ISC Chapter 17

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ISC Chapter 17
2011-11-21 23:55:33
ISC Chapter 17

ISC Chapter 17
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  1. Earth's nitrogen-dominated planetary atmosphere is markedly different from its nearest neighbors which have atmospheres primarily composed of
    B. carbon dioxide
  2. Many atmospheric gases exist in dynamic balance, through chemical reactions with life and rocks. Onegas, _______, will build-up over time in Earth's atmosphere because it is produced by natural processes which does not interact with life or rocks
    D. argon
  3. The amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is NOT regulated by
    C. chemical reactions between the atmosphere and magma
  4. On average, atmospheric pressure is lower at Mexico City than at
    D. all of these locations
  5. The amount of solar radiation falling on the Moon's surface is ______ the solar radiation which falls upon the Earth's surface
    C. more than
  6. Ultraviolet radiation does NOT
    A. prevent cancer
  7. The one motion that is NOT a general motion of air is
    C. upward movement of air over a cooler region
  8. What is it that converges in the intertropical convergence zone?
    D. northeast trade winds and southeast trade winds
  9. Water vapor is considered a greenhouse gas because water molecules
    D. none of these
  10. Which other planet or moon in the Solar System has a nitrogen-oxygen atmosphere?
    D. none at all
  11. The beach near Los Angeles is hot but a cool breeze off the ocean provides relief thanks to relative _______which developed over L.A. and along the inland coast during the day.
    B. low pressure
  12. Atmospheric conditions under any of the global high pressure regions would be
    C. sunny and dry
  13. An equilibrium condition between evaporation and condensation is called
    C. saturated air
  14. How might the presence of more water vapor affect the atmosphere?
    D. A and B
  15. Why might it be reasonable to assume that Earth's atmosphere did not always display present oxygen levels?
    B. it took time for plants to exist and release oxygen
  16. A strong, cyclonic storm with sustained winds of 156km/hr heads for coastal India and Bangladesh. This_______ has the potential for moderate damage.
    C. typhoon
  17. The science that studies the atmosphere and weather phenomena is
    C. meteorology
  18. 99% of the mass of the atmosphere is found within
    C. 20 miles of the surface of the earth
  19. The most abundant gas in the atmosphere is
    B. nitrogen
  20. Oxygen is approximately ______ of the total volume of gases in the atmosphere
    A. 21%
  21. Fog and clouds are composed of
    B. droplets of liquid water
  22. The continuous cycle of water precipitation and evaporation is called
    D. hydrologic cycle
  23. Tiny solid or liquid dust, smoke, soot, and salt crystals found in the atmosphere are called:
    C. aerosols
  24. Atmospheric pressure is measured using a
    A. barometer
  25. The barometer was invented by
    C. Torricelli
  26. The standard atmospheric pressure is measured as
    D. 760.0 mm of mercury
  27. The atmosphere does NOT _________ incoming solar radiation
    C. rearrange
  28. Molecules in the atmosphere which absorb IR radiation are
    D. A and C
  29. The process of heating the atmosphere by the absorption of solar radiation and reemission of infrared radiation is called
    B. greenhouse effect
  30. In general, the temperature of the atmosphere___________ with increasing altitude
    B. decreases
  31. The layer of the atmosphere where we live is the
    C. troposphere
  32. A layer of the atmosphere where the temperature increases with height is called
    B. inversion
  33. The layer of the atmosphere were aircraft fly is
    B. stratosphere
  34. Ultraviolet radiation is "filtered" by the
    A. ozone layer
  35. Uneven heating of the earth's surface leads to
    C. convection
  36. A general horizontal movement of air is called
    A. wind