Chapter 18

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  1. negative reinforcement
    the removal or reduction of an aversive stimulus that is contigent on a particular response, with an attendant increase in the frequency of that response
  2. tolerance
    the fact that increasingly large doses of drugs must be taken to achieve a particular effect; caused by compensatory mechanisms that oppose the effect of the drug
  3. withdrawal symptoms
    the appearance of symptoms opposite to those produced by a drug when the drug is suddenly no longer taken; caused by the presence of compensatory mechanisms
  4. naloxone
    a drug that blocs (mu) opiate receptors; antagonizes the reinforcing and sedative effects of opiates
  5. antagonist-precipitated withdrawal
    sudden withdrawal from long-term administration of a drug caused by cessation of the drug and administration of an antagonistic drug
Card Set
Chapter 18
Drug Abuse
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