The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards.
Who is the current ruler of Russia?
Is Russia considered democratic?
When did turkey lose the ottoman empire?
Who created the basic Turkish political principle?
President Kemal Ataturk
What is Kemalism?
Separation of religion and politics in Turkey.
How long did the Iranian kingdom last?
Until 1979 (Islamic revolution)
Ayatollah Khomeini led and created what?
- Iranian theocracy
- The strong bind between politics and religion.
Why is the middle east the least democratic region?
Democracy is incompatible with extreme theocracy.
- Islam justifies dictatorships.
- The oil factor
Karl Marx created what?
- The belief that workers should have power instead of privileged. The elimination of private property.
When was the Soviet Union created?
Eastern Europe turned to communism when?
When was the Cold War?
WWII until 1980s
Why did the Cold War end?
The soviet union weakened
Who led the Russian revolution in 1917?
Who ruled Russia between 1920s-1953
A brutal dictator named Stalin
What resulted in the Soviet Unions economic failure?
Afghan War in 1979
Who took power of Russia in 1985?
What is Perestroika?
What is Glasnost?
When did the Soviet Union dissolve?
What are the two parts to Robert Dahl's definition of democracy?
- 1. Competition - Is opposition possible?
- 2. Inclusiveness - Are people excluded?
Describe the 1st wave.
- Took place between 1820-1920s and was the "long wave."
- 29 democracies in 1926.
Describe the 2nd wave.
- Took place after WWII.
- It's peak was 36 democracies.
Describe the 3rd wave.
- Started in 1974 and is still continuing.
- More than 100 democracies.
Where did the third wave start and with what countries?
- Started in Southern Europe.
- Greece, Spain, and Latin America.
What conditions are favorable to the rise of democracy?
- Economic Development
- Political Culture
- Social Structure
- External Factors
What does "consolidation of democracy" mean?
Democracy is stronger, gains legitimacy, and is seen as the "only game in town."
When did the colonization of Africa intensify?
When was the "year of Africa?"
Who was Kwame Nkumah?
He led Ghana to independence
Why did many African countries have trouble in nation building?
- Ethnic conflict
- low education level
- artificial border lines
What is neopatrimonialism?
When African political leaders maintain authority through personal patronage rather than ideology or law.
What is the name of the dictator who controlled Congo between 1965 and 1997? What were the characteristics of his rule?
- He was very money hungry
Who controlled Uganda between 1971 and 1979 and what where the characteristics of his rule?
- Idi Amin
- he was blood hungry and killed for pleasure
What does "state failure" mean?
Name an example.
When government's capacity to govern gets weak.
Somalia is an example since it has no central govt since 1991.
How did the Cold War affect democratization in the 1990s?
In order to receive aid, countries were required to be democracies.
What three factors contributed to the Range of Regimes?
Who did Nigeria gain independence from in 1960?
What composes 95% of Nigeria's exports?
Is Nigeria a democracy or non-democracy?
It is constantly back and forth between the two.
How did the Biafra War happen?
It happened when provinces attempted seceeding from Nigeria because of ethnic conflict.
When did most countries in Asia gain independence?
What're the theoretical and realistic beliefs in convergence and divergence?
Theoretically, the difference between rich and poor countries is supposed to get smaller.
Realistcally, the difference is getting bigger.
What're the Four Tigers (Dragons) in Newly Industrializing Economies?
- Hong Kong
- South Korea
What's the difference between Modernization and Dependency theory?
Modernization believes underdeveloped countries will eventually westernize.
Dependency believes poor countries' development is hindered.
Dictatorships are more predictable than democracies in terms of economy. True or False?
What're the three types of Authoritarian systems?
- 1. Authoritarian developmentalist regimes
- -promotes growth & welfare
- 2. Authoritarian growth regimes
- -promotes growth
- 3. Authoritarian state elite enrichment regimes
- -promotes neither growth or welfare
Which country colonized Mexico?
Which dictator of Mexico was ousted during the Mexican Revolution?
Is mexico federal or unitary?
Is power centralized or decentralized (until 2000)
Is Mexico presidential or parliamentary?
Does the head of govt have strong power (until 2000)
- Yes, has very strong power
What Mexican party domintated politics from 1929-2000?
PRI - Institutional Revolutionary Party
Who is the current Mexican president?
What is his party?
- Felipe Calderon
- PAN - National Action Party
What was Mohandas Ghandhi's strategy in the independence movement?
Non-violent resistance (indian tradition)
Is India secular or religious?
When did it gain independence?
- Gained independence in 1947
Who was the first P.M. of india?
What party dominated India for a long time after ind.?
INC - Indian National Congress
What are the characteristics of Indira Gandhi's politics? Whose daughter is she?
Strong leadership, personalistic, and part of INC
What is "Hindu backlash"?
reaction against secularism due to conflicts with Muslims
What's the main political party of Hindu nationalism?
What are the two major parties in India?
INC and BJP
Who is the current P.M. of India? What party does he belong to?
Singh - INC