Med terms - ch 14&15

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kotzkm
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119246
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Med terms - ch 14&15
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2011-11-27 18:50:19
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med terms
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  1. balan/o
    glans penis
  2. epididym/o
    epididymis
  3. orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o, test/o
    testis or testicle
  4. perine/o
    perineum
  5. prostat/o
    prostate
  6. sperm/o, spermat/o
    sperm (seed)
  7. vas/o
    vessel
  8. scrotum
    skin covered pouch in the groin divided into two sacs, each containing a testis and epididymis
  9. testis, testicle
    one of the two male reproductive glands, located in the scrotum, that produce sperm and the hormone testosterone
  10. sperm, spermatozoon
    male gamete or sex cell produced in the testes that unites with the ovum n the female to produce offspring
  11. epididymis
    coiled duct on the top aant the side of the testis that stores sperm before emission
  12. penis
    erectile tissue covered with skin that contains the urethra for urination and the ducts for secretion of seminal fluid (semen)
  13. glans penis
    bulging structure at the distal end of the penis (glans = acorn)
  14. prepuce
    foreskin; loose casing that covers the glans penis; removed by circumcision
  15. vas deferens
    duct that carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct (vas = vessel, deferens = carrying away)
  16. seminal vesicle
    one of two sac like structures behind the bladder and connected to the vas deferens on each side; secretes an alkaline substance into the semen to enable the sperm to live longer
  17. semen
    a mixture ff e secretions of the testes, seminal vesicles, prostate, and bulbourethral glands discharged from the male urethra during orgasm (semen = seed)
  18. ejaculatory duct
    duct formed by the union of the vas deferens with the duct of the seminal vesicle; its fluid is carried into the urethra
  19. prostate gland
    trilobular gland that encircles the urethra just below the der secretes and alkaline fluid into the semen (pro = before, stat = to stand)
  20. bulburethral glands, cowper glands
    pair of glands below the prostate, with ducts opening into the urethra, that adds a viscid (sticky) fluid to the semen
  21. perineum
    external region between the scrotum and anus in a male and between the vulva and anus in a female
  22. cervic/o
    neck or cervix
  23. colp/o, vagin/o
    vagina (sheath)
  24. episi/o, vulv/o
    vulva (covering)
  25. gynec/o
    woman
  26. hyster/o, metr/o, uter/o
    uterus
  27. lact/o
    milk
  28. mast/o, mamm/o
    breast
  29. men/o
    menstruation
  30. obstetr/o
    midwife
  31. oophor/o, ovari/o
    ovary
  32. ov/i, ov/o
    egg
  33. pelv/i
    pelvis (basin); hip bone
  34. salping/o
    uterine (fallopian) tube; also, eustachian tube
  35. toc/o
    labor or birth
  36. -arche
    beginning
  37. uterus
    womb; a pear shaped organ in the pelvic cavity in which the embryo and fetus develops
  38. fundus
    upper portion of the uterus above the entry to the uterine tubes
  39. endometrium
    lining of the uterus, which is shed approximately every 28 to 30 days in a nonpregnant female during menstruation
  40. myometrium
    muscular wall of the uterus
  41. uterine tubes, fallopian tubes
    tubes extending from each side of the uterus toward the ovary that provide a passage for ova to the uterus
  42. adnexa
    uterine tubes and ovaries (uterine appendages)
  43. right uterine appendage
    right tube and ovary
  44. left uterine appendage
    left tube and ovary
  45. ovary
    one of two glands located on each side of the pelvic cavity that produce ova and female sex hormones
  46. cervix
    neck of the uterus
  47. cervical os
    opening of the cervix to the uterus
  48. vagina
    tubular passageway from the cervix to the outside of the body
  49. vulva
    external genitalia of the female
  50. labia
    folds of tissue on either side of the vaginal opening; known as the labia majora and labia minora
  51. clitoris
    female erectile tissue in the anterior portion of the vulva
  52. hymen
    fold of mucous membrane that encircles the entrance to the vagina
  53. introitus
    entrance to the vagina
  54. bartholin glands
    two glands located on either side of the vaginal opening that secrete a lubricant during intercourse
  55. perineum
    region between the anus and the vulva
  56. mammary glands
    two glands in the female breast that are capable of producing milk
  57. mammary papilla
    nipple
  58. areola
    dark pigmented area around the nipple
  59. embryo
    the developing organism from fertilization to the end of the eighth week
  60. fetus
    the developing organism from the ninth week to birth
  61. placenta
    vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall druing pregnancy to provide nourishment for the fetus (placenta = cake)
  62. amnion, amniotic sac
    innermost of the membranes surrounding the embryo in the uterus, filled with amniotic fluid
  63. amniotic fluid
    fluid within the amniotic sac that surrounds and protects the fetus
  64. meconium
    intestinal discharges of the fetus that form the first stool in the newborn

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