POLS 207: Ch 12

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sarahzim
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118772
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POLS 207: Ch 12
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2011-11-24 00:53:11
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poli sci
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  1. What are the conservative and liberal views on why crime is prevalent in society?
    Conservatives view criminal behavior as a character fault of the individual. Liberals argue crime results from society's failure to meet the needs of many.
  2. What are the conservative and liberal responses to how crime should be dealt with?
    Both believe that crimes such as murder, rape, and other violent crimes should be punished. Liberals are more likely to forgive individuals who have repaid society for cirminal acts; conservatives are unlikely to do so.
  3. What are the conservative and liberal views on poverty?
    Conservatives see poverty as a character fault of the individual. Liberals argue poverty results from society's failure to provide people with the skills they need to get a job. Both groups agree that some people are poor based on no fault of their own.
  4. What three groups of people do both conservatives and liberals feel we should show compassion toward?
    Children, the severely handicapped, and the elderly.
  5. What are the conservative and liberal views on education?
    The liberal believes that public education offers society the leverage needed to change individuals; poor success in education is society's failure. The conservative believes that if a person fails to to use educational opportunity then it is the fault of the individual.
  6. What is the relationship between state expenditures on education and crime and positive results in those categories?
    There doesn't seem to be any relationship. Education has not improved, nor have crime rates, and there has been no change in poverty levels.
  7. How has the poverty rate changed for African-Americans and Hispanics? What about for Anglos and Asians?
    Has lowered for African-Americans and Hispanics. It has remained stable for Anglos and Asians.
  8. How has poverty shifted between age groups over time?
    It has shifted from the older population to the younger.
  9. What conclusion is there for the current decline in crime rate?
    There is no one clear explanation.
  10. How do conservatives and liberals respond to issues presented by education, poverty, and crime?
    Conservatives see a need for more efficiency and better performance. Liberals see a need to redouble efforts to assure adequate education and better future employable options to all.
  11. What is the relationship between high school completion and poverty? High school completion and crime?
    Strong negative - higher education rates have lower poverty and crime rates.
  12. What is the relationship between poverty and crime?
    Positive relationship - higher poverty rates have higher crime rates.
  13. If the U.S. wants to reform education what would be required?
    Reevaluation of the central principle of local control.
  14. What is the relationship between the success of primary/secondary school education and high school graduation rates? What is the relationship between the success of higher education and the percent of people with bachelor's degrees?
    Positive - states with highly educated populations by one measure also have highly educated populations by the other.
  15. What are Texas trends in education: high school completion, drop out rates, population with bachelor's degrees?
    Below average on all counts.
  16. What is the relationship between K-12 spending and outcomes?
    There is no relationship.
  17. What is the relationship between student expenditures and college graduates?
    Strong positive.
  18. What is the relationship between past support for primary/secondary education and current population with bachelor's degrees?
    Strong positive.
  19. What is the relationship between state Medicaid benefits and poverty rates?
    Strong negative - higher state Medicaid benefits to recipients are related to lower state poverty rates.
  20. What is the relationship between state SNAP benefits and poverty rates?
    No relationship.
  21. What is the relationship between TANF benefits and poverty rates?
    Strong negative - higher TANF benefits are related to lower state poverty rates.
  22. What is the relationship between state SCHIP benefits and poverty rates?
    There is no relationship.
  23. What is the overall relationship between welfare benefits and state povery rates?
    Strong negative
  24. What is the relationship between crime rates and incarceration rates?
    Strong positive.
  25. What is the relationship between criminal justice spending and total crime? What about criminal justice spending and property crime?
    There is no relationship.
  26. What is the relationship between criminal justice spending and violent crime?
    Positive relationship.
  27. Roe v. Wade
    A woman's right to an abortion fell within the right to privacy protected by the 14th Amendment.
  28. Webster v. Reproductive Health Services
    Clarified that states retained the power to place restrictions on how abortion services are provided.
  29. What is the relationship between state abortion rate and metropolitan population?
    Strong positive.
  30. What is the relationship between the restrictiveness of state abortion laws and the percentag of legislature controlled by the Democratic Party?
    Negative relationship.
  31. What has been the trend in SAT scores?
    Decrease during the 1960s and 1970s, and increase after 1991.
  32. What has been the trend in poverty rates?
    Declined sharply, especially between 1960 and 1980.
  33. What has been the trend in crime rates?
    Higher now than in 1960; increased from 1960 to 1981, then decreased from 1992 to 2008.

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