Path 2 Renal

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Author:
pszurnicki
ID:
118740
Filename:
Path 2 Renal
Updated:
2011-11-25 11:42:02
Tags:
Path Renal
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Path 2 Renal
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  1. Azotemia?
    • increase in BUN and Creatinine
    • decrease in GFR
  2. What are the 4 patterns of glomerulopathies?
    • hypercellularity
    • GMB thickening
    • Hyalinosis
    • Sclerosis
  3. What kind of casts are seen in Nephritic syndrome?
    Nephrotic syndrome?
    • RBC casts
    • Fatty casts
  4. MC pattern of glomerulonephritis in SLE?
    Diffuse Proliferative Glomerulonephritis
  5. What are the 4 stages of chronic renal failure?
    • Deminished renal reserve--GRF @ 50% normal
    • Renal insufficiency-- GFR @ 20-50%
    • Chronic renal failure--GFR less than 20%
    • End stage renal disease--GFR is less than 5%
  6. Acute renal failure is characterized by what 3 conditions?
    Chronic Renal failure?
    • oliguria
    • anuria
    • recent onset azotemia
    • Chronic Renal Failure
    • -Prolonged symptoms of acute renal failure
    • increased uremia--BUN
  7. When does acquired cystic disease occur?
    What does it predispose to?
    • it occurs due to prolonged dialysis from increase fibrosis causing outpocketing of the tubules
    • acquired cystic disease predispose to RCC
  8. What are the complications of CRF and uremia?
    • Electrolyte disturbance--hyperkalemia and acidosis
    • CVS--HTN
    • Congestive heart failre
    • EDEMA
    • GI--gastritis, enteritis
    • PNS--nephropathy
    • Dermatologic--pruritis
  9. What 2 conditions lead to oligohydramnios?
    • posterior urethral valve
    • renal agenesis
  10. Source of thrombi for renal infarcts?
    mural thrombi in left atrium and ventricle
  11. What are the 5 Different types of cysts in the kidney?
    • ADPCKD
    • ARPCKD
    • Dialysis associated cystic disease-ch
    • Simple cysts-40% of people have it
    • Medullary cystic disease---Fibrosis

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