Self Care- Common Cold

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Self Care- Common Cold
2011-11-25 20:25:19
pharmacy common cold

Fall 2011 PT Module III: Common Cold
Show Answers:

  1. What is the DEFINITION of the Common Cold?
    Self-limiting viral infection of the upper respiratory tract
  2. What Factors increase a persons SUSECPTIBILITY of getting a cold?
    • Smoking
    • Increased population density
    • Chronic physiologic stress
  3. What VIRUS causes the most COLDs?
    • Rhinovirus
    • ---respiratory synctical virus
    • ---corona virus
    • ---adenovirus
    • (less common)
  4. How is the COLD VIRUS transmitted?
    • Inhalation
    • Self-Inoculation (last for 3hrs on surface)
  5. What are the (5) Steps of the PATHOPHYSIOLOGY of a Cold?
    • Exposure to virus
    • Virus invades host
    • Incubation period
    • Inflammatory mediators released
    • Local reactions
  6. When in the PEAK concentration of the VIRUS in a cold?
    2-4 days
  7. What INFLAMMATORY MEDIATORs are released from infected cells in a cold?
  8. What are the LOCAL REACTIONS of a cold?
    • vasodilation
    • leakage of plasma thru cell openings
    • stimulation of sensory nerve reflex
  9. What are the most FREQUENT cold symptoms?
    • Sore Throat--2days
    • Nasal Congestion
    • Rhinorrhea
    • Sneezing
  10. What are the INFREQUENT cold symptoms?
    • Chills
    • Headache
    • Malaise
    • Myalgia
    • Low-grade fever
    • Cough
  11. What are the COMPLICATIONS of a cold?
    • Sinusitis
    • Otits Media
    • Bronchitis
    • Pneumonia
    • Exacerbation of asthma & COPD
  12. What are the TREATMENT goals for a Cold?
    • Reduce Bothersome symptoms
    • Improve fxn and well-being
    • prevent spread
  13. What are the (6) EXCLUSIONS for self treatment of a COLD?
    • Fever exclusion
    • Chest pain
    • Shortness of breath
    • Pulmonary/Cardiopulmonary disease--severe
    • AIDS or immunosuppressed disease
    • Elderly/Frail
    • Sore throat >2days
  14. What are (7) NON-PHARMACOLOGIC treatments for a cold?
    • rest
    • increased flui intake
    • humidification
    • salt water gargle
    • nasal irrigation
    • nasal strips
    • anti-viral kleenex
  15. What is Nasal Congestion triggered by?
    • Allergic reactions
    • URT infections
  16. What is the SYMPATHETIC autonomic enervation of nasal vasculature?
    NE or Epi binds to alpha-1 adrenergic receptors---vasocontriction---decrease mucous secretions
  17. What is the PARASYMPATHETIC autonomic enervation of nasal vasculature?
    ACH binds to M3 muscarinic receptors--- increase mucous secretions