emt- Mouth to mask with supplemental oxygen.txt
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Mouth to mask with supplemental oxygen
Takes, or verbalizes, body substance isolation precautions
Connects one-way valve to mask.
- Opens patient's airway or confirms patient's airway is open
- (manually or with adjunct)
Establishes and maintains a proper mask to face seal.
- Ventilates the patient the patient at the proper volume and rate.
- ( O2: 15 liters per minute, if available, The artificial ventilation rate must be within the ranges that are in accordance with the newest AHA Guidelines. For adults with or without a simple oral or nasal airway in place, a rate of 10 to 12 assisted breaths per minute is recommended. Children in need of artificial ventilations should be given between 12-20 breaths per minute according to recent AHA guideline changes. A new wider range of pediatric assisted ventilations was adopted in order to allow the EMT more freedom to tailor the assisted ventilations to the patient and situation. If your patient has had an advanced airway such as an ET tube or Combi used to secure the airway, the assisted ventilatory rate is reduced to 8-10 breaths per minute according to American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines. This is for adults and pediatric patients. Remember these ventilatory rates are for patients in respiratory distress only. If the patient does not have a pulse then CPR is required and you would deliver approximately 5-6 breaths per minute while allowing for approximately 100 chest compressions over that same minute. These numbers follow the current AHA ratio of 30 compressions to 2 breaths.---Source: http://www.ceu-emt.com/airway-ceu.php)
Connects the mask to high concentration of oxygen.
Adjusts flow rate to at least 15 liters per minute.
Continues ventilation of the patient at the proper volume and rate.
The examiner must witness ventilations for at least 30 seconds.
- MUST take or verbalize, BSI precautions.
- MUST adjust liter flow to at least 15 liters per minute.
- MUST provide proper volume per breath.
- MUST ventilate the patient at a rate of 10-12 breathes per minute. (adult)
- MUST allow for complete exhalation.
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