Neuro exam flashcards.txt
Card Set Information
Neuro exam flashcards.txt
H and P neuro Directly from BATES
Increase in muscle bulk with proportionate increase in muscle strength
Increase in muscle bulk without proportionate increase in muscle strength
Localized atrophy of the thenar eminence suggests damage of what nerve?
Localized atrophy of the hypothenar eminence suggests damage of what nerve?
When a normal muscle is relaxed there is a slight residual tension known as ____
You can measure a muscle tone by feeling the mucle's resistance to _____
Fasiculations with atrophy suggest disease of the ___ motor unit
An increased resistance that worsens at the extremes of range, and increases with rapid movement
increased resistance throughout the range of movement and in both directions and is not rate dependent
No muscular contraction detected would be a muscle strength of
A barely detectable flicker or trace of contraction would be a muscle strength of
An active movement of the body part with gravity eliminated would be a muscle strength of
An active movement of the body against gravity would be a muscle strength of
An active movement of the body against gravity and some resistance would be a muscle strength of
an active movment of the body against full resistance without evident fatigue is normal muscle strength
Absense of strength is called ____ or ____
paralysis or plegia
weakness of one half of the body
paralysis of one half of the body
paralysis of the legs
paralysis of all 4 limbs
Flexion of the bicepts is controlled by what nerve segments?
C5 and C6
Extension of the arm by the tricepts is controlled by what nerve segments?
List the muscles and nerves responsible for extension at the wrist
C6, C7, C8, radial nerve: extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis
What spinal segments control grip?
C7, C8, T1
how would you test a patients grip?
Ask the patient to squeeze two of your fingers as hard as possible and not let them go
What are some conditions that can cause a weak grip?
Radiculopathy, deQuevain's tenosynovitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, arthritis, epicondylitis
What spinal segments control finger abduction?
What nerve controls finger abduction?
What spinal segments and nerve control thumb opposition?
C8 and T1, median nerve
Flexion at the hip is controlled by what spinal segments and what muscle?
L2, L3, L4 iliopsoas
What controls adduction at the hips?.
L2, L3, L4 adductors
Symmetric weakness of the proximal muscles suggests a ____ or muscle disorder
symmetric weakness of distal muscles suggests a ____ or disorder of the peripheral nerves
Abduction at the hips is controlled by what
L4,L5, S1, gluteus medius and minimus
Extension at the hips is controlled by what
S1 and gluteus maximus
Extension at the knee is controlled by
L2, L3, L4 and is accomplished by the quadricepts
Flexion at the knee is controlled by what
L4, L5, S1 and S2 and the hamstrings
Dorsiflexion is controlled by
L4 and L5 � tibialis anterior
Plantar flexion is controlled by
S1 and gastrocnemius
What is dysdiadochokinesis?
A cerebellar disease process finding in which one movement cannot be follwed quickly its opposite movement. Attempting this may have slow irregular or clumsy movements