Medical Terminology

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Author:
son850
ID:
118806
Filename:
Medical Terminology
Updated:
2011-11-24 14:09:41
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Medical Terminology
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Prefixes & Suffixes
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  1. a-
    • no
    • not
  2. ab-
    away from...
  3. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  4. -ac
    pertaining to...
  5. ad-
    • toward
    • near
  6. aden/o
    gland
  7. adren/o
    adrenal/o
    adrenal glands
  8. -al
    pertaining to...
  9. -algia
    pain
  10. amin/o
    sac of fluid surrounding the embryo
  11. an-
    • no
    • not
  12. an/o
    anus
  13. ana-
    • up
    • apart
  14. anemia
    lack of red blood cells
  15. angi/o
    • vessel
    • lymph & bile vessels as well
  16. ante-
    • before
    • forward
  17. anti-
    against
  18. -ar
    pertaining to...
  19. arteri/o
    artery
  20. arthr/o
    joint
  21. -ary
    pertaining to...
  22. ather/o
    • plaque
    • yellow, fatty material
  23. -ation
    • process
    • condition
  24. aur/o
    ear
  25. aut-
    self
  26. autopsy
    looking at dead tissue
  27. axill/o
    • armpit
    • underarm
  28. bi-
    • two
    • both
  29. bi/o
    life
  30. biopsy
    looking at living tissue
  31. brady-
    slow
  32. bronch/o
    • bronchial tubes
    • lead from windpipe to the lungs
  33. carcin/o
    • cancer
    • cancerous
  34. cardi/o
    heart
  35. carp/o
    • wrist bone
    • carpals
  36. -cele
    hernia
  37. -centesis
    surgical puncture to remove fluid
  38. cephal/o
    head
  39. cerebell/o
    cerebellum
  40. cerebr/o
    largest part of the brain
  41. cervic/o
    • neck of the body
    • neck (cervix) of the uterus
  42. chem/o
    • drug
    • chemical
  43. cholecyst/o
    gallbladder
  44. chondr/o
    cartilage
  45. chron/o
    time
  46. -cision
    process of cutting
  47. cis/o
    cutting
  48. coccyg/o
    • coccyx
    • tailbone
  49. col/o
    • colon
    • large intestine
  50. colon/o
    • colon
    • large intestine
  51. colp/o
    vagina
  52. colpocystotomy
    operation of urinary bladder through vagina
  53. comi/o
    caring for...
  54. con-
    with together
  55. coron/o
    heart
  56. coronary
    heart attack
  57. cost/o
    ribs
  58. crani/o
    • cranium
    • skull
  59. -crine
    secretion
  60. cry/o
    cold
  61. cutane/o
    skin
  62. cyst/o
    urinary bladder
  63. cyt/o
    cell
  64. -cyte
    cell
  65. derm/o
    skin
  66. dermat/o
    skin
  67. dia-
    • complete
    • thorough
  68. dur/o
    • dura mater
    • outermost meningeal membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord
  69. dys-
    • bad
    • painful
    • difficult
    • abnormal
  70. dysmenorrhea
    painful menstruation
  71. -eal
    pertaining to...
  72. ec-
    • out
    • outside
  73. -ectomy
    • removal
    • excision
  74. electr/o
    electricity
  75. -emesis
    vomiting
  76. -emia
    • blood condition
    • too much of...
  77. encephal/o
    brain
  78. endo-
    within
  79. endometriosis
    cells from inner layer of uterus migrate to other parts of the body producing tumors
  80. enter/o
    intestines (esp. small)
  81. epi-
    • above
    • upon
  82. epitheli/o
    • skin
    • surface tissue (cells)
  83. erythr/o
    red
  84. esophag/o
    • esophagus
    • tube from throat to stomach
  85. esthesi/o
    sensation
  86. ex-
    • out
    • outside
  87. exo-
    outside
  88. extra-
    • out
    • outside
  89. gastr/o
    stomach
  90. gen/o
    • producing
    • beginning
    • arising from...
  91. -gen
    • producing
    • beginning
  92. ger/o
    old age
  93. glyc/o
    sugar
  94. gnos/o
    knowledge
  95. -gram
    record
  96. -graphy
    process of recording
  97. gynec/o
    woman
  98. hem/o
    blood
  99. hemat/o
    blood
  100. hematoma
    bruise
  101. hematuria
    blood in the urine
  102. hemi-
    half
  103. hepat/o
    liver
  104. hyper-
    • excessive
    • more than normal
  105. hypo-
    • below
    • less than normal
  106. hypochondriac
    • under the ribs (medical)
    • always feeling sick (common)
  107. hyster/o
    uterus
  108. hysteria
    over emotional
  109. -ia
    • condition
    • disease
  110. iatr/o
    treatment
  111. -ic
    pertaining to...
  112. in-
    • in
    • into
  113. -ine
    pertaining to...
  114. inguin/o
    • groin
    • depression between the thigh and the trunk of the body
  115. inter-
    between
  116. intra-
    within
  117. isch/o
    • to hold back
    • block
  118. -ism
    condition
  119. -ist
    specialist
  120. -itis
    inflammation
  121. lapar/o
    abdomen (area between chest and hips)
  122. laparoscopy
    operation of the abdomen
  123. laryng/o
    • larynx
    • "voice box"
  124. leuk/o
    white
  125. -lith
    stone
  126. lumb/o
    • waist
    • lower spine
  127. lymph/o
    clear fluid in tissue spaces and lymph vessels
  128. lymphaden/o
    lymph nodes
  129. -lysis
    • separation
    • breakdown
    • destruction/death
  130. mal-
    bad
  131. mammo/o
    breast
  132. mast/o
    breast
  133. medull/o
    medulla oblongata
  134. -megaly
    (organ name) enlargement
  135. men/o
    • menstruation
    • menses
    • month
  136. mening/o
    • meninges
    • membranes around the brain and spinal cord
  137. meta-
    • change
    • beyond
  138. metacarpa/o
    metacarpals
  139. metri/o
    uterus
  140. -metry
    measurement
  141. -mortem
    death
  142. muscul/o
    muscle
  143. my/o
    muscle
  144. myel/o
    • bone marrow
    • spinal cord
    • something soft, inside something hard
  145. myositis
    muscle inflammation
  146. naso/o
    nose
  147. nat/i
    birth
  148. necr/o
    death (of cells)
  149. neo-
    new
  150. nephr/o
    kidney
  151. neur/o
    nerve
  152. norm/o
    • rule
    • order
  153. nos/o
    disease
  154. obstetr/o
    specialist in pregnancy and childbirth
  155. ocul/o
    eye
  156. -ologist
    specialist in the study of...
  157. -ology
    study of...
  158. -oma
    • tumor
    • mass
  159. onc/o
    tumor
  160. oophor/o
    ovaries
  161. ophthalm/o
    eye
  162. -opsy
    process of viewing
  163. opt/o
    eye
  164. or/o
    mouth
  165. orch/o
    testis
  166. orchi/o
    testis
  167. orchid/o
    testis
  168. orth/o
    straight
  169. -osis
    abnormal condition
  170. oste/o
    bone
  171. ot/o
    ear
  172. -ous
    pertaining to...
  173. ovari/o
    ovaries
  174. pancreat/o
    pancreas
  175. para-
    • beside
    • near
    • along the side of...
  176. parathyroid/o
    • parathyroid glands
    • posterior side of thyroid gland
  177. -partum
    birth
  178. path/o
    disease
  179. pathologist
    performs biopsy and autopsy
  180. -pathy
    disease
  181. ped/o
    child
  182. pelv/o
    • pelvis
    • hipbone
  183. peri-
    surrounding
  184. peritone/o
    • peritoneum
    • membrane surrounding the abdomen
  185. -pexy
    fixation (surgical)
  186. pharyng/o
    • pharynx
    • throat
  187. -philia
    unnatural / psychotic attraction to...
  188. phleb/o
    vein
  189. -phobia
    unnatural / psychotic fear of...
  190. phren/o
    • mind
    • diaphragm
    • heart
  191. plas/o
    • formation
    • growth
    • development
    • tumor
  192. -plasm
    • formation
    • tumor
    • growth
  193. -plasty
    • surgical repair
    • surgical correction
  194. -plegia
    paralysis
  195. pleur/o
    • membrane that surrounds the lungs
    • pleura
  196. -pnea
    breathing
  197. pneumon/o
    lungs
  198. -poiesis
    cell formation
  199. poly-
    • many
    • much
  200. pre-
    before
  201. pro-
    before
  202. proct/o
    anus and rectum
  203. prognosis
    forecast
  204. prostat/o
    prostate gland
  205. psych/o
    mind
  206. -ptosis
    • sagging
    • prolapse
    • fall out of place
  207. -ptysis
    spitting
  208. pulmon/o
    lungs
  209. radi/o
    x-rays
  210. re-
    • back
    • behind
  211. rect/o
    rectum
  212. ren/o
    kidney
  213. retro-
    • back
    • behind
  214. rheumat/o
    • flow
    • fluid
  215. rhin/o
    nose
  216. -rrhage
    bursting forth of blood
  217. -rrhagia
    bursting forth of blood
  218. -rrhea
    • flow
    • discharge
  219. salping/o
    • fallopian tube
    • eustachian tube (between ear and aural cavity)
  220. sacr/o
    sacrum (five fused bones in lower back)
  221. sarc/o
    flesh
  222. scapul/o
    • shoulder blade
    • scapula
  223. -sclerosis
    • hardening
    • blockage
  224. schizophrenia
    not relating to reality well
  225. -scope
    instrument to visually examine
  226. -scopy
    process of visual examination
  227. -section
    cutting
  228. septic/o
    • infection
    • dirt
  229. -sis
    state of...
  230. -somatic
    pertaining to the body
  231. son/o
    sound
  232. spin/o
    • spine
    • backbone
  233. splen/o
    spleen
  234. spondyl/o
    vertebra
  235. -stasis
    • standing
    • placing
    • stopping
    • controlling
  236. -stat
    • standing
    • placing
    • stopping
    • controlling
  237. stomat/o
    mouth
  238. -stomy
    artificial opening
  239. sub-
    • under
    • below
  240. sym-
    • with
    • together
    • same
  241. syn-
    • with
    • together
    • same
  242. tachy-
    fast
  243. ten/o
    tendon
  244. tendin/o
    tendon
  245. -tension
    pressure
  246. -therapy
    treatment
  247. -thesis
    • putting
    • placing
  248. thorac/o
    chest
  249. thromb/o
    clotting
  250. thrombosis
    blood clot
  251. thyroaden/o
    thyroid gland
  252. thyroid/o
    thyroid gland
  253. -tic
    pertaining to...
  254. -tomy
    • process of cutting
    • incision
    • operation
  255. tonsill/o
    tonsils
  256. top/o
    • putting
    • placing
    • position
  257. trache/o
    • windpipe
    • trachea
  258. trans-
    • across
    • through
  259. troph/o
    • development
    • nourishment
  260. ultra-
    beyond
  261. -um
    structure
  262. uni-
    one
  263. ur/o
    • urine
    • urea (waste matter)
    • urinary tract
  264. uremia
    too much urea in the blood
  265. ureter/o
    • between kidneys and bladder
    • ureters
  266. urethr/o
    urethra
  267. -uria
    condition of urine
  268. uter/o
    uterus
  269. vagin/o
    vagina
  270. vas/o
    vas deferens
  271. vascul/o
    blood vessels
  272. vasectomy
    cutting (not removal)
  273. ven/o
    veins
  274. vertebr/o
    vertebra
  275. vesic/o
    urinary bladder
  276. -y
    condition process

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