US History 1

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US History 1
2010-03-30 23:12:28

Chapter 17-22 review
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  1. Which fugitive slave repeatedly returned to the South to lead other slaves to freedom?
    Harriet Tubman
  2. With which remote Mexican city did merchants from Missouri created a flourishing trade beginning in 1821?
  3. Which young denomination was prominent both in organizing camp meetings & in the use of circuit riders?
  4. What was the biggest issue of the 1844 presidential election?
    westward expansion, Texas statehood and it's implications of slavery, western teritories of New Mexico, Arizona and California and 3rd the Oregon Territory
  5. Why did large planters generally provide their slaves with adequate housing, food, & medical care?
    so they could work them harder and longer
  6. How was the Republican party like the Whig party?
    They were Pro business, didn't support slavery,they considered the Democrates vulgar and common people, high tarrifs & they both wanted to preserve the Union
  7. Why were Irish immigrants widely disdained?
    because they were poor and vulgar lower class who faught all the time
  8. Who commanded the rag-tag Texas army that defeated General Sanata Anna, secured independence at the battle of Sam Jacinto and later became the first president of the Republic of Texas?
    Sam Houston
  9. How many white families in the southern population owned slaves?
  10. Who edited the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator?
    William Loyd Garrison
  11. What territory did the U.S. acquire as a result of the victory over Mexico?
  12. What was the romantic view of slave society which white southernes held?
    They considered the slaves to be childlike & dependent on the owners, they felt they were cotent and happy with there lots, they also felt that they could civilize them since they were uncivilized people
  13. In the presidential election of 1856, who was the Know-Nothing party's canidate?
    Milliard Filmore
  14. During Jackson's time, to which country did American missionaries paid particular attention?
  15. What were the gang systems and the task system of slave labor?
    it's the division of labor established on the plantation gang system is the most brutal of the two. task system allowed the slave to work unattened in alloted time as long as he got all the work done but the gang system would seperate the weaker from the stronger to do specifc task that they could accomplish getting more production done. both labor systems
  16. What resulted from the gold Rush of 1849?
    an influx of immigrants and american's moving & setteling into California, everyone abondaned everything to take there chances in finding gold. Streets, buildings everything just started to boom in California at a fast rate.
  17. Why were the Mormons disliked by their neighbors in Illinois?
  18. What was the difference between the Compromise of 1850 & a traditional Compromise?
    Traditional Compromise gave & took it went back and forth but the 1850 Compromise was seperated into 5 seperate bills to be voted on individually in order to pass them
  19. What was the result of John Brown's raid?
    it harden the lines between the North & the South the abolishionist & the pro-slavery
  20. From whom did the American Colonization Society draw it's strongest support?
    from the Southerns who felt that the blacks may revolt on them, the Northerners who felt that if too many blacks were free the econmy would go down, The abolishionist who thought they could get the slaves free and back to there country & the slaves who felt like going back to africa would be better in the long run
  21. What was the slaves' most valuable safeguard against abuse?
    there cash value
  22. What happened to each of the political parties in the 1860 election?
    The Democrates were split into two between the North & South & each had a canidate, the older Democrates didn't like either of there choices so they choose a canidate themselves and with Abraham Lincoln also a canidate they had 4 dominate parties running for election that year. Lincoln recived more votes and still won even thought the Democrates should of won somehow or the other since they had more canidates running for office.
  23. What was the "gag rule"?
    a rule that limits or forbids the raising, consideration or discussion of of a particular topic by a memeber of a legistlature or decision making body
  24. What was the Dred Scott decision & it's ramifications?
    Victory for supporters who wanted to free slaves, Mr. Scott's owner could have just signed a paper but fought in law to make all states legal but lost.
  25. What did the religious beliefs of most slaves stress?
    moses and the promise land
  26. What did the Wilmot Proviso call for?
    the freedom of slaves in any new state acquired into the United States
  27. How did President Polk provoke war with Mexico?
    With the Texas annex, during this time he sent 13 regiments to the other side of what was undisputed territory between Spanish Territory and the Texas Annex.
  28. How did pro-slavery advocates support their position?
    By quoteing the bible where they said it was good, saying that in ancient times of Romans they had slaves and that slaves had it better then a factory worker, all in all they were better off in slavery then what they might end up having.
  29. What is "Manifest Desitny"?
    a doctrine used to rationalize territorial expansion in the west, John. L. O'sullivan coined the term in reference to a growing conviction that the U.S. was preordained by God to expand throughout North America a imperialist policy that was deserved or benovalant
  30. What was the major goal of the American Colonization Society?
    To buy slavery freedom or to ship them back to there country
  31. What were Abraham Lincoln of Illinois political beliefs?
    he was a moderate supporter but he wasn't an extremeist or advocate for any cause not even slavery, he supported a faze way to get rid of slavery but wasn't opposed he just hoped that it would all work itself out