Card Set Information

2011-11-22 06:04:46

Basic Nursing Class
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  1. Pattern of health care in which a patient is treated for an acute episode of illness for the sequalaw of an accident or other trauma, or during recovery from surgery.
    acute care
  2. Health service provided in the patients place of residence for the purpose of promotion maintaining, or restoring health or minimizing the effects of illness and disabilities.
    Home care
  3. First contact in a given episode of illness that leads to a decision regarding a course of action to resolve the health problem.
    Primary care
  4. Facility for the supervised care of older adults providing activities such as meals and socialization during specified day hours.
    Adult day care centers
  5. System of family centered care designed to help terminally ill persons be comfortable and maintain a satisfactory lifestyle throughout the terminal phase of their illness.
  6. Residential living facilities in which each resident has their own rooms and share dining and social activity area's.
    Assisted living
  7. Focuses on evaluation of nursing care provided in a health care setting. The quality effectiveness, and appropriateness of nursing care for the patient is the focus of evaluation.
    Professional standards review organization
  8. Managed care organization that contracts with physicians or health care providers who usually are members of groups and whose practises include fee for service and captivated patients.
    Independent practice association (IPA)
  9. Payment mechanism or reimbursing hospitals for inpatient health care services in which predetermined rate is set for treatment of specific illnesses.
    Prospective payment System (PPS)
  10. Payment mechanism in which a provider receives a fixed amount of payment per enrollee.
  11. Restoration of an individual to normal or near-normal function after a physical or mental illness, injury, or chemical addiction.
  12. Organized systemfor delivering health care to an individual patient or group of patients across an episods of illnesses and/or a continum of care-includes assessments and development of a plan of care, coordination of all services, referral, and follow up; usually assigned to one professional.
    Case management
  13. Health care system in which there is administrative control over primary health care services. Redundant facilities and services are eliminated, and costs are reduced. Preventive care and health education are emphasized.
    Managed care
  14. Short term health services to dependent older adults either in their home or in an institutional services.
    Respite care
  15. Tool used in managed care that incorporate the treatment interventions of caregivers from all disciplines who normally care for a patient. Designed for a specific care type, a pathway is used to manage the care of a patient throughout a projected length of stay.
    Critical pathway
  16. State medical assistance to people with low incomes based on Title XIX of the Social Security Act states recieve matching federal funds to provide medical care and services to people meeting categorical and income requirements.
  17. Health care settings and service where patients who are recovering from illness or disability recieve rehabilitation and supportive care.
    Restorative care
  18. Group of patients classified to establish a mechanism for health care reimbursed based on the following variables: primary and secondary procedures; and age.
    Diagnosis-related groups (DRG's)
  19. Federally funded national health insurance program in the US for people over 65 years old. The program is administrated in two parts. Part A provides basic protection against costs of medical, surgical, and pyschiatric hospital care. Part B is a voluntary medical insurance program financed in part from federal funds and in part from premiums contrituted by people enrolled in the program.
  20. Health care settings and services where patients who are recovering from illness or disabilities recieve rehabilitation and supportive care.
    Restorative care
  21. Activites directed toward identifying future proposed therapy and the need for additional resources before and after returning home.
    Discharge planning
  22. Required by the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987, the MDS is a uniform date set established by the Department of Health and Human Services. The MDS served as the framework for any state-specified assessment instruments used to develop a written and comprehensive plan of care for newly admitted residents of nursing facilities.
    Minimum Data Set (MDS)
  23. Institution or part of an institution that meets criteria for accreditation established by the sections of the Social Security Act that determine the basis for Medicaid and Medicare reimbursement for skilled nursing care including rehabilitation and various medical and nursing procedures.
    Skilled nursing facilities
  24. The use of current best evidence from nursing research, clinical expertise, practice trends, and patient preferences to guide nursing decisions about care provided to patients.
    Evidence-based practice
  25. Outcomes that are within the scope of nursing practise; consequences of efforts of nursing interventions that result in charges in the patients in the patients symptoms, functional status safety, psychological distress, or costs.
    Nursing-sensitive outcome
  26. Concept to improve work efficiency by changing the way patient care is delivered.
    Patient-centered care
  27. Physician-supervised committees to review admissions, diagnostic testing and treatments provided by physicians or health care providers to patients.
    Utilization review (UR) committees
  28. Worldwide scope or application
  29. first contact in a given episode of illness that leads to a decision regarding a course of actions to resolve the health problem.
    Primary care
  30. A collection of individuals who are more likely to develop health problems as a result of excess risks, limits in access to health care services, or being dependent on others for care.
    Vulnerable populations
  31. unlawful threat to bring about harmful or offensive contact with another.
  32. legal term for touching of anothers body with out consent.
  33. one source for law that is created by judicial decisions as opposed to those created by legislative bodies (statutory laws)
    Common law
  34. concerned with acts that threaten society but may involve only one individual
    Criminal law
  35. crime of a serious nature that carries a penalty of imprisonment or death.
  36. legislation enacted in some states to protect health care professionals from liability in rendering emergency aid, unless there is proven willfill wrong or gross negligence.
    Good Samaritan laws
  37. Process of obtaining permission from a patient to perform a specific test or procedure, after describing all risks side effects and benefits.
    Informed consent
  38. instruments by which a dying person makes wishes known
    living wills
  39. injurious or unprofessional actions that harm another
  40. lesser crime than a felony; the penalty is usually a fine or imprisonment for less than one year.
  41. Careless act of omission or commission that results in injury to another.
  42. Statutes enacted by the legislature of any of the states or by the appropriate officers of the districts or possessions that describe and define the scope of nursing practise.
    Nurse practive Acts
  43. Confidential document that describes any patient accident while the person is on the premises of a health care agency.
    Occurance report
  44. Individual who files formal charges against an individual or organization for a legal offense.
  45. A person designed by the patient to make health care designated by the patient if the patient becomes unable to make his or her own decisions.
    Power of attorney for health care
  46. Local, state, provincal, or national agencies that inspect and certify health care agencies as meeting specified standards. These agencies can also determine the amount of reimbursement for health care delivered.
    Regulatory Agencies
  47. A function of administration of a hospital or other health facility directed toward identification, evaluation, and correction of potential risks that could lead to injury of patients, staff members, or visitors and result in property loss or damage.
    Risk management
  48. Minimum level of care accepted to ensure high0quality care to patients. Standards of care define type of therapies typically administered to patients with defined problems or needs.
    Standard of care
  49. Of or related to laws enacted by a legislative branch of the government.
    Statutory law
  50. Act that causes injury for which the injured party can bring civil action.
  51. process of thinking back
  52. Process whereby a nurse objectively provides patients with the information they need to make decisions and supports the patients in whatever decisions they make.
  53. Ability or tendency to function independently
  54. Doing good or active promotion of doing good. One of the four principles of the ethical theory of deontology.
  55. Branch of thics within the field of health care.
  56. A problem solving approach that nurses use to define patient problems and select appropriate treatement.
    Clinical decision-making
  57. Formal statement that delineates a professions guidelines for ethical behavior; it sets standards or expectations for the professional to achieve.
    Code of ethics
  58. The act of keeping information private or secret; in health care, the nurse only shares information about a patient with other nurses or healthcare providers who need to provide care; information can only be shared with the patients consent.
  59. The active, purposeful, organized, cognitive process used to carefully examine one's thinking of other individuals.
    Critical thinking
  60. Process involving critical appraisal of information that results from recognition of a problem and ends with the generation, testing, and evaluation of a conclusion. Comes at the end of critical thinking.
    Decision making
  61. Process that enables an observer to assign meaning and to classify phenomena in clinical situations by integrating observations and critical thinking.
    Diagnostic reasoning
  62. Dilemma existing when the right thing to do is not clear. Resolution requires the negotiation of differing values among those involved in the dilemma.
    Ethical dilemma
  63. Set of guidelines for a profession's expectations and standards of behavior for it's members.
    Ethical principles
  64. Principles or standards that govern proper content.
  65. Delivery of health care based on ethical principles and standards of care.
    Ethics of care
  66. Illness characterized by symptoms that are of relatively short duration are usually severe, and affect the functioning of the patient in all dimensions.
    Acute illness
  67. Illness that persists over a long time and affects physical, emotional, intellectual, social, and spiritual functioning.
    Chronic illness
  68. Dynamic state in which individuals adapt to their internal and external environments so that there is a state of physical emotional, intellectual, social, and spiritual well-being.
  69. Conceptual framework that describes a person's health behavior as an expression of a person's health beliefs.
    Health Belief model
  70. Patients personal beliefs about levels of wellness, which can motivate or impede participation in changing risk factors, participating in care, and selecting care options.
    Health beliefs
  71. Activities such as routine excercise and good nutrition that help patients maintain or enhance their present levels of health and reduce their risk of develop certain diseases.
    Health Promotion
  72. Defines health as a positive, dynamic state, not merely the absence of disease. The health promotion model emphasizes well-being, personal fullfillment, and self -actualization rather than reacting to the threat of illness.
    Health promotion model
  73. Comprehensive view of the person as a biopychosocial and social being.
    Hollistic health
  74. (1) Abnormal process in which any aspect of a person's functioning is diminished or impaired compared with that person's previous condition.
    (2) The personal, interpersonal, and cultural reaction to disease.
  75. Ways in which people monitor their bodies, define and interupt their symptoms take remedial actions, and use the health care system.
    Illness behavior
  76. Health education programs or activities directed toward protecting patients from threats or potential threats to health and toward minimizing risk factors.
    Illness prevention
  77. A model, developed by Abram Maslow used to explain human motivation.
    Maslow's hierarchy of needs
  78. Activities that involve the patient as the recipient of actions by health care professionals.
    Passive strategies of health promotion
  79. First contact in a given episode of illness that leads to a decision regarding a course of action to prevent worsening of the health problem.
    Primary Prevention
  80. Any internal or external vairable that makes a person or group more vulnerable to illness or an unhealthy event.
    Risk factor
  81. Level of preventive medicine that focuses on early diagnosis, use of referral services, and rapid initiation of treatment to stop the progress of disease processes.
    Secondary prevention
  82. Activities directed toward rehabilitation rather than diagnosis and treatment.
    tertiary prevention
  83. Activities that teach people how to care for themselves in a healthy manner.
    Wellness education