CH.11

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Anonymous
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1185
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CH.11
Updated:
2009-11-19 20:03:54
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Biologyanatomy and physiologyCH.11
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THE CNS AND PNS
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  1. FUNCTIONS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    • 1.SENSORY INPUT

    • 2. INTEGRETION(interpretation)

    • 3. MOTOR OUTPUT

  2. THE 2 MAIN PARTS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM

    • CNS-central nervous system

    • PNS-peripheral nervous system

  3. WHAT DOES THE CNS CONTAIN

    BRAIN, SPINAL CORD
  4. FUNCTIONS OF THE CNS

    INTEGRATION AND COMMAND CENTER

  5. THE PNS CONSISTS OF
    PAIRED SPINAL AND CRANIAL NERVES
  6. FUNCTIONS OF THE PNS
    CARRIES MESSAGES TO AND FROM THE SPINAL CORD AND BRAIN
  7. NAME THE 2 DIVISONS OF THE PNS

    SENSORY, MOTOR

  8. 2 TYPES OF FIBERS OF THE AFFERENT(sensory)DIVISION
    SENSORY - CARRY IMPULSES FROM SKIN, SKELETAL MUSCLES, AND JOINTS TO THE BRIAN
  9. FUNCTION OF THE MOTOR(efferent) DIVISION

    TRANSMITS IMPULSES FROM THE CNS TO CERTAIN TARGET ORGANS CALLED EFFECTOR ORGANS
  10. NS WHICH IS VOLUNTARY
    SOMATIC
  11. FUNCTION OF HTE SOMATIC NS
    CONSCIOUS CONTROLS SKELETAL MUSCLES
  12. INVOLUNTARY NS
    AUTONOMIC
  13. FUNTCTIONS OF AUTONOMIC NS
    REGUALTES SMOOTH MUSCLE , CARDIAC MUSCLE, AND GLANDS
  14. DIVISIONS OF THE AUTONOMIC NS

    • SYMPATHETIC
    • PARASYMATHETIC
  15. FUNCTION OF THE SYMPATHETIC ANS
    MOBILIZES BODY SYSTEMS DURING ACTIVITY
  16. FUNCTION OF THE PARASYMATHETIC ANS
    CONSERVES ENRGY; PROMOTES HOUSEKEEPING FUNCTIONS DURING REST
  17. 2 MAIN TYPES OF CELLS
    NEURONS, SUPPORTING CELLS
  18. OTHER NAME FOR SUPPORTING CELLS
    NEUROGLIA, OR GLIAL CELLS
  19. FUNCTION OF THE NEUROGLIA, OR GLIAL CELLS
    • PROVIDE SUPPORTIVE SCAFFOLDING FOR NEURONS
    • SEGRETE & INSULATE NEURONS
    • GUIDE YOUNG NEURONS TO PROPER CONNECTIONS
    • PROMOTE HEALTH AND GROWTH
  20. ANOTHER NAME FOR NEUROGLIA
    GLIAL CELLS
  21. WHAT IS AN OLIGODENROCYTE
    BRANCHED CELLS THAT WRAP CNS NERVE FIBERS
  22. WHAT ARE SCHWANN CELLS
    SOURROUND FIBERS OF THE PNS
  23. WHAT IS A MICROGLIA
    SMALL, OVOID PHAGOCYTIC CELLS THAT MONITOR THE HEALTH OF NEURONS
  24. WHAT ARE ASTROCYTES
    MOST ABUNDANT, VERSATILE, AND HIGHLY BRANCHED GLIAL CELLS
  25. WHAT ARE EPENDYMAL CELLS
    RANGE IN SHAPE FROM SQUAMOUS TO COLUMNAR AND LINE THE CENTRAL CAVITITES OF THE BRAIN AND SPINAL COLUMN
  26. WHAT ARE SATELLITE CELLS
    SURROUND NEURON CELL BODIES WITH GANGLIA
  27. FUNCTIONS OF ASTROCYTES
    • SUPPORT & BRACE NEURONS
    • ANCHOR NEURONS
    • GUIDE MIGRATION OF YOUNG NEURONS
    • CONTROL CHEMICAL ENV.
  28. WHAT IS A NEURON
    • STRUCTURAL UNITS FOR THE NS
    • COMPOSED OF A BODY, AXON, AND DENDRITES
    • LONG-LIVED,AMITOTIC, AND HAVE A HIGH MEATABOLIC RATE
  29. NEURON PLASMA MEMBRANE FUNCTIONS IN
    • ELECTRIC SIGNALING
    • CELL TO CELL SIGNALING DURING DEVELOPMENT
  30. WHAT IS SINGLE STRUCTURE ON EACH NEURON ALSO KNOWN AS A NERVE FIBER; GENERATES & TRANSMITS NERVE IMPULSES
    AXON
  31. SHORT,BRANCHING STRUCTURES RESPONSIBLE PRIMARLY FOR RECEPTION OR INPUT
    DENDRITES
  32. ROUGH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
    NISSL BODIES
  33. WHITISH-FATTY PROTEIN MATERIAL THAT PROTECTS AND INSULATES FIBERS AND INCREASES THE SPEED OF NERVE TRANSMISSION
    MYELIN SHEATH
  34. A PORTION OF A SCHWANN CELL

    NEURILEMMA
  35. DISORDER IN WHICH MYELIN SHEATHS ARE GRADUALLY DESTROYED AND CAUSE SHORT CIRCUITING AND EVENTUALLY IMPULSE CONDUCTION CEASES
    MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (MS)
  36. NEURONS COMMUNICATE BY

    ELECTRICAL AND CHEMICAL SIGNALS
  37. THE GAP BETWEEN NEURONS IS

    SYNAPSE
  38. WHAT TYPE OF CHEMICAL HELPS CONDUCTION OF NERVE IMPULSES

    NEUROTRANSMITTERS
  39. NEUROTRANSMITTER THAT TRIGGERS MUSCLE CONTRACTION & STIMULATES THE EXCRETION OF CERTAIN HORMONES
    ACETYLCHOLINE
  40. NEUROTRANSMITTER THAT IS AN INHIBITORY INVOLVED IN CONTROLLING MOVEMENT AND POSTURE
    DOPAMINE
  41. NEUROTRANSMITTER THAT IS IMPORTANT FOR ATTENTIVENESS, EMOTIONS SLEEPING, DREAMING, AND LEARING
    NOREPINEPHRINE
  42. NEUROTRANSMITTER THAT CONTRIBUTES TO VARIOUS FUNCTIONS, SUCH AS REGULATING BODY TEMPERATURE, SLEEP MOOD, APETITE, AND PAIN
    SEROTONIN
  43. IF A PATIENT IS KNOWN TO ALZHEIMER'S WHAT NEUROTRANSMITTER IS LACKING
    ACETYCHOLINE
  44. IF A PATIENT HAS A MANIC DEPRESSIO, WHAT NEUROTRANSMITTER IS NOT PROPERLY BALANCED
    NOREPINEPHRINE
  45. A PATIENT DISPLAYING SUICIDAL BEHAVIOR, AGGRESION,AND CLINICAL DEPRESSION IS LACKING WHAT NERUTRANSMITTER

    SEROTONIN

  46. A PATIENT WITH MUSCLE RIGIDITY IS LACKING WHAT TYPE OF NEUROTRANSMITTER
    DOPAMINE

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