at 12 months
  5. Rooting reflex
    • Infant's cheek is touched near mouth, the head turns toward the side thats been stroked. Do not do simultaneously because it will confuse the infant
    • Stops at 3 months
  6. Sucking reflex
    • Mouth or palate is touched by the nipple or a finger, the infant begins to suck. Sucking not appropriate if swallowing is not heard
    • Never stops
  7. Tonic neck reflex
    • Psture assumed by newborns when in a supine position. Infant extends the arm and leg on the side to which the head is turned and flexes the extremities on other side. Refered to as "fencing reflex"
    • Stops at 4 months, may be weak at birth
  8. Stepping reflex
    • Occurs when infants are held upright with feet touching a solid surface. They lift one foot and then the other giving the appreance that they are trying to walk
    • Stops at 3-4 month
  9. Gallant (trunk incurvation)
    • With infant prone. lightly stroke alog side of vertebral column. Entire trunk should flex toward side stimulated.
    • Stops at 1 month
  10. Cold Stress: Conduction
    Heat loss from direct contact with a cooler surface.
  11. Vitamin K
    Given to prevent hemorrhagic disorders. Does not produce until day 8. Not produced because intestines are sterile.
  12. Mongolian spots
    Bluish Black marks that resemble bruises, frequently found on sacrum. More in darker skin babes.
  13. Hypoglycemia
    Jitteriness, weak high pitched cry and lethargy.
  14. Hyperglycemia
    Blood Sugar high (110-120)
  15. Respirtatory distress
    Nasal flaring, retractions, and grunting.
  16. Vernix caseosa
    Thick white substance that resembles cream cheese. More on premature babies.
  17. Hep B
    Given in Vastus lateralis which is anterior thigh for babies
  18. Erythromycin eye drops
    Given to help opthalmia neonatorum in case the mother is infected with gonorrhea or chlamydia which often occur together
  19. Cold Stress: Convection
    Heat from infants body to air
  20. Bilirubin
    Unuseable components of hemalized errythrocytes. Excreted through stools. Jaunice is normal for 2-3 days. Pathologic jaundice is bad=first day yellow! Physiologic if after 24 hours= can be normal with breastfeeding.
  21. Betamethasone
    Drug used with premature babies to simulate surfactant. Give it twice 24 hrs apart.
  22. Foramen ovale
    When pressure in left atrium is higher than in right
  23. Port-wine Stain
    Reddish purple mark that does not branch with pressure. Never goes away.
  24. Stork bite
    Reddish on eyelids and does fade
  25. Hematoma
    Collection of blood between suture lines. More apt to get jaundice
  26. Radiation
    Avoid placing a baby's crib near a window on a snowy day.
  27. Evaporation
    Moisture from blanket or wet hair changing to a cooler temperature
  28. Brown Fat
    metabolized and used for heat. Premature babies don't have these