Neuro exam flashcards.txt

Card Set Information

Author:
BostonPhysicianAssist
ID:
119086
Filename:
Neuro exam flashcards.txt
Updated:
2011-11-26 20:14:18
Tags:
neuro
Folders:

Description:
H and P neuro Directly from BATES
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user BostonPhysicianAssist on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Increase in muscle bulk with proportionate increase in muscle strength
    Hypertrophy
  2. Increase in muscle bulk without proportionate increase in muscle strength
    Pseudohypertrophy
  3. Localized atrophy of the thenar eminence suggests damage of what nerve?
    Median
  4. Localized atrophy of the hypothenar eminence suggests damage of what nerve?
    Ulnar
  5. When a normal muscle is relaxed there is a slight residual tension known as ____
    muscle tone
  6. You can measure a muscle tone by feeling the mucle's resistance to _____
    passive stretch
  7. Fasiculations with atrophy suggest disease of the ___ motor unit
    peripheral
  8. An increased resistance that worsens at the extremes of range, and increases with rapid movement
    Spasticity
  9. increased resistance throughout the range of movement and in both directions and is not rate dependent
    Rigidity
  10. No muscular contraction detected would be a muscle strength of
    O
  11. A barely detectable flicker or trace of contraction would be a muscle strength of
    1
  12. An active movement of the body part with gravity eliminated would be a muscle strength of
    2
  13. An active movement of the body against gravity would be a muscle strength of
    3
  14. An active movement of the body against gravity and some resistance would be a muscle strength of
    4
  15. an active movment of the body against full resistance without evident fatigue is normal muscle strength
    5
  16. Paresis
    weakness
  17. Absense of strength is called ____ or ____
    paralysis or plegia
  18. Hemiparesis
    weakness of one half of the body
  19. Hemiplegia
    paralysis of one half of the body
  20. Paraplegia
    paralysis of the legs
  21. quadirplegia
    paralysis of all 4 limbs
  22. Flexion of the bicepts is controlled by what nerve segments?
    C5 and C6
  23. Extension of the arm by the tricepts is controlled by what nerve segments?
    C6, C7,C8
  24. List the muscles and nerves responsible for extension at the wrist
    C6, C7, C8, radial nerve: extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis
  25. What spinal segments control grip?
    C7, C8, T1
  26. how would you test a patients grip?
    Ask the patient to squeeze two of your fingers as hard as possible and not let them go
  27. What are some conditions that can cause a weak grip?
    Radiculopathy, deQuevain's tenosynovitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, arthritis, epicondylitis
  28. What spinal segments control finger abduction?
    C8, T1
  29. What nerve controls finger abduction?
    Ulnar nerve
  30. What spinal segments and nerve control thumb opposition?
    C8 and T1, median nerve
  31. Flexion at the hip is controlled by what spinal segments and what muscle?
    L2, L3, L4 iliopsoas
  32. What controls adduction at the hips?.
    L2, L3, L4 adductors
  33. Symmetric weakness of the proximal muscles suggests a ____ or muscle disorder
    myopathy
  34. symmetric weakness of distal muscles suggests a ____ or disorder of the peripheral nerves
    polyneuropathy
  35. Abduction at the hips is controlled by what
    L4,L5, S1, gluteus medius and minimus
  36. Extension at the hips is controlled by what
    S1 and gluteus maximus
  37. Extension at the knee is controlled by
    L2, L3, L4 and is accomplished by the quadricepts
  38. Flexion at the knee is controlled by what
    L4, L5, S1 and S2 and the hamstrings
  39. Dorsiflexion is controlled by
    L4 and L5 � tibialis anterior
  40. Plantar flexion is controlled by
    S1 and gastrocnemius
  41. What is dysdiadochokinesis?
    A cerebellar disease process finding in which one movement cannot be follwed quickly its opposite movement. Attempting this may have slow irregular or clumsy movements

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview