How was the unconscious viewed?
Unconscious was defined as mostly repressed desires and memories. It is not something that is forgotten but can be later remembered, which is termed preconscious. The unconscious is a reservoir of guilty wishes and indecent thoughts. The desire to reexperience some of these thoughts is matched by a powerful force that keeps them inside. What keeps the desires inside is conscience, a moral guardian, which develops under the pressure of social norms.
Freud formulated the concept called the unconscious (appearing a noun, not an adjective). It involved activities that were not open to direct conscious scrutiny, but influenced conscious process and behavior. It was viewed as a complicated dynamic of wishes and drives fighting against restrictions, logic, and delays of gratification of these wishes.
Jung, on the other hand, believed there must be an impersonal layer in the human psyche, different from the individual unconscious, which he called the collective unconscious. It is inherited and shared with other members of the species. Jung agreed with Freud that the indiv unconscious consists primarily of repressed ideas. But the content of the collective unconscious consists of archetypes, or images of the primordial character. Thus, people shared similar experiences, which was manifested as dreams, fantasies, and delusions.