War at Home (3)
Edict of Fontainbleau/Revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685)
- Madame de Maintenon: mistress and second "wife" of Louis XIV; staunch Catholic; convinced Louis to go after Huguenots; they were previously protected by Colbert (they helped France financially); after Colbert dies, he pursues them more aggressively; Louis becomes "New Constantine"
- Louis revokes the edict of Nantes and forbids Huguenots to practice their faith; demolishes Protestant churches and schools; ministers had 15 days to leave France or become imprisoned; Protestant children were kidnapped and baptized by Catholic priests
- about 200,000 Protestants leave France for England, the Dutch Republic, and Brandenburg-Prussia
- emigres: French Protestants forced to leave; took skills to new countries; economically helping new countries and hurting France
- Protestants across Europe consider Louis XIV a fanatic who must be opposed