Path 2 Renal
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- increase in BUN and Creatinine
- decrease in GFR
What are the 4 patterns of glomerulopathies?
- GMB thickening
What kind of casts are seen in Nephritic syndrome?
MC pattern of glomerulonephritis in SLE?
Diffuse Proliferative Glomerulonephritis
What are the 4 stages of chronic renal failure?
- Deminished renal reserve--GRF @ 50% normal
- Renal insufficiency-- GFR @ 20-50%
- Chronic renal failure--GFR less than 20%
- End stage renal disease--GFR is less than 5%
Acute renal failure is characterized by what 3 conditions?
Chronic Renal failure?
- recent onset azotemia
- Chronic Renal Failure
- -Prolonged symptoms of acute renal failure
- increased uremia--BUN
When does acquired cystic disease occur?
What does it predispose to?
- it occurs due to prolonged dialysis from increase fibrosis causing outpocketing of the tubules
- acquired cystic disease predispose to RCC
What are the complications of CRF and uremia?
- Electrolyte disturbance--hyperkalemia and acidosis
- Congestive heart failre
- GI--gastritis, enteritis
What 2 conditions lead to oligohydramnios?
- posterior urethral valve
- renal agenesis
Source of thrombi for renal infarcts?
mural thrombi in left atrium and ventricle
What are the 5 Different types of cysts in the kidney?
- Dialysis associated cystic disease-ch
- Simple cysts-40% of people have it
- Medullary cystic disease---Fibrosis
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